Nassarius

Nassarius arcularius, copyright H. Zell.

Belongs within: Nassariinae.

Nassarius is a genus of small to medium-sized dog whelks with an ovate shell that is more or less heavily calloused on the columella and/or parietal wall.

Nassarius Duméril 1805 [incl. Arcularia Link 1807]KF22
|--N. (Nassarius)W94
| |--*N. (N.) arcularia (Linnaeus 1758)P61, W94 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--N. a. arculariaW94
| | `--N. a. plicatus (Röding 1798)W94
| |--N. (N.) coronatus (Bruguière 1789)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| `--N. (N.) optimus (Sowerby 1903)W94
|--N. (Alectrion Montfort 1810)O27, KF22
| |--N. (*A.) papillosus (Linnaeus 1758)BW09, KF22 [=Buccinum papillosumKF22]
| |--N. (A.) glans (Linnaeus 1758)BD86, O27, WG71 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (A.) particeps Hedley 1915W94 [incl. Alectrion rufula Kiener 1834 (preoc.)WG71, W94]
| |--N. (A.) psila (Watson 1882)W94 [=Nassa psilaH09, Arcularia psilaH09]
| `--N. (A.) spiratus (Adams 1852)W94
|--N. (Cryptonassarius Cernohorsky 1975)C75
| `--N. (*C.) ephamillus (Watson 1882)C75 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. (Hima Leach in Gray 1852)ZC10, C75 [incl. Mirua Marwick 1931W94, Tritonella Adams 1852W94]
| |--N. incrassatusBRW98 [incl. Buccinum minutumW94, *Hima minutaW94]
| |--N. (H.) festivus (Powys 1835)ZC10
| |--N. (H.) fraterculus (Dunker 1860)ZC10
| |--N. (H.) mobilis (Hedley & May 1908) (see below for synonymy)W94
| |--N. (H.) multigranosus (Dunker 1847)ZC10
| |--N. (H.) rotundus (Melvill & Standen 1896)W94
| `--N. socialisA27 [=*Mirua socialisW94]
|--N. (Niotha Adams & Adams 1853) [incl. Tavaniotha Iredale 1936]W94
| |--N. (N.) conoidalis (Deshayes 1832)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (N.) acuticostus (Montrouzier in Souverbie & Montrouzier 1864) [incl. N. bullata Marrat 1877]W94
| |--N. (N.) albescens (Dunker 1846)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--N. a. albescensW94
| | `--N. a. gemmuliferus Adams 1852W94
| |--N. (N.) albinus (Thiele 1930)W94
| |--N. (N.) crenoliratus (Adams 1852)W94
| |--N. (N.) delicatus (Adams 1852)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (N.) distortus (Adams 1852)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (N.) echinatus (Adams 1852) [incl. N. quadrasi var. alba Hidalgo 1904]W94
| |--N. (N.) ecstilbus (Melvill & Standen 1896) [incl. N. gerstenbrandti Preston 1908]W94
| |--N. (N.) fretorum (Melvill & Standen 1899)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (N.) nigellus (Reeve 1854) (see below for synonymy)W94
| |--N. (N.) pauperatus (Lamarck 1822)W94 [=Parcanassa pauperataWG71]
| |--N. (N.) quadrasi (Hidalgo 1904)W94
| |--N. (N.) semisulcatus (Rousseau 1854) [incl. N. crassum Koch 1849, N. percrassa Mari 1934]W94
| |--N. (N.) sinusigerus Adams 1852W94
| `--N. (N.) splendidulus (Dunker 1846)W94 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. (Plicarcularia Thiele 1929) (see below for synonymy)W94
| |--N. (P.) pullus (Linnaeus 1758)W94, H09 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (P.) bimaculosus (Adams 1852)W94
| |--N. (P.) burchardi (Dunker in Philippi 1849) [incl. *Parcanassa ellana Iredale 1936, N. labecula Adams 1852]W94
| |--N. (P.) callospira (Adams 1852)W94
| |--*Chelenassa’ elegantissimusW94
| |--N. (P.) fraudulentus (Marrat 1877)W94 [incl. Nassa callosa Adams 1852H09, W94, Arcularia callosaH09]
| |--N. gibbosulus (Linnaeus 1758)O96 [=Buccinum gibbosulumKF22, *Arcularia gibbosulaKF22, *Eione gibbosulaW94]
| |--N. (P.) globosus (Quoy & Gaimard 1833) [incl. N. clathratum Kiener 1834, N. gibbosuloidea Habe & Kosuge 1966]W94
