Natica

Natica canrena, copyright Laura Milano.

Belongs within: Naticidae.

Natica is a genus of predatory gastropods found in warm seas around the world, feeding on other molluscs. Members of the subgenus Cryptonatica are cold-water species found in the Arctic Ocean. Fossils have been assigned to Natica from the earliest Triassic but these assignments might be considered unlikely (Nützel & Erwin 2002).

Characters (from Oldroyd 1927): Shell oval globular, porcellanous, solid, generally smooth, covered by fine transparent epidermis that is generally not very persistent; umbilicated, or umbilicus more or less filled with callus; aperture semilunar, vertical, outer lip simple. Operculum large, semilunar, paucispiral, corneous or calcareous.

<==Natica Scopoli 1777 [=Cochlis Röding 1798; incl. Notocochlis Powell 1933]W93
    |--N. (Natica)O27
    |    |--*N. (N.) vitellus (Linnaeus 1758)BR17 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--N. (N.) arachnoidea (Gmelin 1791)W93 [=Nerita arachnoideaR43; incl. Na. raynoldiana Récluz 1844W93]
    |    |--N. (N.) areolata Récluz 1844W93
    |    |--N. (N.) canrena (Linnaeus 1758)O27, L58 [=Nerita canrenaG20]
    |    |--N. (N.) euzona Récluz 1844W93
    |    |--N. (N.) fasciata (Röding 1798) (see below for synonymy)W93
    |    |--N. (N.) gualtieriana (Recluz 1844)W93 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--N. (N.) lineata (Röding 1798)W93 [=Cochlis lineatusH09]
    |    |--N. (N.) luculenta Iredale 1929W93
    |    |--N. (N.) phytelephas Reeve 1855W93
    |    |--N. (N.) picta Récluz 1844 [incl. N. elegans Récluz 1850 non Sowerby 1836]W93
    |    |--N. (N.) pseustes Watson 1881 (see below for synonymy)W93
    |    |--N. (N.) sagittata Menke 1843W93 [=Notocochlis sagittataWG71; incl. Na. cothurnata Iredale 1936W93]
    |    |--N. (N.) scethra Dall 1908PP78
    |    |--N. (N.) sertata Menke 1843W93
    |    |--N. (N.) stellata (Hedley 1913)W93 [=Nerita stellataH09]
    |    |--N. (N.) suffusa Reeve 1855W93
    |    `--N. (N.) tigrina (Röding 1798) (see below for synonymy)W93
    `--N. (Tectonatica Sacco 1890) [incl. Cryptonatica Dall 1892]B63
         |--N. (*T.) tectulaB63
         |--N. (‘Cryptonatica’) affinis Gmelin 1792O27 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. (T. ) aleutica Dall 1919B63 [=N. (Cryptonatica) aleuticaO27, N. clausa aleuticaB63]
         |--N. (T.) bougei Sowerby 1908W93
         |--N. (T.) clausa Broderip & Sowerby 1829B63 [=N. (Cryptonatica) clausaO27; incl. N. beverlii Leach msC64]
         |--‘Cryptonatica’ coosensis Finlay 1927 [=Natica consors Dall 1909 non N. multipunctata var. consors Wood 1848]F27b
         |--N. (T.) elkingtoni Hedley & May 1908W93
         |--N. (‘Cryptonatica’) janthostoma Deshayes 1841O27
         |--N. (T.) robillardi Sowerby 1843W93
         |--N. (‘Cryptonatica’) russa Gould 1859O27
         |--N. (‘Cryptonatica’) salimba Dall 1919O27
         |--N. (T.) shorehami (Pritchard & Gatliff 1900) [=Proxiuber shorehami]W93
         |--N. (T.) simplex Schepman 1909W93
         |--N. (T.) violacea Sowerby 1825W93 [incl. N. amethystinaR43, N. glabra Wood 1828W93, N. rhodostoma Philippi 1842W93]
         `--N. (T.) zonulata Thiele 1925W93

