Myzomela

 Cardinal myzomela Myzomela pulcherrima, photographed by Josep del Hoyo.

Belongs within: Meliphagidae.

Myzomela is a genus of honeyeaters found in Indonesia, Australasia and western Oceania. Members of this genus are characterised by brilliant red and black colouration.

Characters (from Schodde & Mason 1999): Size small; plumage iridescent red and black; tongue with shallow medial furcation; tail short and square-cut; eggs white-based with reddish-brown spotting.

<==Myzomela Vigors & Horsfield 1827 [Myzomelidae]B94
    |--M. rosenbergiiJT12
    `--+--+--M. equesJT12
       |  `--+--M. cineraceaJT12
       |     `--M. obscura Gould 1842JT12, G42
       |          |--M. o. obscuraM03
       |          |--M. o. fumataM03
       |          `--M. o. hartertiM03
       `--+--M. erythrocephala Gould 1839JT12, WS48 [incl. M. erythrocephala derbyi Mathews 1912WS48]
          |    |--M. e. erythrocephalaM03
          |    `--M. e. infuscataM03
          `--+--+--M. cardinalisBKB15
             |  `--M. jugularisANM14
             `--+--M. lafargeiBKB15
                `--M. sanguinolentaBKB15
Myzomela incertae sedis:
  M. adolphinaeJT12
  M. albigulaJT12
  M. blasiiJT12
  M. boieiJT12
  M. caledonicaS13
  M. chermesinaJT12
  M. chloropteraJT12
  M. cruentataJT12
  M. dammermaniJT12
  M. dibaphaFP64
  M. eichhorniJT12
  M. erythromelasJT12
  M. kuehniJT12
  M. lifuensisS13
  M. malaitaeJT12
  M. melanocephalaJT12
  M. nigra Gould 1838 [incl. M. nigra westralensis Mathews 1912]WS48
  M. nigritaJT12
  M. pammelaenaJT12
  M. pectoralis Gould 1840WS48
  M. pulchellaJT12
  M. pulcherrimaS13
  M. rubatraS13
    |--M. r. rubatraS13
    `--M. r. sanctaecrucis Sarasin 1913S13
  M. sclateriFJO08
  M. tristramiJT12
  M. vulnerataJT12
  M. wakoloensisJT12

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[ANM14] Andersen, M. J., A. Naikatani & R. G. Moyle. 2014. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extensive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 308–315.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[FJO08] Fleischer, R. C., H. F. James & S. L. Olson. 2008. Convergent evolution of Hawaiian and Australo-Pacific honeyeaters from distant songbird ancestors. Current Biology 18: 1–5.

[G42] Gould, J. 1842. Descriptions of thirty new species of birds from Australia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 131–140.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[S13] Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 1 pp. 1–78, pls 1–3. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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