Swiss cheese plant Monstera deliciosa, photographed by Wouter Hagens.

Belongs within: Araceae.
Contains: Rhaphidophora.

The Monsteroideae are a group of aroid plants characterised by numerous trichosclereids in the vegetative and floral parts, and mostly aperigoniate bisexual flowers.

<==Monsteroideae [Anepsiadeae, Monsterinae]
|–Heteropsideae TB04
|    |–Alloschemone occidentalis TB04
|    |–Heteropsis oblongifolia TB04
|    |–Rhodospatha [incl. Anepsias, Atimeta] TB04
|    |    |–R. guanchensis TB04
|    |    `–+–R. falconense TB04
|    |       `–R. oblongata TB04
|    `–Stenospermation TB04
|         |–S. ulei TB04
|         `–+–S. multiovatum TB04
|            `–S. popayanense TB04
`–+–Spathiphylleae TB04
|    |–Mayoa Friis, Pedersen & Crane 2004 FPC04
|    |    `–*M. portugallica Friis, Pedersen & Crane 2004 FPC04
|    `–Spathiphyllum TB04
|         |–+–S. cannifolium TB04
|         |  `–Holochlamys beccarii TB04
|         `–+–S. patinii TB04
|            `–+–S. cochlearispathum TB04
|               `–S. wallisii TB04
`–Monstereae [Rhaphidophoreae] TB04
|–+–Rhaphidophora TB04
|  `–Anadendrum [Anadendreae] TB04
|       `–A. microstachyum TB04
|–+–Epipremnum TB04
|  |    |–E. falcifolium TB04
|  |    `–E. papuanum TB04
|  `–+–‘Rhaphidophora’ grallatrix TB04
|     `–Scindapsus [incl. Cuscuaria] TB04
|          |–S. aureus MH98
|          |–S. hederaceus TB04
|          |–S. longistipitatus TB04
|          `–S. pictus TB04
`–+–+–‘Epipremnum’ pinnatum TB04
|  `–Amydrium TB04
|       |–A. hainanense TB04
|       |–A. humile TB04
|       |–A. magnificum TB04
|       `–A. medium TB04
`–+–+–‘Rhaphidophora’ beccarii TB04
|  |–‘Rhaphidophora’ korthalsii TB04
|  |–‘Rhaphidophora’ latevaginata TB04
|  `–+–‘Rhaphidophora’ crassicaulis TB04
|     `–‘Rhaphidophora’ luchunensis TB04
`–Monstera [incl. Amomophyllum, Tornelia] TB04
|–M. deliciosa TB04
`–+–M. adansonii TB04
|    |–M. a. var. adansonii TB04
|    `–M. a. var. klotzschiana TB04
|–M. falcifolia TB04
`–M. obliqua TB04

*Type species of generic name indicated


[FPC04] Friis, E. M., K. R. Pedersen & P. R. Crane. 2004. Araceae from the Early Cretaceous of Portugal: evidence on the emergence of monocotyledons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101 (47): 16565–16570.

[MH98] Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. Plant, Cell and Environment 21: 180–190.

[TB04] Tam, S.-M., P. C. Boyce, T. M. Upson, D. Barabé, A. Bruneau, F. Forest & J. S. Parker. 2004. Intergeneric and infrafamilial phylogeny of subfamily Monsteroideae (Araceae) revealed by chloroplast trnL-F sequences. American Journal of Botany 91 (3): 490–498.

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