Neptunea despecta, photographed by Jan Delsing.

Belongs within: Buccinoidea.

Neptunea is a genus of large whelks with a high spire and short to medium-long siphonal canal found in northern temperate and Arctic regions. Shells have a prominent spiral sculpture but weak or no axial sculpture (Kantor et al. 2022).

<==Neptunea Röding 1798 [incl. Chrysodomus Swainson 1840]KF22
    |--+--*N. antiqua (Linnaeus 1758)BR17, KF22, BR17 (see below for synonymy)
    |  `--N. despecta (Linnaeus 1758)KF22 [=Murex despectusKF22, *Chrysodomus despectusKF22; incl. C. carinatusC64]
    `--+--N. fukueae Kira 1959KF22
       `--N. kurosio Oyama 1959KF22
Neptunea incertae sedis:
  N. alaskana (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) alaskanus]O27b
  N. amianta (Dall 1889)FP15, O27a [=Chrysodomus amiantusO27a]
  N. arthritica Bernardi 1858V89
  N. avalonensis (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) avalonensis]O27b
  N. bentleyi (Dall 1908) [=Trophon (Neptunea) bentleyi]O27b
  N. beringi (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) beringi]O27b
  ‘Chrysodomus’ borealis Philippi 1850O27a
  N. callicerata (Dall 1919) [=Trophon (Neptunea) callicerata]O27b
  N. castanea [incl. N. badia]C64
  ‘Chrysodomus’ cassidariaeformis [=Tritonium cassidariaeformis]C64
  N. cepula (Sowerby 1880) [=Trophon (Neptunea) cepulus]O27b
  N. contrariaC60
  N. costaria Fraussen & Terryn 2007 (see below for synonymy)KF22
  N. cumingi Crosse 1862FP15, ZC10 [=N. arthritica cumingiiZC10]
  N. cymata (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) cymatus]O27b
  N. disparilis (Dall 1891) [=Trophon (Neptunea) disparilis]O27b
  N. elegantula (Dall 1907) [=Trophon (Neptunea) elegantulus]O27b
  N. eucymata (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) eucymata]O27b
  N. fuscolineata Pease 1860 [=Siphonalia fuscolineata]K65
  N. harpaC64
  ‘Chrysodomus’ insularis Dall 1894O27a
  N. ithitoma (Dall 1919) [=Trophon (Neptunea) ithitoma]O27b
  ‘Chrysodomus’ ithius Dall 1919O27a
  ‘Chrysodomus’ liratus Martyn 1784O27a (see below for synonymy)
  N. macouni (Dall 1910) [=Trophon (Neptunea) macouni]O27b
  N. mandarinusH79
  N. multicostata (Eschscholtz 1829)O27b [=Murex multicostatusC64, Trophon (Neptunea) multicostatusO27b]
  ‘Chrysodomus’ nuceus Dall 1919O27a
  ‘Chrysodomus’ oncodes Dall 1907O27a
  N. orpheus (Gould 1849)O27b [=Fusus (Trophon) orpheusC64; incl. Trophon fabriciiC64]
  N. pacifica (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) pacificus]O27b
  N. peregrina (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) peregrinus]O27b
  ‘Chrysodomus’ phoeniceus Dall 1891O27a
  ‘Chrysodomus’ pribiloffensis Dall 1919O27a
  ‘Chrysodomus’ rectirostris Carpenter 1864C64
  N. rotundata (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) rotundatus]O27b
  ‘Chrysodomus’ saturus [=Buccinum saturum]O27a
    |--C. s. saturusO27a
    |--C. s. beringianus Middendorff 1847O27a (see below for synonymy)
    |--C. s. communis Middendorff 1848O27a
    |--C. s. elatior Middendorff 1848O27a
    `--C. s. tabularis Dall 1919O27a
  ‘Chrysodomus’ schantaricusC64
  N. scitula (Dall 1891) [=Trophon (Neptunea) scitulus]O27b
  ‘Chrysodomus’ sinistrorsusPP64
  ‘Chrysodomus’ smirnius Dall 1919O27a
  N. smithi (Dall 1902) [=Trophon (Neptunea) smithi]O27b
  ‘Chrysodomus’ solutus Hermann 1781O27a
  N. staphylina (Dall 1919) [=Trophon (Neptunea) staphylinus]O27b
  N. stilesi Smith 1968BC01
  N. stuarti (Smith 1880) [=Trophon (Neptunea) stuarti]O27b
  ‘Chrysodomus’ vinosus Dall 1919O27a
  ‘Chrysodomus’ (Sulcosipho Dall 1916)O27a
    `--C. (S.) tabulatus Baird 1863O27a

‘Chrysodomus’ liratus Martyn 1784O27a [=Buccinum liratumC64, Murex lyratusC64; incl. M. Glomus cereus Chemnitz 1780–1795 (non-binomial)C64, Cereus conglomeratus Chemnitz 1780–1795 (non-binomial)C64, Fusus decemcostatusC64, Tritonium (Fusus) decemcostatumC64, Chrysodomus middendorfiiC64]

‘Chrysodomus’ saturatus beringianus Middendorff 1847O27a [=C. antiquus var. behringianaC64, Tritonium (Fusus) antiquum var. behringianaC64]

*Neptunea antiqua (Linnaeus 1758)BR17, KF22, BR17 [=Murex antiquusBR17, Chrysodomus antiquusO27a, Fusus antiquusN79, Tritonium (Fusus) antiquumC64; incl. T. deformisC64]

Neptunea costaria Fraussen & Terryn 2007 [incl. Costaria borealis Golikov 1977 non Chrysodomus borealis Philippi 1850]KF22

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[FP15] Fedosov, A., N. Puillandre, Y. Kantor & P. Bouchet. 2015. Phylogeny and systematics of mitriform gastropods (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Neogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 175: 336–359.

[H79] Haast, J. von. 1879. Geology of the Provinces of Canterbury and Westland, New Zealand. A report comprising the results of official explorations. “Times” Office: Christchurch.

[KF22] Kantor, Y. I., A. E. Fedosov, A. R. Kosyan, N. Puillandre, P. A. Sorokin, Y. Kano, R. Clark & P. Bouchet. 2022. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the Buccinoidea (Neogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 194 (3): 789–857.

[K65] Kay, E. A. 1965. Marine molluscs in the Cuming collection, British Museum (Natural History) described by William Harper Pease. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Zoology Supplement 1: 1–96, 14 pls.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[O27a] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927a. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 1. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[O27b] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927b. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 2. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[V89] Vermeij, G. J. 1989. Habitat and form of Crepidula grandis in Japan, with comments on habitat specialization in calyptraeid gastropods. Nautilus 103 (3): 89–91.

[ZC10] Zhang, S., & Z. Chen. 2010. Species composition and faunal characteristics of Buccinacea (Mollusca, Gastropdoa) of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 117–118. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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