Natica incertae sedis:
  N. acinonyx Marche-Marchad 1957BC01
  N. alderiD56
  N. alveata Conrad 1855C64
  N. ambigua Morris & Lycett 1854F27b
  N. arata Morris & Lycett 1854F27b
  N. aurantia [incl. Na. aurantia var. lutea, Nerita mamilla var. lutea, Na. straminea, Na. sulphurea]R43
  N. australis Bosc 1801F27b
  N. baccaA27
  N. bonplandi Valenciennes 1833C64
  N. borealisN79
  N. broderipiana Récluz 1843R43
  N. brunneolinea McLean 1970BC01
  N. buriasiensis Reeve 1844W93
  N. cadoricaG31
  N. callosa Cristofori & Jan 1832F27b
  N. callosiorF27b
  N. catenaN79
  N. cayennensis Recluz 1850 [incl. N. hayesae Usticke 1959]BC01
  N. comelicanaG31
  N. cruentata [incl. N. cruentata var. trifasciata Récluz 1843]R43
  N. cumingiana Récluz 1843R43
  N. cunninghamensis Harris 1897 [=N. (Neverita) varians Tate 1893 (preoc.)]F27b
  N. deiodosa Reeve 1855W93
  N. denticulifera Marwick 1924F27a
  N. dixoni Fernandes & Rolán 1992BC01
  N. dubia Récluz 1843R43
  N. elenae Récluz 1843R43 [incl. N. excavata, N. haneti]C64
  N. fanel [incl. N. variolaria]R43
  N. floridanaC60
  N. fulgurans Récluz 1843R43
  N. gallapagosa Récluz 1843R43
  N. gambiae Récluz 1843R43
  N. geniculata Conrad 1855C64
  N. gibbosa Lea 1833C64
  N. groenlandicaC60
  N. guesti Harasewych & Jensen 1984BC01
  N. guilleminiPP64
  N. hamiltoniH86
  N. harrisensisA27
  N. haydeni Cossmann 1899 [=N. ambigua Meek & Hayden 1855 non Morris & Lycett 1854]F27b
  N. helicoides Barnes in Gray 1825 [=N. patula Sby. 1824 (preoc.)]C64
  N. herosC64
  N. incerta Smith 1906F27b
  N. intricata [=Nerita intricata]R43
  N. islandica [=Nerita islandica]J64
  N. japovata Finlay 1927 [=N. ovata Sowerby 1914 nec Klipstein 1843 nec Hutton 1873]F27b
  N. koatensis Krumbeck 1924NE02
  N. laevis Weerth 1884F27b
  N. ‘laevis’ Kaunhowen 1898 nec Weerth 1884 nec N. (Ampullina) laevis Hutton 1885 nec N. levis Smith 1896F27b
  N. limpida Smith 1884H09
  N. mamillarisR43
  N. marocanaG79 [=Nerita marocanaG79; incl. Na. maroccana var. californicaC64, Na. luridaC64]
  N. mauraR43
  N. migratoria (Powell 1927)HS01 [=Cochlis migratoriaP61, *Notocochlis migratoriaP61]
  N. montaguiPP64
  N. moquinianaC64
  N. multipunctata [incl. N. multipunctata var. consors Wood 1848]F27b
  N. nana Tenison Woods 1876TW76
  N. neozelanicaH86
  N. neritinaG31
  N. ocoyana Conrad 1855C64
  N. oetites Conrad 1833C64
  N. oolithica Auerbach 1871NE02
  N. ovata Klipstein 1843F27b
  N. panamaensis Récluz 1843R43
  N. percostata (Schauroth 1859)NE02
  N. pisiformis Récluz 1843R43
  N. planispira Phillips 1836F27b
  N. politaQ72
  N. porcelanaR43
  N. powisiana Récluz 1843R43
  N. praeconsors [=Cochlis praeconsors]F27a
  N. priamus Récluz 1843R43
  N. pusillaHC79
  N. pusiunculaG31
  N. pyriformis Récluz 1843R43
  N. ryalli Fernandes & Rolán 1992BC01
  N. sagrayana Orbigny 1850S11
  N. salangonensis Récluz 1843R43
  N. samarensis Récluz 1843R43
  N. sanctaehelenaeM01
  N. sebae Récluz 1843R43
  N. semicostata Lepsius 1878NE02
  N. semilunataC64
  N. severa Gould 1859C64
  N. seychellium Watson 1886H09
  N. sigillata McLean 1970BC01
  N. simiaeR43
  ‘Cochlis’ socius Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy)F27b
  N. sordidaN79
  N. souleyetianaC64
  N. subinfundibulum [incl. N. subinfundibulum var. crassa Tate 1893]F27b
  N. suppleta Finlay 1927 [=N. incerta Harmer 1919 non Smith 1906]F27b
  N. suturalisH86
  N. tasleiC64
  N. tasmanica Tenison Woods 1876TW76
  N. trailliiM01
  N. turtoniPP64
  N. uber Valenciennces 1833C64
  N. uberinaR43
  N. unifasciata [=N. maroccana var. unifasciata]C64
  N. variabilis Récluz in Reeve 1856W93
  N. vavaoiR43
  N. vixumbilicataQ72
  N. wintlei [incl. N. wintlei var. hamiltonensis Tenison-Woods 1878]F71
  N. zanzebarica Récluz 1843R43

