Nelima

Nelima gothica, copyright Gordon.

Belongs within: Sclerosomatidae.

Nelima has been recognised as a genus of sclerosomatid harvestmen from the Palaearctic region, characterised by the absence of denticulations on the coxae (Roewer 1923). Recent phylogenetic analyses have indicated that this genus is polyphyletic, representing a habitus that has probably evolved multiple times via paedomorphosis. The type species N. silvatica is found in warmer locales in France and Germany (Martens 1978).

<==Nelima Roewer 1910 [incl. Nodala Forster 1949]GH73
    |--*N. silvatica (Simon 1879)C92 [=Liobunum silvaticumD04; incl. N. cretica Roewer 1957D04]
    |--N. aladjensis Mitov 1997NS03
    |--N. albiangulata Roewer 1957R57
    |--N. atrorubra Roewer 1910R23
    |--N. coreana Suzuki 1983S83
    |--N. doriae (Canestrini 1871)NS03 (see below for synonymy)
    |--N. fuscifrons (Simon 1879) [=Liobunum fuscifrons]D04
    |--N. gothica Lohmander 1945D04
    |--N. hispana Martens 1969PWF22
    |--N. humilis (Koch 1869) [=Leiobunum humile]R23
    |--N. insignita Roewer 1957R57
    |--N. lutea Roewer 1957R57
    |--N. margaritata Roewer 1957R57
    |--N. mexicana Goodnight & Goodnight 1942GG42
    |--N. minorica Prieto, Wijnhoven & Febrer 2022PWF22
    |--N. morova Goodnight & Goodnight 1944GG44
    |--N. narcisi Novak & Slana 2003NS03
    |--N. nigromaculata (Lucas 1847) [=Phalangium nigromaculatum]R23
    |--N. okinawaensis Suzuki 1964S73
    |--N. pontica Charitonov 1941NS03
    |--N. ponticoides Martens 1969NS03
    |--N. recurvipennis Martens 1969D04
    |--N. saghalina Roewer 1957T03
    |--N. sempronii Szalay 1951NS03
    |--N. taiwana Suzuki 1977S77
    |--N. tancitaro Goodnight & Goodnight 1942GG45
    |--N. troglodytes Roewer 1910R23
    `--N. victoriae Roewer 1957R57
Nomen nudum: Nelima validaTM00

Nelima doriae (Canestrini 1871)NS03 [=Lejobunum doriaeAC90, Leiobunum doriaiC92, Liobunum doriaeM78, Nelima doriaiAC90; incl. Lejobunum agile Canestrini 1872PWF22, Ne. dunni Forster 1947AC90, *Nodala dunniGH73, Ne. maroccana Roewer 1957AC90, Ne. pisarskii Staręga 1966AC90]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AC90] Acosta, L. E., & J. C. Cokendolpher. 1990. Nelima doriae introduced to Argentina, first record of the subfamily Leiobuninae (Opiliones: Gagrellidae) from South America. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 8 (5): 144–146.

[C92] Crawford, R. L. 1992. Catalogue of the genera and type species of the harvestman superfamily Phalangioidea (Arachnida). Burke Museum Contributions in Anthropology and Natural History 8: 1–60.

[D04] Delfosse, E. 2004. Catalogue préliminaire des Opilions de France métropolitaine (Arachnida Opiliones). Bulletin de Phyllie 20: 34–58.

[GG42] Goodnight, C. J., & M. L. Goodnight. 1942. Phalangida from Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1211: 1–18.

[GG44] Goodnight, C. J., & M. L. Goodnight. 1944. New phalangids from the Old World. American Museum Novitates 1255: 1–6.

[GG45] Goodnight, C. J., & M. L. Goodnight. 1945. Additional Phalangida from Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1281: 1–17.

[GH73] Gruber, J., & G. S. Hunt. 1973. Nelima doriae (Canestrini), a south European harvestman in Australia and New Zealand (Arachnida, Opiliones, Phalangiidae). Records of the Australian Museum 28: 383–392.

[M78] Martens, J. 1978. Spinnentiere, Arachnida: Weberknechte, Opiliones. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena.

[NS03] Novak, T., & L. Slana. 2003. Nelima narcisi n. sp., a dwarf member of the genus from the north-eastern Adriatic coast. Fragmenta Entomologica 35 (1): 1–11.

[PWF22] Prieto, C. E., H. Wijnhoven & J. B. Febrer. 2022. New harvestmen (Arachnida: Opiliones) from Menorca Island. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 40: 145–157.

[R23] Roewer, C.-F. 1923. Die Weberknechte der Erde: Systematische Bearbeitung der bisher bekannnten Opiliones. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[R57] Roewer, C. F. 1957. Über Oligolophinae, Caddoinae, Sclerosomatinae, Leiobuninae, Neopilioninae und Leptobuninae (Phalangiidae, Opiliones Palpatores). Senckenbergiana Biologica 38 (5–6): 323–358.

[S73] Suzuki, S. 1973. Opiliones from the South-west Islands, Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series B, Division 1 (Zoology) 24: 205-279.

[S77] Suzuki, S. 1977. Opiliones from Taiwan (Arachnida). Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series B, Division 1 (Zoology) 27 (1): 121–157.

[S83] Suzuki, S. 1983. Three new and little-known harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones, Phalangiidae) from Korea. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses 56 (1): 46–53.

[T03] Tsurusaki, N. 2003. Phenology and biology of harvestmen in and near Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, with some taxonomical notes on Nelima suzukii n. sp. and allies (Arachnida: Opiliones). Acta Arachnologica 52: 5–24.

[TM00] Tsurusaki, N., & H. Minato. 2000. Opiliones of Wakayama Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. Nankiseibutu 42 (1): 3–8.

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