| |--N. (P.) graniferus (Kiener 1834)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (P.) jonasii (Dunker 1846)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (P.) kraussianus (Dunker 1846)W94
| `--N. (P.) oneratus (Deshayes 1863) [incl. N. obliqua Rousseau 1854 non Hombron & Jaquinot 1854]W94
|--N. (Profundinassa Thiele 1929)W94
| |--N. (*P.) babylonicus (Watson 1882) [=Nassa babylonica; incl. Nassarius turrifera Smith 1895]W94
| `--N. (P.) dilutus (Smith 1899) [incl. N. pupa Okutani 1968]W94
|--N. (Schizopyga Conrad 1850)O27
| |--‘Alectrion’ (S.) californianus Conrad 1856O27 [=Schizopyga californianaC64]
| |--N. (S.) cerritensis (Arnold 1903)PP78, O27 [=Alectrion (S.) cerritensisO27]
| |--N. (S.) cooperi (Forbes 1850)B56, O27 [=Nassa cooperiO27, Alectrion (S.) cooperiO27]
| |--‘Alectrion’ (S.) fossatus Gould 1849O27
| |--N. (S.) insculptus (Carpenter 1864)PP78, O27 [=Alectrion (S.) insculptusO27]
| | |--N. i. insculptusO27
| | `--‘Alectrion’ i. eupleura Dall 1916O27
| |--‘Alectrion’ (S.) mendicus Gould 1849O27
| |--‘Alectrion’ (S.) nodicinctus Adams 1851O27
| |--‘Alectrion’ (S.) noduliferus (Philippi 1848) [=Buccinum noduliferum]O27
| |--‘Alectrion’ (S.) perpinguis Hinds 1844O27
| `--‘Alectrion’ (S.) tegulus Reeve 1858O27
|--N. (Telasco Adams & Adams 1853) [incl. Tarazeuxis Iredale 1936 (n. n.)]W94
| |--N. (*T.) variabilis [=Nassa variabilis]W94
| |--N. (T.) gaudiosus (Hinds 1844)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (T.) luridus (Gould 1850)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. (T.) reeveanus (Dunker 1847) (see below for synonymy)W94
| |--N. (T.) sufflatus (Gould 1860)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| `--N. (T.) vidalensis (Barnard 1959)W94
|--N. (Varicinassa Habe 1946)W94
| `--N. (*V.) variciferus (Adams 1851)W94, ZC10 [=Nassa variciferaW94]
`--N. (Zeuxis Adams & Adams 1853) [incl. Bathynassa Ladd 1976, Glabrinassa Shuto 1969, Venassa Martens 1881]W94
|--N. (Z.) olivaceus (Bruguière 1789) (see below for synonymy)W94
|--N. (Z.) acuminatus (Marrat 1880)W94
|--N. (Z.) algidus (Reeve 1853) [incl. N. algida var. chlora Watson 1886]W94
|--*Glabrinassa’ amycliformaW94
|--N. (Z.) bicallosus (Smith 1876) (see below for synonymy)W94
|--*Bathynassa’ bolangoiW94
|--N. (Z.) castus (Gould 1850)W94 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. (Z.) celebensis (Schepman 1907) [incl. N. marshallensis Ladd 1977, N. minutula Thiele 1930]W94
|--N. (Z.) clarus (Marrat 1877)W94 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. (Z.) comptus (Adams 1852) (see below for synonymy)W94
|--N. (Z.) concinnus (Powys 1835) (see below for synonymy)W94
|--N. (Z.) crebricostatus (Schepman 1911) [incl. N. beccarii Bisacchi 1930, N. kamperni Koperberg 1931]W94
|--N. (Z.) crematus (Hinds 1844) (see below for synonymy)W94
|--N. (Z.) dorsatus (Röding 1798)W94 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. (Z.) fraudator Cernohorsky 1980 [=Nassarius (Zeuxis) fraudator]W94
|--N. (Z.) idyllius (Melvill & Standen 1901) (see below for synonymy)W94
|--N. (Z.) melanioides (Reeve 1853)W94 [=Nassa melanioidesH09, Arcularia melanioidesH09]
|--‘Nassa (*Venassa)’ pulvinaris v. Martens 1881 [=Nassarius (*V.) pulvinaris]C75
|--N. (Z.) pyrrhus (Menke 1843)W94 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. (Z.) sinarus (Philippi 1851)ZC10
|--‘Zeuxis’ siquijorensisZLK11
|--N. (Z.) subtranslucidus (Smith 1903)W94 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. (Z.) succinctus (Adams 1851)ZC10
`--N. (Z.) whiteheadae Cernohorsky 1984W94

