Mytilus

 Blue mussels Mytilus edulis, copyright Hans Hillewaert.

Belongs within: Mytilidae.

Mytilus is a cosmopolitan genus of mussels bearing an elongate, wedge-shaped shell with a terminal beak. Species are commonly exploited for food, such as the blue mussel M. edulis and the California mussel M. californianus.

<==Mytilus Linnaeus 1758P61
    |--*M. edulis Linnaeus 1758P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--M. e. edulisP61
    |    |--M. e. aoteanus Powell 1958P61
    |    |--M. e. chilensis Hupe 1854C96, GO78
    |    |--M. e. desolationis Lamy 1936C96, T-Q84
    |    |--M. e. diegensisS59
    |    `--M. e. planulatus Lamarck 1819HJ08
    |--M. adriaticusN79
    |--M. americanus [incl. M. tulipa]G79
    |--M. barbatus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--M. brasiliensis [incl. M. guianensis, M. semifusca]G79
    |--M. californianus Conrad 1837R78
    |--M. canaliculatusB64
    |--M. castaneus Lightfoot 1786K65
    |--M. coruscus Gould 1861XZ10
    |--M. domingensisG79
    |--M. exustus Linnaeus 1758L58 [incl. M. citrinusG79, M. sulcataG79]
    |--M. humerus Conrad 1855C64
    |--M. hyotis Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--M. incertusW70
    |--M. inezensisC64
    |--M. inflatus Muller 1849F27
    |--M. latusH86
    |--M. ligneusG79
    |--M. linguloides (Huddleston 1884) (see below for synonymy)F27
    |--M. minganensis Mighels 1844J49
    |--M. mirabilis (Lepsius 1878) [=Gervillea mirabilis]W60
    |--M. multiformis [incl. M. adamsianus Dkr. 1856]C64
    |--M. mytilusP75
    |--M. nicobarica [incl. M. nicobarica var. kraussii]B79
    |--M. palliopunctatusC64
    |--M. pernaPP64
    |--M. phaseolinusJ79
    |--M. primulafontensis Etheridge 1902F71
    |--M. ruber Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--M. smaragdinusH79
    |--M. sphinxW70
    |--M. splendensC64
    |--M. tasmanicus Tenison Woods 1876TW76
    |--M. tenuistriatusPB27
    |--M. trossulus Gould 1950VKK10
    |--M. unguis Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--M. ungulatus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--M. variabilisP71
    `--M. viridis Linnaeus 1758L58

*Mytilus edulis Linnaeus 1758P61 [=M. (Eumytilus) edulisF26; incl. M. edulis var. galloprovincialis Lamarck 1819G84, XZ10, M. glomeratusC64, M. pedroanus Conrad 1855C64]

Mytilus linguloides (Huddleston 1884) [=Modiola linguloides; incl. My. inflatus Moore 1870 non Muller 1849, My. moorei Cossmann 1907]F27

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B64] Bennett, E. W. 1964. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Crustacea Brachyura. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 153: 1–120.

[B79] Brazier, J. 1879. List of marine shells collected on Fitzroy Island, north coast of Australia; with notes on their geographical range. Journal of Conchology 2: 186–199.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C96] Crame, J. A. 1996. Evolution of high-latitude molluscan faunas. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 119–131. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[F26] Finlay, H. J. 1926. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[GO78] Gallardo S., C., & C. Osorio R. 1978. Hiatella solida (Sowerby, 1834) (Mollusca: Hiatellidae) on Concholepas concholepas (Bruguière, 1789) and other substrates. Veliger 20 (3): 274–278.

[G84] Gosling, E. M. 1984. The systematic status of Mytilus galloprovincialis in western Europe: a review. Malacologia 25 (2): 551–568.

[G79] Guppy, R. J. L. 1879. First sketch of a marine invertebrate fauna of the Gulf of Paria and its neighbourhood. Part I.—Mollusca. Journal of Conchology 2: 151–172.

[H79] Haast, J. von. 1879. Geology of the Provinces of Canterbury and Westland, New Zealand. A report comprising the results of official explorations. “Times” Office: Christchurch.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[H86] Hutton, F. W. 1886. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

[J79] Jeffreys, J. G. 1879. Notes on Colonel Montagu’s collection of British shells. Journal of Conchology 2: 1–4.

[J49] Johnson, R. I. 1949. Jesse Wedgwood Mighels with a bibliography and a catalogue of his species. Occasional Papers on Mollusks 1 (14): 213–231.

[K65] Kay, E. A. 1965. The Reverend John Lightfoot, Daniel Solander, and the Portland Catalogue. Nautilus 79 (1): 10–19.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[PB27] Pilsbry, H. A., & J. Bequaert. 1927. The aquatic mollusks of the Belgian Congo, with a geographical and ecological account of Congo malacology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 53 (2): 69–602, pls 10–77.

[P71] Por, F. D. 1971. One hundred years of Suez Canal—a century of Lessepsian migration: retrospect and viewpoints. Systematic Zoology 20 (2): 138–159.

[P75] Por, F. D. 1975. Pleistocene pulsation and preadaptation of biotas in Mediterranean seas: consequences for Lessepsian migration. Systematic Zoology 24 (1): 72–78.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[R78] Reid, R. G. B. 1978. The systematic, adaptive and physiological significance of proteolytic enzyme distribution in bivalves. Veliger 20 (3): 260–265.

[S59] Stohler, R. 1959. Range extensions of some west N. A. marines. Nautilus 72 (4): 127–130.

[TW76] Tenison Woods, J. E. 1876. Description of new Tasmanian shells. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1875: 134–162.

[T-Q84] Thiriot-Quiévreux, C. 1984. Les caryotypes de quelques Ostreidae et Mytilidae. Malacologia 25 (2): 465–476.

[VKK10] Vekhova, E. E., M. I. Kusaykin & K. V. Kiselev. 2010. The phytoplankton contribution to the diet of some mussel species (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from different parts of the Sea of Japan. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 104–108. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

[W60] Waterhouse, J. B. 1960. Some Carnian pelecypods from New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 88 (3): 425–442.

[W70] Wills, L. J. 1970. The Triassic succession in the central Midlands in its regional setting. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 126: 225–283.

[XZ10] Xu, F., & J. Zhang. 2010. Study on the bivalve faunal composition of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 7–12. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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