Neanuridae

Friesea sp., copyright Centre for Biodiversity Genomics.

Belongs within: Collembola.
Contains: Neanura, Anurida, Ceratrimeria, Pseudachorutes.

The Neanuridae are a group of springtails characterised by the presence of microsensilla on the third thoracic segment, a cardo between the stipes and the fulcrum, near-cylindrical antennae, and pointed buccal cones (Greenslade 1991). Friesea is distinguished from other genera in the family by its sickle-shaped maxillae (Christiansen & Bellinger 1980).

<==Neanuridae [Achorutinae, Neoarthropleona]
    |  i. s.: PseudachorutellaSL06
    |           |--P. asigillata (Börner 1901)SL06
    |           `--P. stachi [=Pseudachorutes (Pseudachorutella) stachi]H83
    |         Pseudoxenylla Christiansen & Pike 2002CP02
    |           `--*P. fovealis Christiansen & Pike 2002CP02
    |         KenyuraMC13
    |         Neanurodes neomexicanus Scott 1960 (n. d.)CB81
    |--UchidanurinaeG91
    |    |--Megalanura tasmaniaeG91
    |    |--WomersleymeriaG91
    |    `--Acanthanura Börner 1906G91, W39
    |--Neanurinae [Achorutini]G91
    |    |--ProtanuraCB80
    |    |--AustralonuraG91
    |    |--NeanuraCB80
    |    |--Oudemansia Schött 1893 nec Miq. 1854 (ICBN) nec Speg. 1880 (ICBN)CB80
    |    |    |--*O. coerulea Schött 1893CB80 [=Polyacanthella coeruleaW39]
    |    |    |--O. esakiiCB80
    |    |    |--O. georgia Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |    `--O. hirashimaiCB80
    |    |--Morulina Börner 1906CB80
    |    |    |--*M. gigantea (Tullberg 1876) (see below for synonymy)CB80
    |    |    |--M. alia Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |    |--M. crassa Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |    |--M. mackenziana Hammer 1953CB80
    |    |    |--M. multatuberculata (Coleman 1941) [=Neanura multatuberculata]CB80
    |    |    |--M. nuda Cassagnau 1955CB80
    |    |    `--M. thulensis Hammer 1953CB80
    |    |--Anuridella Willem 1906CB80
    |    |    |--*A. marina Willem 1906 [=Anurida (*Anuridella) marina]CB80
    |    |    `--A. calcarata Denis 1925TM86 [=Anurida (Anuridella) calcarataCB80]
    |    |--AnuridaCB80
    |    |--Paranura Axelson 1902CB80
    |    |    |--*P. sexpunctata Axelson 1902CB80
    |    |    |--P. anops Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |    |--P. australasiae Womersley 1935W39
    |    |    |--P. caeca Folsom 1916CB80
    |    |    |--P. colorata Mills 1934 [=P. sexpunctata var. colorata]CB80
    |    |    |--P. millsi Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |    |--P. quadrilobata Hammer 1953CB80
    |    |    `--P. s-uenoiCB80
    |    |--Cassagnaudina Massoud 1967CB80
    |    |    `--*C. coiffaiti (Cassagnau 1955) [=Pseudachorudina coiffaiti]CB80
    |    `--Stachorutes demattiesi Dallai 1973CB80
    |--Friesea Dalla Torre 1895SS06 [incl. Macgillivraya Grote 1894 (nom. rej.)CB80, Prospinanura Wray 1952CB80; FrieseinaeG91]
    |    |--*F. mirabilis (Tullberg 1871) [=Triaena mirabilis]CB80
    |    |--F. cera Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |--F. claviseta Axelson 1900 [incl. F. caldaria Guthrie 1903]CB80
    |    |--F. emucronata Stach 1922CB80
    |    |--F. fara Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |--F. grandis Mills 1934CB80
    |    |--F. grisea (Schäffer 1891) (see below for synonymy)W67
    |    |--F. hammeniH83
    |    |--F. kardosia (Wray 1952) [=*Prospinanura kardosia]CB80
    |    |--F. landwehri Christiansen & Bellinger 1980SS06
    |    |--F. magnicornis Denis 1931CB80
    |    |--F. mauriesi Cassagnau 1958CB80
    |    |--F. millsi Christiansen & Bellinger 1974CB80
    |    |--F. multispinosa Denis 1947G86
    |    |--F. nauroisi Cassagnau 1958CB80
    |    |--F. oteruelensis Simón-Benito 2005F05
    |    |--‘Prospinanura’ oxfordi Wray 1953 (n. d.) [=Wrayella oxfordi]CB80
    |    |--F. pentacantha Mills 1934CB80
    |    |--F. peruensis Smolis & Skarżyński 2006SS06
    |    |--F. polla Christiansen & Bellinger 1974CB80
    |    |--F. quinquespinosaCB80 [=Polyacanthella quinquispinosaW39]
    |    |--F. quinta Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
    |    |--F. sublimis Macnamara 1921CB80
    |    |--‘Neoprospinanura’ tecala Wray 1963 (n. d.)CB80
    |    |--F. tilbrooki Wise 1970 [incl. F. viennei Deharveng 1981]G86
    |    |--F. wilkeyi Christiansen & Bellinger 1974CB80
    |    `--F. woyciechowskii Weiner 1980SS06
    `--Pseudachorutinae [Pseudachorutini]G91
         |--EchinanuraW39
         |--SericanuraW39
         |--StachiaW39
         |--PlatanuridaW39
         |--MeganuridaW39
         |--CeratrimeriaW39
         |--PseudachorutesCB80
         |--Tasmanura Womersley 1937W39
         |    `--T. evansi Womersley 1937W39
         |--Anuritelsa Womersley 1939W39
         |    `--*A. maritima Womersley 1939W39
         |--Pseudanurida Schött 1901 [incl. Neachorutes Womersley 1933]W39
         |    |--*P. billitonensis Schött 1901W39
         |    `--P. glauerti (Womersley 1933)G91, W39 [=Neachorutes glauertiW39]
         |--Pseudachorutoides Becker 1905W39
         |    |--*P. bogoyawlenskyW39
         |    |--P. clysmae Jackson 1927W39
         |    `--P. dollfusiW39
         `--Polyacanthella Schaeffer 1897 [incl. Conotelsa Denis 1925]W39
              |--*P. michaelseni Schaeffer 1897 [=Friesea michaelseni]W39
              |--P. accuminata [=Conotelsa accuminata, Friesea accuminata]W39
              |--P. barnardi Womersley 1930W39
              |--P. brevicaudata [=Friesea brevicaudata]W39
              `--P. parvaW39