Nassarius incertae sedis:
N. albus (Say 1826)BC01
‘Nassa’ algida Reeve 1853 [=Arcularia algida]H09
N. aoteanus Finlay 1927P61
N. arcadioi Rolán & Hernández 2005F05
N. caboverdensis Rolàn 1984O96
N. caelolineatus Nesbitt & Pitt 1986BC01
N. circumcinctus (Adams 1851)O96
N. cooperiB56
N. corpulentus (Adams 1852) [incl. Cancellaria nassiformis Lesson 1842]PH90
‘Arcularia’ crebrelineata Hombr. Jacq. 1853H09
‘Arcularia’ cremata Hinds 1844H09
N. ‘crenulatus’ (Bruguière 1789)SP72, H09 [=Buccinum crenulatum non Linnaeus 1758H09, Arcularia crenulataH09]
N. exilis (Powys 1836) (see below for synonymy)C80b
N. exulatus Smith 1911JG19
N. ferrusaci Payraudeau 1826O96
N. granifer (Kiener 1834)BW09
N. hepaticusZLK11
N. jacksonianus (Quoy & Gaimard 1833)C80b
N. johnsoniC60
N. karinae Usticke 1971 [=N. nanus Usticke 1959 non (Adams 1852)]BC01
N. limacinus (Dall 1917)S66
N. livescens (Philippi 1849)W94
‘Nassa’ lurida Gould 1850 [=Arcularia lurida]H09
N. luteostomus (Broderip & Sowerby 1829)H92
N. macrocephalus (Schepman 1911)WBS-S15
‘Buccinum’ marginulatum Lamarck 1822 [=Arcularia marginulata]H09
N. melanoides (Reeve 1835)WBS-S15
N. monilis Kiener 1834C75
N. moolenbeeki Kool 1995KF22
‘Nassa’ nana Adams 1852 [=Arcularia nana]H09
N. pagodusZLK11
N. panamensis (Philippi 1851) [=Buccinum panamense]C80b
N. pinguis (Adams A. 1853)LB12
‘Nassa’ plebicula Gould 1860 [=Arcularia plebicula]H09
‘Nassa’ ravida Adams 1852 [=Arcularia ravida]H09
N. reevianus (Dunker 1847)WBS-S15
N. reticulatus (Linnaeus 1758)D88
‘Nassa’ rotunda Melv. Stand. 1896 [=Arcularia rotunda]H09
‘Alectrion’ rufula Kiener 1834WG71
N. smitsorum Kool 1990BC01
N. tiarula (Kiener 1841)H78
N. trivittatusH64
N. vibexBD12
N. wolffi (Knudsen 1956)LB12

Nassarius exilis (Powys 1836) [=Nassa exilis; incl. Nassa fontanei d’Orbigny 1841, Nassa panamensis Adams 1852 non Buccinum panamense Philippi 1851]C80b

Nassarius (Alectrion) glans (Linnaeus 1758)BD86, O27, WG71 [=Buccinum glansH09, Alectrion glansO27, Arcularia glansH09; incl. Al. suturalis dunkeri Suter 1908F26, W94, Nassa intermedia Dunker 1866F26, W94, Nassarius lineatum Röding 1798W94, Nassarius nipponensis Kuroda & Habe 1971W94, Buccinum suturale Lamarck 1822H09, W94, Arcularia suturalisH09]

Nassarius (*Cryptonassarius) ephamillus (Watson 1882)C75 [=Nassa ephamillaC75, Alectrion ephamillaC75, Nassa (Tritia) ephamillaC75; incl. Arcularia dipsacoides Hedley 1907C75, Nassarius dipsacoidesC75, Reticunassa dipsacoidesC75, Nassa dissimilis Watson 1886C75, Alectrion dissimilisC75, Nassarius dissimilisC75, Reticunassa flindersi Cotton & Godfrey 1938C75, Nassarius jacksonensis Quoy & Gaimard 1833W94]

Nassarius (Hima) mobilis (Hedley & May 1908) [incl. N. compacta benthalis Gabriel 1962, N. mobilis var. costata Hedley & May 1908 non N. costata Adams 1852, N. mobilis plankta Iredale 1936, N. verconis Cotton & Godfrey 1932]W94

*Nassarius (Nassarius) arcularia (Linnaeus 1758)P61, W94 [=Buccinum arculariaP61, Arcularia arculariaH09, B. (Nassa) arculariaG20; incl. Nassarius rumphii Deshayes 1854W94, N. scalariformis Mörch 1852W94]

Nassarius (Nassarius) coronatus (Bruguière 1789)W94 [=Buccinum coronatumF27, Arcularia coronataF27; incl. Nassarius bronni Philippi 1849W94, N. fasciolatus Gronovius in Hirase 1936W94, N. coronata var. minor Dautzenberg 1923 non N. concinna f. minor Schepman 1907W94]

Nassarius (Niotha) albescens (Dunker 1846)W94 [=Arcularia albescensH09, Nassa albescensB79; incl. Nassarius adamsiana Marrat 1880W94, Nassarius baguenai Mari 1934W94, Nassa bicolor Rousseau 1854B79, W94, Niotha bicolorWG71, Nassarius reticosa Adams 1852W94]

Nassarius (Niotha) conoidalis (Deshayes 1832)W94 [incl. Nassarius clathrata Lamarck 1816W94, Nassarius comtessei Iredale 1929W94, Nassa cumingii Adams 1852W94, *Niotha cumingiiW94, Buccinum gemmulatum Lamarck 1822H09, W94, Arcularia gemmulataH09, Niotha gemmulataWG71, Nassarius labordei Jousseaume in Mari 1929W94, Nassarius rajaensis Martin 1895W94, Nassarius ringens Reeve 1854W94, Nassarius variegata Adams 1852W94, Nassarius verrucosa Adams 1852W94]

Nassarius (Niotha) delicatus (Adams 1852)W94 [=Nassa delicataH09, Arcularia delicataH09; incl. Nassarius aclimus Melvill 1918W94, Nassarius nodicostata Adams 1852W94]

Nassarius (Niotha) distortus (Adams 1852)W94 [incl. Nassa lachrymosa Reeve 1853H09, W94, Arcularia lachrymosaH09, Nassarius monile Kiener 1834 (preoc.)W94]

Nassarius (Niotha) fretorum (Melvill & Standen 1899)W94 [=Nassa fretorumH09, Arcularia fretorumH09; incl. Nassarius ariel Preston 1910W94, Nassarius pusio Adams 1852W94]

Nassarius (Niotha) nigellus (Reeve 1854) [incl. N. munieriana Crosse 1864, *Tavaniotha optata Gould 1860, N. peritrema Tenison Woods 1880, N. semigranosum Dunker 1846, N. tasmanica Tenison Woods 1876]W94

Nassarius (Niotha) splendidulus (Dunker 1846)W94 [incl. Nassa densigranata Reeve 1854H09, W94, Arcularia densigranataH09, Nassarius granulosa Marrat 1880W94, Nassarius hawleyi Iredale 1936W94, Nassarius nivosa Marrat 1877W94, Nassarius praecallosa Marrat 1877W94, Nassarius stigmaria Adams 1852W94]

Nassarius (Plicarcularia Thiele 1929) [incl. Austronassaria Laseron 1956, Chelenassa Shuto 1969, Eione Risso 1826 non Rafinesque 1814, Parcanassa Iredale 1936, Retiarcularia Shuto 1969 (n. n.)]W94

Nassarius (Plicarcularia) graniferus (Kiener 1834)W94 [=Plicarcularia graniferaWG71; incl. N. obliqua Hombron & Jaquinot 1854W94, N. perlata Marrat 1880W94, N. verrucosum Bruguière 1789W94]

Nassarius (Plicarcularia) jonasii (Dunker 1846)W94 [=Arcularia jonasiH15, *Austronassaria jonasiiW94; incl. Nassarius cancellata Adams 1852W94, N. mangelioides Reeve 1853W94, N. simplex Laseron 1956W94]

Nassarius (Plicarcularia) pullus (Linnaeus 1758)W94, H09 [=Buccinum pullusH09, Arcularia pullusH09; incl. Nassarius dorsuosa Adams 1852W94, Nassa thersites Bruguière 1789W94, WG71, *Plicarcularia thersitesW94]

Nassarius (Telasco) gaudiosus (Hinds 1844)W94 [incl. Nassarius graphitera Beck 1877W94, Nassarius lilacina Gould 1852W94, Nassa mucronata Adams 1852H09, Arcularia mucronataH09, Nassarius mucronatusW94, *Tarazeuxis mucronataW94, Nassarius semiplicatum Dunker 1853W94, Nassarius semisulcata Dunker 1867W94]

Nassarius (Telasco) luridus (Gould 1850)W94 [incl. Alectrion dispar Adams 1852C60, W94, Xeuxis disparC60, Nassarius elegans var. fulgurans Schepman 1913W94]

Nassarius (Telasco) reeveanus (Dunker 1847) [incl. N. ferruginea Marrat 1880, N. filosa Adams 1852, N. lentiginosa Adams 1852, N. luctuosa Adams 1852, N. marratii Smith 1867, N. mustelina Gould 1860, N. punctata Adams 1852, N. velatum Gould 1850, N. zonalis Adams 1852]W94

