Neoliodes sp., copyright Walter Pfliegler.

Belongs within: Holonota.

The Neoliodidae are a group of relatively large mites in which the adults carry several scalps (shed cuticles) of earlier nymphal stages. Historically, this family has been known as the Liodidae and its type genus as Liodes but names were replaced due to a belief they were preoccupied by the beetle genus Leiodes; though Liodes was not actually preoccupied (owing to the difference in spelling), the replacement was later formalised by declaration of the ICZN.

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Large mites (1000–2000 µm), heavily sclerotised, bearing concentric nymphal exuviae. Apodemato-acetabular system abnormal, variable at the genus level. Dorsophragmata and pleurophragmata absent. Leg segments with saccules or brachytracheae. Genital plates with transverse scissure, with seven or eight pairs of setae. Preanal organ with brachytrachea or platytrachea. Lyrifissure ian present. Palpal eupathidium acm separate from solenidion; seta d present on tibiae and genua when respective solenidion is present. Tibiae of legs with (Platyliodes) or without retrotecta. Immatures with platytracheae or brachytrachea; larva unideficient. Nymphs eupheredermous, multideficient, with maximum of six pairs of opisthonotal setae; setation of protonymphal leg IV normal (0-0-0-0-7) or variable at genus and species level.

<==Neoliodidae [Liodidae, Liodoidea, Neoliodoidea]
    |--Embolocarus pergratus Sellnick 1918S93
    |--Poroliodes Grandjean 1934S04
    |    `--P. farinosus (Koch 1839)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--Teleioliodes Grandjean 1934S04
    |    |--*T. madininensis Grandjean 1934S04
    |    |--T. ghanensis Walwork 1963S04
    |    `--T. zikani (Sellnick 1930) [=Neoliodes zikani]S04
    |--Platyliodes Berlese 1916S04
    |    |--*P. doderleini (Berlese 1883)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--P. ensigerus (Sellnick 1918)S93
    |    |--P. graecus Sellnick 1927S04
    |    |--P. hoodi [=Neoliodes hoodi]B16
    |    |--P. japonicus Aoki 1979S04
    |    |--P. longisetosus Sitnikova 1975S04
    |    |--P. macroprionus Woolley & Higgins 1969S04
    |    |--P. montanus Fujikawa 2001S04
    |    `--P. scaliger (Koch 1839) [=Nothrus scaliger]S04
    `--Neoliodes Berlese 1888 [=Liodes Heyden 1826 (nom. rej.); incl. Udetaliodes Jacot 1929]S04
         |--*N. theleproctus (Hermann 1804)CH98 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. alatus (Hammer 1979) [=Liodes alatus]S04
         |--N. backstroemi Trägardh 1931S04
         |--N. bataviensis Sellnick 1925S04 [=Liodes bataviensisS59]
         |--N. brevitarsus (Woolley 1971)NB-P09, NP93 [=Scapheremaeus brevitarsusNP93, Liodes brevitarsusNP93]
         |--N. canaliculatus (Koch 1839) (n. d.)S04 [=Nothrus canaliculatusS04, Carabodes canaliculatusM98]
         |--N. capensis Berlese 1910 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. concentricus (Say 1821)S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. elongatus (Fernández, Marcangeli & Martínez 1995) [=Liodes elongatus]S04
         |--N. eques (Canestrini 1897) (n. d.) [=Nothrus eques]S04
         |--N. floridensis Banks 1906S04
         |--N. funafutiensis (Jacot 1929) [=Udetaliodes funafutiensis]S04
         |--N. globosus (Subías & Gil-Martín 1990) [=Liodes globosus]S04
         |--N. hawaiiensis (Jacot 1929)S04 [=Udetaliodes hawaiiensisS04, Liodes hawaiiensisS59]
         |    |--N. h. hawaiiensisS04
         |    `--N. h. aculeatisetae (Jacot 1934) [=Udetaliodes hawaiiensis aculeatisetae]S04
         |--N. ionicus Sellnick 1931S04 [=Liodes ionicusG45]
         |--N. kornhuberi (Karpelles 1884) [=Nothrus kornhuberi]S04
         |--N. lamellatus (Rainbow 1897) [=Oribata lamellata]S04
         |--N. lanceosetosus (Wallwork 1977) [=Liodes lanceosetosus]S04
         |--N. lawrencei Jacot 1940S04
         |--N. longipes Berlese 1916 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. marplatensis (Fernández, Marcangeli & Martínez 1995) [=Liodes marplatensis]S04
         |--N. mauritius (Jacot 1936) [=Udetaliodes mauritius]S04
         |--N. modestior Berlese 1916 (n. d.) [=N. squamiger var. modestior]S04
         |--N. nigricans (Hammer 1967) [=Liodes nigricans]S04
         |--N. notactis (Gervais 1849) (n. d.) [=Oribata notactis]S04
         |--N. ocellatus Pearce 1906S04
         |--N. polysetosus (Sitnikova 1975) [=Liodes polysetosus]S04
         |--N. porcellus Berlese 1888 (n. d.)S04 [=N. theleproctus porcellusS04, Teleioliodes porcellusG34]
         |--N. pyramidalis (Wallwork 1963) [=Liodes pyramidalis]S04
         |--N. quadrisetatus (Sellnick 1918)NB-P09, S93 [=Liodes quadriscutatusS93]
         |--N. ramosus (Hammer 1971) [=Liodes ramosus]S04
         |--N. rugosus Warburton 1912S04
         |--N. segestris (Wallwork 1963) [=Liodes segestris]S04
         |--N. silvestris (Hammer 1977) [=Liodes silvestris]S04
         |--N. squamiger Berlese 1916 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. striatus Warburton 1912 [incl. N. femoralis Warburton 1912]S04
         |--N. swezeyi (Jacot 1929)S04 [=Udetaliodes swezeyiS04, Liodes swezeyiSN98]
         |--N. terrestris (Wallwork 1963) [=Liodes terrestris]S04
         |--N. vermiculatus Jacot 1924S04
         |--N. wakensis (Jacot 1929)S04 [=Udetaliodes hawaiiensis wakensisS04, Liodes wakensisSN98]
         `--N. zimmermanni (Sellnick 1959) [=Liodes zimmermanni]S04

Neoliodes concentricus (Say 1821)S04 [=Oribata concentricaS04, Liodes concentricusM98, *Udetaliodes concentrataCH98; incl. Nothrus malleolus Karpelles 1884S04]

*Neoliodes theleproctus (Hermann 1804)CH98 [=Notaspis theleproctusS04, *Liodes theleproctusCH98, Nothrus theleproctusBA85; incl. Nothrus circumvallatus Haupt 1882S04, Nothrus dimera Haupt 1882S04, Nothrus dorsatus Canestrini & Fanzago 1876S04]

*Platyliodes doderleini (Berlese 1883)S04 [=Nothrus doderleiniS04, Liodes doderleiniiM98, Neoliodes (*Platyliodes) doderleiniB16; incl. No. venosus Grube 1859 (n. d.)S04, Ne. venosusM98]

Poroliodes farinosus (Koch 1839)S04 [=Nothrus farinosusS04, Liodes farinosusN77, Neoliodes farinosusG34; incl. Neoliodes caudatus Berlese 1914S04, Notaspis theleproctus Michael 1888 non Hermann 1804S04, *Poroliodes theleproctusS04]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B16] Berlese, A. 1916. Centuria terza di Acari nuovi. Redia 12: 289–338.

[BA85] Bernini, F., & R. Arcidiacono. 1985. Notulae oribatologicae XXXVI. A catalogue of the Sicilian oribatids (Acarida, Oribatida). Animalia 12 (1–3): 165–205.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[G34] Grandjean, F. 1934. Les organes respiratoires secondaires des oribates (acariens). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 103: 109–146.

[G45] Grandjean, F. 1945. La signification évolutive de quelques caractères des acariens (1re série). Bulletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique 79 (4): 297–325.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[N77] Niedbała, W. 1977. Badania biocenotyczne nad mechowcami (Acari, Oribatei) Masywu Ślęży. Badania Fizjograficzne nad Polską Zachodnią, Seria C—Zoologia 30: 47–73.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[NP93] Norton, R. A., & G. O. Poinar. 1993. Reassessment and new records of oribatid mite fossils from Tertiary Neotropical amber. Acarologia 34 (1): 57–68.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S59] Sellnick, M. 1959. Acarina from southeastern Polynesia—II (Oribatidae). Occasional Papers of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 22 (9): 109–152.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

[SN98] Swift, S. F., & R. A. Norton. 1998. Preliminary report on oribatid mite (Acari: Oribatida) diversity in the Hawaiian Islands. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 57: 1–44.

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