Table Mountain ghost frog Heleophryne rosei, copyright Vincent Carruthers.

Belongs within: Anura.
Contains: Diplasiocoela, Hyloidea, Limnodynastidae, Myobatrachidae.

The Neobatrachia are a clade containing the majority of living frogs, united by features such as the presence of a neopalatine bone in the skull.

Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): Neopalatine bone present; third distal carpal fused to other carpals; m. sartorius completely separated from m. semitendinosus; accessory head present on m. adductor longus; parahyoid bone absent.

| i. s.: Cratia gracilisDMH16
|--Heleophrynidae [Heleophryninae]PW11
| |--Hadromophryne natalensisPW11
| `--Heleophryne Sclater 1898FG06
| |--H. natalensisFG06
| |--H. purcelliBB03
| |--H. regisFG06
| `--H. roseiFG06
`--Phthanobatrachia (see below for synonymy)FG06
| i. s.: Arariphrynus placidoiDMH16
| Eurycephalella alcinaeDMH16
| Uberobatrachus carvalhoiDMH16
| `--MyobatrachidaePW11
`--Calyptocephallelidae [Calyptocephalellinae, Calyptocephalellini]PW11
|--Beelzebufo Evans, Jones & Krause 2008DMH16, EJK08
| `--*B. ampinga Evans, Jones & Krause 2008EJK08
|--Calyptocephalella Strand 1928FG06
| |--C. gayiPW11
| `--C. pichileufensisFB17
`--Telmatobufo Schmidt 1952PW11, FG06
|--T. bullockiPW11
`--T. venustusFG06

Phthanobatrachia [Athesphatanura, Ceratophrydes, Chthonobatrachia, Cladophrynia, Diphyabatrachia, Hyloides, Leptodactyliformes, Meridianura, Nobleobatrachia, Notogaeanura, Tinctanura]FG06

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BB03] Biju, S. D., & F. Bossuyt. 2003. New frog family from India reveals an ancient biogeographical link with the Seychelles. Nature 425: 711–714.

[DMH16] Duellman, W. E., A. B. Marion & S. B. Hedges. 2016. Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae). Zootaxa 4104 (1): 1–109.

[EJK08] Evans, S. E., M. E. H. Jones & D. W. Krause. 2008. A giant frog with South American affinities from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 105 (8): 2951–2956.

[FB17] Feng, Y.-J., D. C. Blackburn, D. Liang, D. M. Hillis, D. B. Wake, D. C. Cannatella & P. Zhang. 2017. Phylogenomics reveals rapid, simultaneous diversification of three major clades of Gondwanan frogs at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 114 (29): E5864–E5870.

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

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