‘Cochlis’ socius Finlay 1927 [=Natica consortis (l. c.) Finlay 1924 nec N. multipunctata var. consors Wood 1848 nec N. consors Dall 1909]F27b

Natica (Cryptonatica) affinis Gmelin 1792O27 [=Nerita affinisN79; incl. Na. consolidataJ64, Nerita glaucina Linnaeus 1758R43, L58, Na. glaucinaJ64, Na. septentrionalisJ64]

Natica (Natica) fasciata (Röding 1798) [incl. N. cinnamomea Menke 1830, N. lupinus Deshayes 1838, N. solida Blainville 1825]W93

Natica (Natica) gualtieriana (Recluz 1844)W93 [=Notocochlis gualterianaBW09; incl. Na. marochiensis Quoy & Gaimard non Gmelin 1791W93, Na. tesselata Philippi 1849W93, Na. vafer Finlay 1930W93]

Natica (Natica) pseustes Watson 1881 [incl. N. lavendula Woolacott 1956, N. roscoei Kilburn 1976, N. telaaranae Melvill 1901]W93

Natica (Natica) tigrina (Röding 1798) [incl. N. javana Lamarck 1822, N. maculata Perry 1811, N. maculosa Lamarck 1822, N. pellistrigina Dunker 1882]W93

*Natica (Natica) vitellus (Linnaeus 1758)BR17 [=Nerita vitellusBR17, *Cochlis vitellusW93, Polinices vitellusH09; incl. C. albula Röding 1798P27, W93, Natica chemnitzii Philippi 1852W93, Na. forscalii Sowerby 1825W93, Na. fuscata Link 1807W93, Na. globosa Philippi 1855W93, Na. helvacea Lamarck 1822W93, Na. leucozonias Gmelin 1791W93, Na. pallens Philippi 1849W93, Na. rufa Born 1778W93, Na. spadicea Gmelin 1791W93]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A27] Allan, R. S. 1927. The geology and palaeontology of the Lower Waihao Basin, south Canterbury, New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 265–309.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[B63] Burch, J. Q. 1963. Natica (Tectonatica) clausa Broderip and Sowerby, 1829, and Natica (Tectonatica) aleutica Dall, 1919, are two distinct species. Nautilus 76 (4): 152.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[G31] Grabau, A. W. 1931. The Permian of Mongolia: A report on the Permian fauna of the Jisu Honguer limestone of Mongolia and its relations to the Permian of other parts of the world. American Museum of Natural History: New York.

[G79] Guppy, R. J. L. 1879. First sketch of a marine invertebrate fauna of the Gulf of Paria and its neighbourhood. Part I.—Mollusca. Journal of Conchology 2: 151–172.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[HC79] Huff, J. A., & S. P. Cobb. 1979. Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 5 (4): 1–101.

[H86] Hutton, F. W. 1886. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

[J64] Jeffreys, J. G. 1864. The Upper Tertiary fossils at Uddevalla, in Sweden. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33 (Notices and Abstracts): 73–79.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis revised 10th ed. vol. 1. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M01] Melville, J. C. 1901. A few further remarks upon the Erythrean molluscan fauna, with descriptions of seven species from Aden, in the collection of Commander E. R. Shopland, R.I.M. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 550–556.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[NE02] Nützel, A., & D. H. Erwin. 2002. Battenizyga, a new Early Triassic gastropod genus with a discussion of the caenogastropod evolution at the Permian/Triassic boundary. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 76 (1): 21–27.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 3. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P27] Powell, A. W. B. 1927. On a large Tonna and two other gasteropods of Australian origin. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 559–562.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[Q72] Quilty, P. G. 1972. The biostratigraphy of the Tasmanian marine Tertiary. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 106: 25–44.

[R43] Récluz, C. A. 1843. Descriptions of new species of Navicella, Neritina, Nerita and Natica, in the collection of Hugh Cuming, Esq. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 197–214.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[W93] Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells vol. 1. Prosobranch Gastropods. Part One. Odyssey Publishing: Kallaroo (Western Australia).

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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