Grey mullet Mugil cephalus, copyright Diego Delso.

Belongs within: Carangimorpharia.

The Mugilidae, mullets, are coastal marine to freshwater fishes that feed on vegetable matter, mud and detritus (Thompson 2002).

Characters (from Thompson 2002): Two dorsal fins, first with weak spines and second with rays. Teeth small or absent; gill rakers long; alimentary tract consisting of gizzard, thick-walled stomach, and long, coiled intestine. Coelomic lining black.

Mugilidae [Mugiliformes, Mugiloidei, Mugilomorphae]
|--Aldrichetta forsteri (Valenciennes 1836)PC01
|--Trachystoma petardiG75
|--Cestraeus goldiei (Macleay 1884) [=Aeschrichthys goldiei; incl. Mugil broussoneti Duncker & Mohr 1926]M58
|--Mugilidarum debilis Koken 1883P93
| |--C. auratus (Risso 1810)KC-L22
| |--C. labrosusBSRM00
| `--C. ramada (Risso 1827)KC-L22
| |--R. corsulaB96
| `--R. nasutus (DeVis 1883) [=Mugil nasutus, Squalomugil nasutus]M58
| |--V. buchanani (Bleeker 1853) [=Mugil buchanani]M58
| `--V. seheli (Forskål 1775) (see below for synonymy)M58
| |--C. crenilabis (Forskål 1775) (see below for synonymy)M58
| `--C. labiosus (Valenciennes 1836) [=Mugil labiosus; incl. M. papillosus Macleay 1884, Oedalechilus papillosus]M58
| |--M. birarae (Duncker & Mohr 1926) [=Agonostoma birarae]M58
| |--M. elongatusG75
| `--M. trimaculatus Klunzinger 1870 [=Agonostoma trimaculatus]M58
| |--A. diemenensisTW76
| |--A. forsteriYT27
| |--A. monticolaR86
| `--A. percoidesF16
| |--L. amarulaJR10
| |--L. argentea [incl. Mugil australis, Oedalechilus kesteveni]G75
| |--L. diademaG75
| |--L. dumeriliEA03
| |--L. dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) (see below for synonymy)M58
| |--L. falcipinnisEA03
| |--L. grandisquamisEA03
| |--L. haematocheilaT90
| |--L. macrolepis (Smith 1849) [=Mugil macrolepis]AC90
| |--L. melinoptera (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836)AC90 (see below for synonymy)
| |--L. oligolepis (Bleeker 1858-1859) [=Mugil oligolepis]M58
| |--L. ramadaBAH03
| |--L. strongylocephalus (Richardson 1846) [=Mugil strongylocephalus]M58
| |--L. tade (Forsskål 1775)AC90 [=Mugil crenilabis tadeAC90; incl. M. belanak Weber 1908M58, M. planiceps Weber 1913M58]
| |--L. troscheliJR10
| `--L. vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) (see below for synonymy)M58
`--Mugil Linnaeus 1758L58
|--*M. cephalus Linnaeus 1758L58 [incl. M. cephalotusJR10]
|--M. atherinoides Duncker & Mohr 1926M58
|--M. auratus [incl. M. chelo, M. maderensis Lowe 1839]L43
|--M. bananensisEA03
|--M. brasiliensisF16
|--M. brevicepsO97
|--M. cunnesius Valenciennes 1836M58
|--M. curema Valenciennes 1836T02
|--M. dobulaH09
|--M. engeli Bleeker 1858-1859M58
|--M. georgiiG75
|--M. kelaartiiJR10
|--M. longimanusJR10
|--M. princeps Agassiz 1843P93
|--M. sordidus Duncker & Mohr 1926M58
|--M. speigleri Bleeker 1858M58
|--M. subviridisJR10
|--M. trichodonF16
`--M. troschelii Bleeker 1858-1859M58

Inorganic: Mugil cephalus minilorientalus Okamura 1987O87

Crenimugil crenilabis (Forskål 1775)M58 [=Mugil crenilabisM58; incl. M. cirrhostomus Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836M58, M. heterochilus Duncker & Mohr 1926M58, Crenimugil heterocheilosT90]

Liza dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) [=Mugil dussumieri; incl. Mu. compressus Macleay 1884, Moolgarda pura Whitley 1949, Mu. sundanensis Macleay 1883]M58

Liza melinoptera (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836)AC90 [=Mugil melinopterusAC90; incl. M. ceramensis Bleeker 1852AC90, M58, Liza ceramensisM58]

Liza vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) [=Mugil vaigiensis, Ellochelon vaigiensis, Liza waigiensis, Mugil waigiensis; incl. M. macrolepidotus Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836, M. rossi de Beaufort 1913, M. tegobuan Thiollière 1857]M58

Valamugil seheli (Forskål 1775) [=Mugil seheli; incl. M. axillaris Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836, M. bleekeri de Beaufort 1913, M. caeruleomaculatus Bleeker 1868, Liza caeruleomaculatus]M58

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AC90] Allen, G. R., & D. Coates. 1990. An ichthyological survey of the Sepik River, Papua New Guinea. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 34: 31–116.

[BAH03] Bahri, S., K. B. Andree & R. P. Hedrick. 2003. Morphological and phylogenetic studies of marine Myxobolus spp. from mullet in Ichkeul Lake, Tunisia. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 50 (6): 463–470.

[BSRM00] Ben Souissi, J., M. Rezig & M. Mazghouni. 2000. Bioaccumulation de quelques polluants métalliques chez des animaux comestibles du Lac Sud de Tunis. Bulletin de la Societe Zoologique de France 125: 27–35.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[EA03] Écoutin, J.-M., & J.-J. Albaret. 2003. Relation longueur-poids pour 52 espèces de poissons des estuaires et lagunes de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. Cybium 27 (1): 3–9.

[F16] Fowler, H. W. 1916. The fishes of Trinidad, Grenada, and St. Lucia, British West Indies. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (3): 520–548.

[G75] Grant, E. M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. The Co-ordinator-General’s Department: Brisbane (Australia).

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[KC-L22] Kmentová, N., A. J. Cruz-Laufer, A. Pariselle, K. Smeets, T. Artois & M. P. M. Vanhove. 2022. Dactylogyridae 2022: a meta-analysis of phylogenetic studies and generic diagnoses of parasitic flatworms using published genetic and morphological data. International Journal for Parasitology 52: 427–457.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L43] Lowe, R. T. 1843. On the fishes of Madeira. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 81–95.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: a check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted: 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin no. 1).

[O97] Ogilby, J. D. 1897. On some Australian Eleotrinae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (4): 725–757.

[O87] Okamura, C. 1987. New facts: Homo and all Vertebrata were born simultaneously in the former Paleozoic in Japan. Original Report of the Okamura Fossil Laboratory 15: 347–573.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[PC01] Pichelin, S., & T. H. Cribb. 2001. The status of the Diplosentidae (Acanthocephala: Palaeacanthocephala) and a new family of acanthocephalans from Australian wrasses (Pisces: Labridae). Folia Parasitologica 48: 289–303.

[R86] Rivas, L. R. 1986. Comments on Briggs (1984): freshwater fishes and biogeography of Central America and the Antilles. Systematic Zoology 35 (4): 633–639.

[T90] Taguchi, S. 1990. Nihon no Sakana. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[TW76] Tenison Woods, J. E. 1876. Description of new Tasmanian shells. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1875: 134–162.

[T02] Thompson, B. A. 2002. Mullets. Family Mugilidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 276–280. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[YT27] Young, M., & G. M. Thomson. 1927. Occurrence of pilchards and sprats in New Zealand seas. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 314–319.

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