House mouse Mus musculus, copyright Amirekul.

Belongs within: Murinae.

Mus is a genus of small mice native to Eurasia and Africa, of which the house mouse M. musculus has become distributed globally in association with humans.

<==Mus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--+--+--M. crociduroidesFS15
    |  |  `--M. mayoriFS15
    |  `--+--M. pahariFS15
    |     `--M. vulcaniFS15
    `--+--+--M. fernandoniFS15
       |  |--M. phillipsiFS15
       |  |--M. platythrixFS15
       |  `--M. saxicolaFS15
       `--+--+--+--M. caroliFS15
          |  |  `--+--M. cervicolorFS15
          |  |     `--M. cookiiFS15
          |  `--+--+--+--M. boodugaFS15
          |     |  |  `--M. fragilicaudaFS15
          |     |  `--+--M. famulusFS15
          |     |     `--M. terricolorFS15
          |     `--+--M. spretusFS15
          |        `--+--M. musculus Linnaeus 1758FS15, OB13 (see below for synonymy)
          |           |    |--M. m. musculusCV02
          |           |    |--M. m. brevirostris Waterhouse 1837KK54
          |           |    |--M. m. canacorum Revilliod 1914R14
          |           |    |--M. m. domesticus Rutty 1772CV02, K92
          |           |    |--M. m. gentilisH23
          |           |    `--M. m. praetextus Brants 1827KK54
          |           `--+--M. spicilegusFS15
          |              `--+--M. cypriacusFS15
          |                 `--M. macedonicusFS15
          `--+--+--+--M. baouleiFS15
             |  |  `--M. sorellaFS15
             |  `--+--M. bufoFS15
             |     `--+--M. tritonFS15
             |        `--+--+--M. goundaeFS15
             |           |  `--M. orangiaeFS15
             |           `--+--M. mahometFS15
             |              `--M. setulosusFS15
             `--+--+--M. mattheyiFS15
                |  `--+--M. haussaFS15
                |     `--M. oubanguiiFS15
                `--+--M. indutusFS15
                   `--+--+--M. callewaertiFS15
                      |  `--+--M. musculoidesFS15
                      |     `--M. setzeriFS15
                      `--+--M. minutoidesFS15
                         `--+--M. neaveiFS15
                            `--M. tenellusFS15 [=Leggada tenellaRR75]
Mus incertae sedis:
  M. agrariusP66
  M. alexandrinusS66
  M. amphibius Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. avellanarius Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. beavanii Peters 1866P66
  M. castaneus Waterhouse 1842W42
  M. cricetus Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. floridanus Ord in James 1823J23
  M. giganteusG42
  M. jaculus Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. kasaicusIT07
  M. lemmus Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. leporinus Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. longicaudatusB43
  M. longipes Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. marmota Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. meridianusO00b
  M. minotaurus Bate 1942AC98
  M. minutus Pallas 1779B-H00
    |--M. m. minutusB-H00
    |--M. m. agilis (Dehne 1841)B-H00
    |--M. m. campestris Desmarest 1822B-H00
    |--M. m. minimus White 1789 [incl. M. messorius Kerr 1792]B-H00
    `--M. m. pratensis de Ockskay 1831 [incl. M. arundinaceus (Petenyi 1881)]B-H00
  M. molossinusWC85
  M. porcellus Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. poschiavinus Fatio 1868BP87, W78
  M. sagittaO00b
  M. striatus Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. tazamacaG43
  M. tectorumT66
  M. teguinaG43
  M. terrestris Linnaeus 1758L58
  M. trivirgatusD60
  M. typhlus Olivier 1800O00a

Mus musculus Linnaeus 1758FS15, OB13 [incl. M. adelaidensis Gray 1841WA81, M. formosanusK92, M. pachyurus Higgins & Petterd 1884WA81, M. petterdi Trouessart 1904WA81, M. simsoni Higgins & Petterd 1883WA81]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AC98] Alcover, J. A., X. Campillo, M. Macias & A. Sans. 1998. Mammal species of the world: additional data on insular mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248: 1–29.

[B-H00] Barrett-Hamilton, G. E. H. 1900. Further note on the harvest-mouse (Mus minutus, Pallas) and its geographical variations. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 527–530.

[B43] Bridges, T. 1843. On the habits of some of the smaller Chilian rodents. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 129–132.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[CV02] Cucchi, T., J.-D. Vigne, J.-C. Auffray, P. Croft & E. Peltenburg. 2002. Introduction involontaire de la souris domestique (Mus musculus domesticus) à Chypre dès le Néolithique précéramique ancien (fin IXe et VIIIe millénaires av. J.-C.) Comptes Rendus Palevol 1: 235–241.

[D60] Domrow, R. 1960. Some Acarina Haemogamasidae from Malaya. Acarologia 2 (4): 434–441.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[G42] Gould, J. 1842. On some new species of Australian mammals. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 10–14.

[G43] Gray, J. E. 1843. Specimens of Mammalia from Coban in Central America. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 79.

[H23] Hirst, S. 1923. On some new or little-known species of Acari. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 971–1000.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[J23] James, E. 1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 and ’20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, sec’y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party vol. 1. H. C. Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia.

[KK54] Klemmer, K., & H. E. Krampitz. 1954. Zur Kenntnis der Säugetierfauna Siziliens. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35 (3–4): 121–135.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[OB13] O’Leary, M. A., J. I. Bloch, J. J. Flynn, T. J. Gaudin, A. Giallombardo, N. P. Giannini, S. L. Goldberg, B. P. Kraatz, Z.-X. Luo, J. Meng, X. Ni, M. J. Novacek, F. A. Perini, Z. S. Randall, G. W. Rougier, E. J. Sargis, M. T. Silcox, N. B. Simmons, M. Spaulding, P. M. Velazco, M. Weksler, J. R. Wible & A. L. Cirranello. 2013. The placental mammal ancestor and the post-K–Pg radiation of placentals. Science 339: 662–667.

[O00a] Olivier, M. 1800a. Observations sur le Mus typhlus. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societé Philomathique de Paris 2 (38): 105–106.

[O00b] Olivier, M. 1800b. Observations sur les gerboises. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societé Philomathique de Paris 2 (40): 121.

[P66] Peters, W. 1866. Note on a collection of mice made by Capt. E. C. Beavan at Maubhoum in 1865. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 558–559.

[RR75] Rausch, R. L., & V. R. Rausch. 1975. Relationships of the red-backed vole, Clethrionomys rutilus (Pallas), in North America: karyotypes of the subspecies dawsoni and albiventer. Systematic Zoology 24 (2): 163–170.

[R14] Revilliod, P. 1914. Les mammifères de la Nouvell-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 4 pp. 341–365, pl. 10. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419–426.

[T66] Tristram, H. B. 1866. Report on the mammals of Palestine. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 84–93.

[W42] Waterhouse, G. R. 1842. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Mus. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 145–146.

[WA81] Watts, C. H. S., & H. J. Aslin. 1981. The Rodents of Australia. Angus & Robertson Publishers.

[W78] White, M. J. D. 1978. Chain processes in chromosomal speciation. Systematic Zoology 27 (3): 285–298.

[WC85] Wilson, A. C., R. L. Cann, S. M. Carr, M. George, U. B. Gyllensten, K. M. Helm-Bychowski, R. G. Higuchi, S. R. Palumbi, E. M. Prager, R. D. Sage & M. Stoneking. 1985. Mitochondrial DNA and two perspectives on evolutionary genetics. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 26: 375-400.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *