Nassarius arcularius, copyright H. Zell.

Belongs within: Nassariidae.

Nassarius is a genus of small to medium-sized dog whelks with an ovate shell that is more or less heavily calloused on the columella and/or parietal wall.

<==Nassarius Duméril 1805 BR17
    |–*N. (Nassarius) arcularius (Linnaeus 1758) P61, WG71 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |–N. a. arcularius BD86
    |    `–N. a. plicatus (Roeding 1798) BD86
    |–N. (Caesia Adams & Adams 1853 non Br. 1810 [ICBN]) C75
    |    `–N. (*C.) perpinguis (Hinds 1844) C75
    |–N. (Cryptonassarius Cernohorsky 1975) C75
    |    `–N. (*C.) ephamillus (Watson 1882) (see below for synonymy) C75
    |–N. (Hima Leach in Gray 1852) ZC10, C75 [incl. Reticunassa Iredale 1936 C75]
    |    |–N. (H.) festivus (Powys 1835) ZC10
    |    |–N. (H.) fraterculus (Dunker 1860) ZC10
    |    |–N. (H.) multigranosus (Dunker 1847) ZC10
    |    `–N. (H.) pauperus (Gould 1850) ZC10 [=*Reticunassa paupera C75]
    `–N. (Varicinassa) variciferus (Adams 1851) ZC10

Nassarius incertae sedis:
  N. albescens (Dunker 1846) BW09
  N. albus (Say 1826) BC01
  N. aoteanus Finlay 1927 P61
  N. arcadioi Rolán & Hernández 2005 F05
  N. babylonicus C60
  N. bicallosus (Smith 1876) MG-H11
  N. burchardi (Dunker in Philippi 1849) HJ08
  N. caboverdensis Rolàn 1984 O96
  N. caelolineatus Nesbitt & Pitt 1986 BC01
  N. cerritensis (Arnold 1903) PP78
  N. circumcinctus (Adams 1851) O96
  N. conoidalis BD12
  N. cooperi B56
  N. coronatus (Bruguière 1789) WG71 [=Buccinum coronatum F27, Arcularia coronata F27]
  N. corpulentus (Adams 1852) [incl. Cancellaria nassiformis Lesson 1842] PH90
  N. crebricostatus (Schepman 1911) MG-H11
  N. crenulatus SP72
  N. delicatus BD12
  N. distortus (Adams 1852) C75
  N. ferrusaci Payraudeau 1826 O96
  N. gaudiosus (Hinds 1844) BW09
  N. gibbosulus (Linné 1758) O96
  N. glans (Linnaeus 1758) BD86
  N. granifer (Kiener 1834) BW09
  N. hepaticus ZLK11
  N. insculptus (Carpenter 1864) PP78
  N. johnsoni C60
  N. karinae Usticke 1971 [=N. nanus Usticke 1959 non (Adams 1852)] BC01
  N. kraussianus (Dunker 1846) HJ08
  N. limacinus (Dall 1917) S66
  N. luteostomus (Broderip & Sowerby 1829) H92
  N. monilis Kiener 1834 C75
  N. nodiferus Powys 1835 [incl. Nassa stolida Adams 1852, Nassarius stolidus] C75
  N. olivaceus (Bruguière 1789) C75
  N. pagodus ZLK11
  N. papillosus (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
  N. particeps Hedley 1915 P61
  N. pullus ZLK11
  N. pyrrhus C75
  N. reticulatus (Linnaeus 1758) D88
  N. sinusigerus BD12
  N. smitsorum Kool 1990 BC01
  N. socialis A27
  N. spiratus (Adams 1852) P61
  N. succinctus (Adams 1851) ZLK11, ZC10 [=N. (Zeuxis) succinctus ZC10]
  N. tiarula (Kiener 1841) H78
  N. trivittatus H64
  N. vibex BD12

Nassarius (*Cryptonassarius) ephamillus (Watson 1882) [=Nassa ephamilla, Alectrion ephamilla, Nassa (Tritia) ephamilla; incl. Arcularia dipsacoides Hedley 1907, Nassarius dipsacoides, Reticunassa dipsacoides, Nassa dissimilis Watson 1886, Alectrion dissimilis, Nassarius dissimilis, Reticunassa flindersi Cotton & Godfrey 1938] C75

*Nassarius (Nassarius) arcularius (Linnaeus 1758) P61, WG71 [=Buccinum arcularia P61, Arcularia arcularia H09, B. (Nassa) arcularia G20]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A27] Allan, R. S. 1927. The geology and palaeontology of the Lower Waihao Basin, south Canterbury, New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 265–309.

[BD12] Bandel, K., & D. T. Dockery III. 2012. Protoconch characters of Late Cretaceous Latrogastropoda (Neogastropoda and Neomesogastropoda) as an aid in the reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Neogastropoda. Freiberger Forschungshefte C542 (psf 20): 93–128.

[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[B56] Berry, S. S. 1956. Mollusca dredged by the Orca off the Santa Barbara Islands, California, in 1951. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (5): 150–157.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C75] Cernohorsky, W. O. 1975. The taxonomy of some Indo-Pacific Mollusca. Part 3. With descriptions of new taxa and remarks on an Ecuadorian fossil species of Turridae. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum 12: 213–234.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[D88] D’Asaro, C. N. 1988. Micromorphology of neogastropod egg capsules. Nautilus 102 (4): 134–148.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[H64] Hampson, G. R. 1964. Redescription of a commensal pelecypod, Rochefortia cuneata, with notes on ecology. Nautilus 77 (4): 125–128.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H92] Herbert, D. G. 1992. Revision of the Umboniinae in southern Africa and Mozambique (Mollusca: Prosobranchia: Trochidae). Annals of the Natal Museum 33 (2): 379–459.

[H78] Houston, R. S. 1978. Notes on the spawning and egg capsules of two prosobranch gastropods: Nassarius tiarula (Kiener, 1841) and Solenosteira macrospira (Berry, 1957). Veliger 20 (4): 367–368.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O96] Oliverio, M. 1996. Contrasting developmental strategies and speciation in N.E. Atlantic prosobranchs: a preliminary analysis. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 261–266. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[PH90] Petit, R. E., & M. G. Harasewych. 1990. Catalogue of the superfamily Cancellarioidea Forbes and Hanley, 1851 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Nautilus 103 (Suppl. 1): 1–69.

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[S66] Shasky, D. R. 1966. Range and bathymetric extensions for Olivella inconspicua and Nassarius limacinus. Nautilus 80 (1): 35–36.

[SP72] Smythe, K. R., & W. W. A. Phillips. 1972. Some observations on the fauna of the Maldive Islands (Indian Ocean) part VIII. Marine shells. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 290–296.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

[ZC10] Zhang, S., & Z. Chen. 2010. Species composition and faunal characteristics of Buccinacea (Mollusca, Gastropdoa) of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 117–118. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

[ZLK11] Zou, S., Q. Li & L. Kong. 2011. Additional gene data and increased sampling give new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of Neogastropoda, within the caenogastropod phylogenetic framework. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 425–435.

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