Mytilidae

 Inoperna plicata, from here.

Belongs within: Pteriomorphia.
Contains: BrachidontesMusculus, Modiolaria, Modiolus, Perna, Lithophaga, Mytilus, Crenella.

The Mytilidae are the mussels, a family of originally epifaunal, byssally-attached bivalves. Identifiable examples of this family are known in the fossil record from the Devonian (Skelton & Benton 1993). Free-living species are commonly nestling, forming distinct colonies. The beak of the shell is at the anterior end in Mytilinae but slightly behind the anterior in Modiolinae. Members of the subfamily Lithophaginae have become borers into their rock substrate. The Pacific genus Adula is characterised by an elongate, cylindrical shell with the beak behind the anterior margin and a thickened anterodorsal margin. The Crenellinae include byssally attached, infaunal and boring species in which the lobes of the mantle are anteroventrally fused (Beesley et al. 1998).

<==Mytilidae
    |--+--ModiolinaeH00
    |  |    |--ModiolusPC11
    |  |    |--Modiolula phaseolinaPC11
    |  |    |--PernaH00
    |  |    |--AdipicolaBRW98
    |  |    |--Lioberus castaneus (Say 1822)BRW98, S-S90
    |  |    `--ModiolusiaBRW98
    |  `--LithophaginaeCS04
    |       |--LithophagaPC11
    |       |--AmygdalumF26
    |       |    |--A. beddomei Iredale 1924MG-H11
    |       |    `--A. watsoni Smith 1895MG-H11
    |       |--Zelithophaga Finlay 1927F26
    |       |    |--*Z. truncata (Gray 1843)P61 [=Lithodomus truncatusP61, Lithophaga truncataF26]
    |       |    `--Z. nelsoniana [=Lithophaga nelsoniana]F26
    |       |--AdulaH00
    |       |    |--A. cinnamomea [=Lithodomus cinnamomeus, L. cinnamominus]C64
    |       |    |--A. falcata [incl. A. gruneri]C64
    |       |    `--A. stylina Carpenter 1864C64
    |       `--Inoperna Conrad in Kerr 1875 [incl. Pharomytilus Rollier 1914-1915]H00
    |            |--*I. carolinensis Conrad in Kerr 1875 [=Modiolus (Inoperna) carolinensis]H00
    |            |--I. lilliputensis Hodges 2000H00
    |            `--I. plicata Sowerby 1819 (see below for synonymy)H00
    `--+--MytilasterPC11
       |    |--M. lineatusCS77
       |    `--M. monterosatoiP75
       `--+--MytilinaeG88
          |    |--MytilusPC11
          |    |--Limnoperna fortuneiG88, M96
          |    |--AustromytilusBRW98
          |    |    |--A. australisBRW98
          |    |    `--A. rostratusBRW98
          |    `--XenostrobusBRW98
          |         |--X. atrata (Lischke 1871)XZ10
          |         |--X. pulexHS01
          |         `--X. securisHS01
          `--CrenellinaeBRW98
               |--CrenellaS98
               |--LanistinaBRW98
               |--TibialectusBRW98
               |--MusculistaPC11
               |    |--M. glaberrima (Dunker 1857)S-S90
               |    `--M. senhousia (Benson in Cantor 1842)PC11, HJ08
               `--Gregariella Monterosato 1884P61 [incl. Trichomusculus Iredale 1924P61, F26]
                    |--*G. sulcata [=Modiolus sulcatus]P61
                    |--G. barbata (Reeve 1858)P61 [=Lithodomus barbatusH09, Modiolaria barbataF26, *Trichomusculus barbatusF26]
                    `--G. petagnaeBBB-S95
Mytilidae incertae sedis:
  Geukensia demissaGW02
    |--G. d. demissaDK89
    `--G. d. granosissima Sowerby 1914DK89
  BrachidontesF26
  Aulacomya Moerch 1853P61
    |--*A. magellanica (Lamarck 1819)P61, F26 [=Mytilus magellanicusP61]
    |--A. ater (Molina 1782)GO78
    `--A. maoriana (Iredale 1915)P61 [=Mytilus (Aulacomya) maorianusF26, Brachyodontes maorianusF26]
  Trichomya Ihering 1924F26
    |--T. hirsuta (Lamarck 1819)F26, H09 [=Mytilus hirsutusF26, Brachyodontes hirsutusH09]
    |--T. huttoni [=Mytilus huttoni]F26
    |--T. rostrata [=Mytilus rostratus]F26
    `--T. torquata (Marshall 1918) [=Mytilus torquatus]F26
  MusculusM54
  Crenomytilus grayanus (Dunker 1853)VKK10
  Solamen Iredale 1924DK08
    |  i. s.: S. spectabilis (Adams 1862)XZ10
    `--S. (Exosiperna Iredale 1929)DK08
         `--S. globularis (Tate 1886) [=Crenella globularis]DK08
  BotulaBW09
    |--B. fusca (Gmelin 1791)BW09
    |--B. silicula (Lamarck 1819)BW09
    `--B. vagina (Lamarck 1819)K90
  Septifer Recluz 1848P61
    |--*S. bilocularis (Linnaeus 1758)P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |--S. bifurcatus [=Mytilus bifurcatus]C64
    |--S. cumingianus [=Mytilus cumingianus]C64
    |--S. curvirostrisG31
    `--‘Mytilus’ mutabilis Gould 1861C64
  Stavelia Gray 1858W60
    `--S. horrida Récluz 1852WMJ09 [=Mytilus horridusH09]
  Falcimytilus Cox 1937W60
  Ryenella Fleming 1959P61
    |--*R. impacta (Hermann 1782) [=Mytilus impactus]P61
    `--R. cumingiana (Dunker 1857) [=Musculus cumingianus]S-S90
  Dacrydium [Dacrydiinae]P61
    |  i. s.: D. vitreumHG98
    |         D. viviparumBRW98
    `--D. (Quendreda Iredale 1936)P61
         |--D. (*Q.) fabaleP61
         `--D. (Q.) pelseneeri Hedley 1906P61
  SinomytilusG88
  ArcuatulaC96
  ChoromytilusJB12
  PhthoniaJB12
  PletomytilusJB12
  PromytilusJB12
  Mytilops precedens (Hall 1870)SB93
  ModiolariaC64
  Bathymodiolus Kenk & Wilson 1985AJH07 [BathymodiolinaeBRW98]
    `--B. breviorR01
  IschadiumBRW98
  ModiolatusK90
    |--*M. plicatus (Gmelin 1791) [=Mytilus plicatus]S-S90
    `--M. hanleyi (Dunker 1882)K90
  Volsellina Newell 1942DX84
    `--V. zhesiensis Liang in Ding, Xia et al. 1984DX84

