Mucoromycota

Sporangiophores of Umbelopsis ramanniana, copyright Alena Kubátová.

Belongs within: Opisthokonta.
Contains: Mucoraceae.

The Mucorales is a clade of mesotrophic fungi supported by molecular phylogenetic analysis (Meyer & Gams 2003). Mucorales are among the most abundant micro-organisms in soil and other organic-rich environments, and include many of the most familiar mould species.

<==Mucoromycota [Mucoromycetidae]AB19
    |--Mortierellaceae [Mortierellales, Mortierellomycetes, Mortierellomycota, Mortierellomycotina]JK06
    |    |  i. s.: Modicella Kanouse 1936KC01
    |    |         Aquamortierella Embree & Indoh 1967KC01
    |    |         GamsiellaAS12
    |    |--'Echinosporangium’ Malloch 1967 non Kylin 1956LK04, KC01
    |    |    `--*E. transversaleOL01, LK04
    |    `--+--Dissophora Thaxt. 1914OL01, KC01
    |       |    `--*D. decumbensOL01
    |       `--Mortierella Coem. 1863LK04, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
    |            |--M. chlamydosporaSSW01
    |            |--M. epigamaOL01
    |            |--M. hyalina (Harz) Gams 1969MG03
    |            |--M. longicollis Dixon-Stew 1932MG03
    |            |--M. multidivaricataSSW01
    |            |--M. polycephala Coemans 1863MG03
    |            |--M. pusillaMG03
    |            |--M. reticulata Toegh. & Le Monn. 1873MG03
    |            |--M. verticillataJK06
    |            `--M. wolfiiSSW01
    `--MucoromycotinaAB19
         |--Endogonales [Endogomycetes]AB19
         |    |  i. s.: Sphaerocreas Sacc. & Ellis 1882AB19, KC01
         |    `--EndogonaceaeT93
         |         |--Peridiospora Wu & Lin 1997KC01
         |         |--Sclerogone Warcup 1990KC01
         |         |--Youngiomyces Yao 1995KC01
         |         `--Endogone Link 1809JK06, AS12
         |              `--E. pisiformisJK06
         `--Mucorales [Chaetocladiaceae, Dicranophoraceae, Mycotyphaceae, Pilobolaceae, Radiomycetaceae, Thamnidiaceae]JK06
              |  i. s.: Chordostylum Tode 1790 (n. d.)KC01
              |         Herpocladiella Schröt. 1894 (n. d.) [incl. Herpocladium Schröt. 1886 non Mitt. 1873]KC01
              |         Mucorodium Zalessky 1915KC01
              |--MucoraceaeOL01
              `--Umbelopsis Amos & Barnett 1966 (see below for synonymy)MG03
                   |--+--U. vinacea (Dixon-Stew.) Arx 1984 (see below for synonymy)MG03
                   |  `--+--+--*U. versiformis Amos & Barnett 1966 (see below for synonymy)MG03
                   |     |  `--U. nana (Linnemann) Arx 1982 [=Mortierella nana Linnemann 1941]MG03
                   |     `--+--U. isabellina (Oudem.) Gams in Meyer & Gams 2003 (see below for synonymy)MG03
                   |        `--U. ovata (Yip) Yip 1986MG03
                   `--+--+--U. fusiformis Yip 1986MG03
                      |  `--+--U. swartii Yip 1986MG03
                      |     `--U. westeae Yip 1986MG03
                      `--+--U. gibberispora Sugiyama et al. 2003MG03
                         `--+--U. ramanniana (Möller) Gams 2003 (see below for synonymy)MG03
                            `--+--U. angularis Gams & Sugiyama in Sugiyama et al. 2003MG03
                               `--U. autotrophica (Evans) Gams 2003 [=Mortierella ramanniana var. autotrophica Evans 1971]MG03

Mortierella Coem. 1863LK04, KC01 [incl. Actinomortierella Chalab. 1968KC01, Azygozygum Chesters 1933KC01, Carnoya Dewèvre 1893KC01, Haplosporangium Thaxt. 1914KC01, Naumoviella Novot. 1950KC01]

Umbelopsis Amos & Barnett 1966 [incl. Mortierella subg. Micromucor Gams 1977, Micromucor (Gams) von Arx 1984 non Malchevskaya 1939 (nom. inv.); Umbelopsidaceae, Umbelopsidales, Umbelopsidomycetes]MG03

Umbelopsis isabellina (Oudem.) Gams in Meyer & Gams 2003 [=Mortierella isabellina Oudem. 1902, Micromucor isabellinus (Oudem.) Arx 1984]MG03

Umbelopsis ramanniana (Möller) Gams in Meyer & Gams 2003 [=Mucor ramannianus Möller 1903, *Micromucor ramannianus (Möller) Arx 1984, Mortierella ramanniana]MG03

*Umbelopsis versiformis Amos & Barnett 1966 [incl. Mortierella roseonana Gams & Gleeson 1976, U. roseonana (Gams &  Gleeson) Arx 1984]MG03