Friesea grisea (Schäffer 1891) [=Tullbergia grisea, Frisia (l. c.) grisea, Pseudotullbergia grisea; incl. Achorutoides antarcticus Willem 1901]W67

*Morulina gigantea (Tullberg 1876) [=Anura gigantea; incl. M. callowayia Wray 1953, M. kotzebuensis Bödvarsson 1960]CB80

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CB80] Christiansen, K., & P. Bellinger. 1980. The Collembola of North America north of the Rio Grande: A taxonomic analysis vol. 1. Introduction; general; families Poduridae and Hypogastruridae. Grinnell College: Grinnell (Iowa).

[CB81] Christiansen, K., & P. Bellinger. 1981. The Collembola of North America north of the Rio Grande: A taxonomic analysis vol. 4. Families Neelidae and Sminthuridae; glossary; bibliography; index. Grinnell College: Grinnell (Iowa).

[CP02] Christiansen, K., & E. Pike. 2002. Cretaceous Collembola (Arthropoda, Hexapoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Canada. Cretaceous Research 23: 165–188.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[G86] Greenslade, P. 1986. Additions to the collembolan fauna of Heard Island. Records of the South Australian Museum 19 (7): 91–96.

[G91] Greenslade, P. J. 1991. Collembola (springtails). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 252–264. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[H83] Hammen, L. van der. 1983. Contribution to the knowledge of the soil-fauna of New Guinea. Zoologische Verhandelingen 206: 1–36.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[SL06] Schulz, H.-J., & P. Lymberakis. 2006. First contribution to the knowledge of the Collembola fauna of the White Mountains (Lefká Óri) in west Crete (Insecta, Collembola, Isotomidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 86 (2): 229–234.

[SS06] Smolis, A., & D. Skarżyński. 2006. A new species of Friesea Dalla Torre 1895 from Peru (Insecta, Collembola, Neanuridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 86 (1): 39–45.

[TM86] Thibaud, J.-M., & Z. Massoud. 1986. Insecta: Collembola. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 616–617. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[W67] Wise, K. A. J. 1967. Collembola (springtails). Antarctic Research Series 10: 123–148.

[W39] Womersley, H. 1939. Primitive Insects of South Australia: Silverfish, springtails, and their allies. South Australian Branch of the British Science Guild: Adelaide.

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