Brown-backed mockingbirds Mimus dorsalis, copyright Ron Knight.

Belongs within: Muscicapida.

The Mimidae, mockingbirds and thrashers, are medium-sized thrush-like birds found in the New World. They have short wings, a long tail and long legs, and are usually dull in coloration (Internet Bird Collection).

    |  |    |--M. caerulescensJF06
    |  |    |--M. hypoleucusBKB15
    |  |    `--M. longicaudatusJT12
    |  `--+--Melanoptila glabirostrisBKB15
    |     `--+--Dumetella carolinensisBKB15
    |        `--+--Ramphocinclus brachyurusJT12
    |           |    |--R. b. brachyurusFP64
    |           |    `--R. b. sanctaeluciaeFP64
    |           `--+--Allenia fuscaBKB15 [=Margarops fuscusJT12]
    |              |    |--A. f. fuscaL03
    |              |    `--‘Margarops fuscus’ atlanticus Buden 1993L03
    |              `--+--Margarops fuscatusJT12
    |                 `--Cinclocerthia Gray 1840JT12, OF05 [incl. Orphanopsar Hachikusa 1953OF05]
    |                      |--C. gutturalis (Lafresnaye 1843)OF05 (see below for synonymy)
    |                      |--C. macrorhyncha Sclater 1866OF05
    |                      |--C. ruficauda Gould 1836OF05
    |                      |    |--C. r. ruficaudaOF05
    |                      |    `--C. r. tenebrosa Ridgway 1904OF05 [incl. C. walteri Thayer 1925L03]
    |                      `--C. tremula (Lafresnaye 1843)OF05 [=C. ruficauda tremulaMS55]
    |                           |--C. t. tremulaOF05
    |                           `--C. t. pavida Ridgway 1904OF05
    `--+--Toxostoma Wagler 1831JF06, B94 [Toxostomidae]
       |    |  i. s.: T. dorsaleFP64
       |    |--+--+--T. bendireiJT12
       |    |  |  `--T. cinereumJT12
       |    |  `--+--T. redivivumJT12
       |    |     `--+--T. crissaleJT12
       |    |        `--T. lecontei Lawrence 1851JT12, L03
       |    `--+--T. ocellatumJT12
       |       `--+--T. curvirostreJT12
       |          |    |--T. c. curvirostreL03
       |          |    `--T. c. palmeri (Ridgway ex Coues 1872) [=Harporhynchus curvirostris var. palmeri]L03
       |          `--+--T. guttatumBKB15
       |             `--+--T. longirostreBKB15
       |                `--T. rufumBKB15
       `--+--Oreoscoptes montanusJF06
          `--Mimus Boie 1826JF06, B94
               |  i. s.: M. leucospilosS66
               |         M. tricaudatusF43
               |--M. gundlachiiBKB15
               `--+--+--+--M. macdonaldiBKB15
                  |  |  `--M. melanotisJT12
                  |  `--+--M. parvulusJT12
                  |     `--M. trifasciatusJT12
                  `--+--+--M. longicaudatus Tschudi 1844BKB15, L03
                     |  |    |--M. l. longicaudatus [incl. M. nigriloris Lawrence 1871]L03
                     |  |    `--M. l. platensis Chapman 1924L03
                     |  `--+--M. graysoniJT12
                     |     `--+--M. gilvusJT12
                     |        |    |--M. g. gilvusL03
                     |        |    |--M. g. antillarum Hellmayr & Seilern 1915L03
                     |        |    |--M. g. melanopterus Lawrence 1849L03
                     |        |    |--M. g. tobagensis Dalmas 1900L03
                     |        |    `--M. g. tolimensisL81
                     |        `--M. polyglottosJT12
                     |             |--M. p. polyglottosL81
                     |             `--M. p. orpheusL81
                     `--+--+--M. patagonicusBKB15
                        |  `--M. thencaJT12
                        `--+--M. saturninusJT12
                           |    |--M. s. saturninusL03
                           |    `--M. s. arenaceus Chapman 1890L03
                           `--+--M. dorsalisJT12
                              `--M. triurusJT12
Mimidae incertae sedis:
  Myiadestes genibarbisMS55
    |--M. g. genibarbisMS55
    `--M. g. sibilansMS55
    |--M. plumbeaMS55
    |    |--M. p. plumbeaMS55
    |    `--M. p. coryiMS55
    `--M. rubripesMS55
         |--M. r. rubripesMS55
         `--M. r. eremitaMS55
  Nesomimus trifasciatusL03
    |--N. t. trifasciatusL03
    |--N. t. barringtoni Rothschild 1898 [=N. carringtoni, N. parvulus barringtoni]L03
    |--N. t. bauri Ridgway 1894 [=N. parvulus bauri]L03
    |--N. t. hulli Rothschild 1898 [=N. parvulus hulli]L03
    |--N. t. melanotis (Gould 1837) [incl. N. adamsi Ridgway 1894]L03
    |--N. t. personatus Ridgway 1890 [=N. parvulus personatus; incl. N. bindloei Ridgway 1894]L03
    `--N. t. parvulus (Gould 1837) [incl. N. affinis Rothschild 1898]L03

Cinclocerthia gutturalis (Lafresnaye 1843)OF05 [=Ramphocinclus gutturalisOF05, C. ruficauda gutturalisMS55; incl. Necropsar leguati Forbes 1898OF05, *Orphanopsar leguatiOF05]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[F43] Fraser, L. 1843. On the collection of birds brought to England by Mr. Bridges. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 108–121.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L03] LeCroy, M. 2003. Type specimens of birds in the American Museum of Natural History. Part 5. Passeriformes: Alaudidae, Hirundinidae, Motacillidae, Campephagidae, Pycnonotidae, Irenidae, Laniidae, Vangidae, Bombycillidae, Dulidae, Cinclidae, Troglodytidae, and Mimidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 278: 1–156.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[MS55] Mertens, R., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Die im Senckenberg-Museum vorhandenen Arten ausgestorbener, aussterbender oder seltener Vögel. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (3–4): 241–265.

[OF05] Olson, S. L., R. C. Fleischer, C. T. Fisher & E. Bermingham. 2005. Expunging the ‘Mascarene starling’ Necropsar leguati: archives, morphology and molecules topple a myth. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 125 (1): 31–42.

[S66] Sclater, P. L. 1866. On the birds in the vicinity of Lima, Peru. With notes on their habits, by Prof. W. Nation, of Lima, C. M. Z. S. (Part I.) Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 96–100.

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