Nassarius (Telasco) sufflatus (Gould 1860)W94 [incl. N. balteata Lischke 1869W94, N. binominata Pilsbry 1895W94, N. japonica Adams 1853W94, N. kurodai Tomlin 1932 non Makiyama 1927W94, Buccinum pictum Dunker 1846H09, W94, Arcularia pictaH09, Nassarius subbalteatus MacNeil 1960W94, N. tenuis Smith 1882W94]

Nassarius (Zeuxis) bicallosus (Smith 1876) [incl. N. elegantula Schepman 1911, N. glabella Marrat 1877, N. laevigata Marrat 1877]W94

Nassarius (Zeuxis) castus (Gould 1850)W94 [incl. Nassarius caelata Adams 1852W94, Nassarius costata Adams 1852W94, Nassarius caelatus dainitiensis Makiyama 1927W94, Nassarius elongata Marrat 1874W94, Nassarius incognita Thiele 1925W94, Nassarius kiensis Kuroda in Kura 1959W94, Nassarius lactea Marrat 1880W94, Nassarius levukensis Watson 1882W94, Nassarius maldivensis Smith 1903W94, Nassarius minoensis Itoigawa 1960W94, Nassarius miyazakiensis Shuto 1962W94, Nassarius mulukuensis Smith 1903W94, Nassarius nodiferus Powys in Bosch & Bosch 1982W94, Nassarius oriens Marrat 1880W94, Nassarius sinensis Marrat 1877W94, Nassa stolida Adams 1852C75, Nassarius stolidusC75, Nassarius thaumasia Sturany 1900W94, Nassarius verbeeki Martin 1895W94, Nassarius vitiensis Rousseau 1854W94]

Nassarius (Zeuxis) clarus (Marrat 1877)W94 [incl. Nassarius australis Adams 1853W94, Nassa semiplicata Adams 1877H09, W94, Arcularia semiplicataH09]

Nassarius (Zeuxis) comptus (Adams 1852) [incl. N. bucculenta Marrat 1880, N. elegans Kiener 1834, N. excellens Kuroda & Habe 1961, N. flammulata Schepman 1911, N. polita Marrat 1880, N. tateyamensis Kuroda 1929]W94

Nassarius (Zeuxis) concinnus (Powys 1835) [incl. N. concentrica Marrat 1874, N. crebrilineata Rousseau 1854, N. cribraria Marrat 1877, N. interlirata Smith 1876, N. concinna f. minor Schepman 1907, N. pseudomundus Oostingh 1935, N. rotundicostata Marrat 1877, N. smithi, N. voluptabilis Jousseaume 1894]W94

Nassarius (Zeuxis) crematus (Hinds 1844) [incl. N. eucomista Melvill & Standen 1897, N. euglypta Sowerby 1914, N. kueneni Koperberg 1931, N. kurodai Makiyama 1927, N. martensi Thiele 1925, N. pulcherrima Marrat 1877, N. quadrata Marrat 1880, N. ranida Adams 1852, N. crenata var. scutulata Marti 1934]W94

Nassarius (Zeuxis) dorsatus (Röding 1798)W94 [=Buccinum dorsatumH09, Arcularia dorsataH09; incl. Nassa livida Gray in King 1827H15, W94, Nassarius rutilans Reeve 1853W94, Nassarius unicolorata Reeve 1853W94, Nassarius unicolorum Kiener 1834W94]

Nassarius (Zeuxis) idyllius (Melvill & Standen 1901) [incl. N. crebricostatus dilemensis Oostingh 1939, N. ovoidea Schepman 1911, N. schepmani Koperberg 1931, Arcularia caelata var. torresiana Hedley 1915]W94

Nassarius (Zeuxis) olivaceus (Bruguière 1789) [incl. N. approximata Pease 1868, N. badia Adams 1852, N. dimorpha Cossmann 1903, N. fusca Rousseau 1855, N. mitralis Adams 1852, Buccinum taenia Gmelin 1791, *Zeuxis taenia]W94

Nassarius (Zeuxis) pyrrhus (Menke 1843)W94 [=N. (Niotha) pyrrhusC75; incl. N. dealbata Adams 1853W94, Alectrion fasciata (Lamarck 1822)F27, W94, N. victorianus Iredale 1915W94]

Nassarius (Zeuxis) subtranslucidus (Smith 1903)W94 [=Nassa subtranslucidaC80a; incl. Zeuxis hayashii Habe 1961C80a, Niotha hayashiiC80a]

*Type species of generic name indicated

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