Inoperna plicata Sowerby 1819 [=Mytilus plicatus non Gmelin 1791 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.), *Pharomytilus plicatus]H00

*Septifer bilocularis (Linnaeus 1758)P61 [=Mytilus bilocularisP61, Brachyodontes (Septifer) bilocularisS-S90; incl. M. efflugensBRW98]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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[BRW98] Beesley, P. L., G. J. B. Ross & A. Wells (eds) 1998. Fauna of Australia vol. 5. Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Part A. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[BBB-S95] Boubezari, K., G. Bitar & D. Bellan-Santini. 1995. Structure et organisation de trois moulières (Mytilus galloprovincialis et Perna perna) de la région d’Alger. Mésogée 54: 63–72.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[CS04] Carter, J. G., & G. D. Stanley Jr. 2004. Late Triassic gastrochaenid and lithophaginid borings (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from Nevada (USA) and Austria. Journal of Paleontology 78 (1): 230–234.

[C96] Crame, J. A. 1996. Evolution of high-latitude molluscan faunas. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 119–131. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[DK89] Deaton, L. E., & K. D. Kempler. 1989. Occurrence of the ribbed mussel, Geukensia demissa, on the book gills of a horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus. Nautilus 103 (1): 42.

[DX84] Ding Y., Xia G., Duan C., Li W., Liu X. & Liang Z. 1984. Study on the early Permian stratigraphy and fauna in Zhesi district, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu (Inner Mongolia). Bulletin Tianjin Institure Geol. Min. Res. 10.

[F26] Finlay, H. J. 1926. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[GO78] Gallardo S., C., & C. Osorio R. 1978. Hiatella solida (Sowerby, 1834) (Mollusca: Hiatellidae) on Concholepas concholepas (Bruguière, 1789) and other substrates. Veliger 20 (3): 274–278.

[GW02] Giribet, G., & W. Wheeler. 2002. On bivalve phylogeny: a high-level analysis of the Bivalvia (Mollusca) based on combined morphology and DNA sequence data. Invertebrate Biology 121 (4): 271–324.

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

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[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H00] Hodges, P. 2000. The Early Jurassic Bivalvia from the Hettangian and Lower Sinemurian of south-west Britain. Part. 1. Monograph of the Paleontographical Society 614: 1–64.

[HG98] Holte, B., & B. Gulliksen. 1998. Common macrofaunal dominant species in the sediments of some north Norwegian and Svalbard glacial fjords. Polar Biology 19: 375–382.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[JB12] Johnson, M. E., & B. G. Baarli. 2012. Development of intertidal biotas through Phanerozoic time. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 63–128. Springer.

[K90] Kendrick, G. W. 1990. A Pleistocene molluscan fauna with Anadara trapezia (Deshayes) (Bivalvia: Arcoida) from the Dampier Limestone of Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 33–48. Western Australian Museum.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[M96] Morton, B. 1996. The evolutionary history of the Bivalvia. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 337–359. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[PC11] Plazzi, F., A. Ceregato, M. Taviani & M. Passamonti. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of bivalve mollusks: ancient radiations and divergences as revealed by mitochondrial genes. PLoS One 6 (11): e27147.

[P75] Por, F. D. 1975. Pleistocene pulsation and preadaptation of biotas in Mediterranean seas: consequences for Lessepsian migration. Systematic Zoology 24 (1): 72–78.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[R01] Reysenbach, A.-L. 2001. Phylum BII. Thermotogae phy. nov. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 369–387. Springer.

[SB93] Skelton, P. W., & M. J. Benton. 1993. Mollusca: Rostroconchia, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 237–263. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S-S90] Slack-Smith, S. M. 1990. The bivalves of Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 129–157. Western Australian Museum.

[S98] Stilwell, J. D. 1998. Late Cretaceous Mollusca from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Alcheringa 22 (1): 29–85.

[VKK10] Vekhova, E. E., M. I. Kusaykin & K. V. Kiselev. 2010. The phytoplankton contribution to the diet of some mussel species (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from different parts of the Sea of Japan. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 104–108. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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[WMJ09] Wells, F. E., M. Mulligan & D. S. Jones. 2009. Prevention of introduction of species brought into Geraldton Harbour, Western Australia, by the dredge Leonardo da Vinci. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (2): 153–158.

 

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