Umbelopsis vinacea (Dixon-Stew.) Arx 1984 [=Mortierella vinacea; incl. U. multispora Watanabe 1977, Micromucor ramannianus var. angulisporus Naumov ex Váňová 1991, Mortierella ramanniana var. angulispora, Mucor angulisporus Naumov 1935 (nom. inv.)]MG03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AB19] Adl, S. M., D. Bass, C. E. Lane, J. Lukeš, C. L. Schoch, A. Smirnov, S. Agatha, C. Berney, M. W. Brown, F. Burki, P. Cárdenas, I. Čepička, L. Chistyakova, J. del Campo, M. Dunthorn, B. Edvardsen, Y. Eglit, L. Guillou, V. Hampl, A. A. Heiss, M. Hoppenrath, T. Y. James, A. Karnkowska, S. Karpov, E. Kim, M. Kolisko, A. Kudryavtsev, D. J. G. Lahr, E. Lara, L. Le Gall, D. H. Lynn, D. G. Mann, R. Massana, E. A. D. Mitchell, C. Morrow, J. S. Park, J. W. Pawlowski, M. J. Powell, D. J. Richter, S. Rueckert, L. Shadwick, S. Shimano, F. W. Spiegel, G. Torruella, N. Youssef, V. Zlatogursky & Q. Zhang. 2019. Revisions to the classification, nomenclature, and diversity of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 66: 4–119.

[AS12] Adl, S. M., A. G. B. Simpson, C. E. Lane, J. Lukeš, D. Bass, S. S. Bowser, M. W. Brown, F. Burki, M. Dunthorn, V. Hampl, A. Heiss, M. Hoppenrath, E. Lara, E. Le Gall, D. H. Lynn, H. McManus, E. A. D. Mitchell, S. E. Mozley-Stanridge, L. W. Parfrey, J. Pawlowski, S. Rueckert, L. Shadwick, C. L. Schoch, A. Smirnov & F. W. Spiegel. 2012. The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–493.

[JK06] James, T. Y., F. Kauff, C. L. Schoch, P. B. Matheny, V. Hofstetter, C. J. Cox, G. Celio, C. Gueidan, E. Fraker, J. Miadlikowska, H. T. Lumbsch, A. Rauhut, V. Reeb, A. E. Arnold, A. Amtoft, J. E. Stajich, K. Hosaka, G.-H. Sung, D. Johnson, B. O’Rourke, M. Crockett, M. Binder, J. M. Curtis, J. C. Slot, Z. Wang, A. W. Wilson, A. Schüßler, J. E. Longcore, K. O’Donnell, S. Mozley-Standridge, D. Porter, P. M. Letcher, M. J. Powell, J. W. Taylor, M. M. White, G. W. Griffith, D. R. Davies, R. A. Humber, J. B. Morton, J. Sugiyama, A. Y. Rossman, J. D. Rogers, D. H. Pfister, D. Hewitt, K. Hansen, S. Hambleton, R. A. Shoemaker, J. Kohlmeyer, B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, R. A. Spotts, M. Serdani, P. W. Crous, K. W. Hughes, K. Matsuura, E. Langer, G. Langer, W. A. Untereiner, R. Lücking, B. Büdel, D. M. Geiser, A. Aptroot, P. Diederich, I. Schmitt, M. Schultz, R. Yahr, D. S. Hibbett, F. Lutzoni, D. J. McLaughlin, J. W. Spatafora & R. Vilgalys. 2006. Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny. Nature 443: 818–822.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[LK04] Lutzoni, F., F. Kauff, C. J. Cox, D. McLaughlin, G. Celio, B. Dentinger, M. Padamsee, D. Hibbett, T. Y. James, E. Baloch, M. Grube, V. Reeb, V. Hofstetter, C. Schoch, A. E. Arnold, J. Miadlikowska, J. Spatafora, D. Johnson, S. Hambleton, M. Crockett, R. Shoemaker, G.-H. Sung, R. Lücking, T. Lumbsch, K. O’Donnell, M. Binder, P. Diederich, D. Ertz, C. Gueidan, K. Hansen, R. C. Harris, K. Hosaka, Y.-W. Lim, B. Matheny, H. Nishida, D. Pfister, J. Rogers, A. Rossman, I. Schmitt, H. Sipman, J. Stone, J. Sugiyama, R. Yahr & R. Vilgalys. 2004. Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits. American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1446–1480.

[MG03] Meyer, W., & W. Gams. 2003. Delimitation of Umbelopsis (Mucorales, Umbelopsidaceae fam. nov.) based on ITS sequence and RFLP data. Mycological Research 107 (3): 339–350.

[OL01] O’Donnell, K., F. M. Lutzoni, T. J. Ward & G. L. Benny. 2001. Evolutionary relationships among mucoralean fungi (Zygomycota): evidence for family polyphyly on a large scale. Mycologia 93 (2): 286–297.

[SSW01] Schüßler, A., D. Schwarzott & C. Walker. 2001. A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota: phylogeny and evolution. Mycological Research 105 (12): 1413–1421.

[T93] Taylor, T. N. 1993. Fungi. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 9–13. Chapman & Hall: London.

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