Cape myrtle Myrsine africana, copyright A. Barra.

Belongs within: Primulales.

Myrsine is a widespread genus of trees and shrubs with simple leathery leaves; flowers and fruits often do not develop until after leaves are shed and so appear naked on the branches (Allan 1961).

Characters (from Allan 1961). Flowers 4–5-merous, perfect to unisexual, usually in cymose fascicles, sometimes solitary. Sepals free or connate towards base; petals free or partly connate. Staminal filaments obsolete to evident, free or more or less adnate to petals; anthers dorsifixed. Style obsolete to evident; stigma capitate. Ovary superior; fruit a one-seeded globose drupe; fruits often not maturing until year after flowering. Calyx and style long-persistent.

<==Myrsine Linnaeus 1753A61
|--*M. africanaA61 [incl. M. retusaC55b]
|--M. acranthaJ87
|--M. australis (Rich.) Allan 1947A61 (see below for synonymy)
|--M. chathamica Muell. 1864 [=Rapanea chathamica (Muell.) Oliver 1951, Suttonia chathamica (Muell.) Mez 1902]A61
|--M. coriacea (Sw.) Br. ex Roem. & Schult. in L. 1819 (see below for synonymy)L95
|--M. coxii Cockayne 1902 [=Rapanea coxii (Cockayne) Oliver 1951, Suttonia coxii Cockayne 1903]A61
|--M. dependensC55a
|--M. divaricata Cunn. 1839A61 (see below for synonymy)
|--M. floridana DC. 1834L95
|--M. kermadecensis Cheesem. 1892 [=Rapanea kermadecensis (Cheesem.) Mez 1902, Suttonia kermadecensis Cheesem. 1925]A61
|--M. kimberleyensisLK14
|--M. magnoliifoliaJ87
|--M. montana Hooker 1864 (see below for synonymy)A61
|--M. nubicolaJ87
|--M. nummularia Hooker 1864 [=Suttonia nummularia Hooker 1854, Rapanea nummularia (Hooker) Oliver 1951]A61
|--M. oliveri Allan 1961 [=Suttonia dentata Oliver 1948 non M. dentata Spreng. 1828, Rapanea dentata Oliver 1951]A61
|--M. rapaneaC55a
|--M. salicina Heward ex Hooker 1864 [=Suttonia salicina Hooker 1844, Rapanea salicina (Hooker) Mez 1902]A61
|--M. semiserrataD07
|--M. trinitatisL95
`--M. variabilisH87

Myrsine australis (Rich.) Allan 1947A61 [=Suttonia australis Rich. 1832A61, Rapanea australis (Rich.) Oliver 1951A61; incl. M. richardiana Endl. 1836A61, M. urvillei DC. 1834A61, Rapanea urvilleiC06]

Myrsine coriacea (Sw.) Br. ex Roem. & Schult. in L. 1819 [=Samara coriacea Sw. 1788, Rapanea coriacea (Sw.) Mez in Urb. 1901; incl. Myrsine berterii DC. 1834, Caballeria ferruginea Ruiz & Pavon 1798, M. ferruginea (Ruiz & Pavon) Spreng. in L. 1825, Rapanea ferruginea (Ruiz & Pavon) Mez in Urb. 1901]L95

Myrsine divaricata Cunn. 1839A61 [=Rapanea divaricata (Cunn.) Oliver 1951A61, Suttonia divaricata (Cunn.) Hook. f. 1844A61; incl. M. pendula Colenso 1889C06]

Myrsine montana Hooker 1864 [=Suttonia divaricata var. montana Hooker 1854, Rapanea montana (Hooker) Oliver 1951; incl. Myrsine neo-zealandensis Colenso 1890, Suttonia novo-zelandensis (Colenso) Mez 1902]A61

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 79–88.

[H87] Haviland, E. 1887. Flowering seasons of Australian plants. No. II. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1103–1104.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[L95] Liogier, H. A. 1995. Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: Spermatophyta-Dicotyledoneae vol. 4. Melastomataceae to Lentibulariaceae. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *