Nitzschiaceae

Nitzschia sp., copyright Kristian Peters.

Belongs within: Bacillariophycidae.

The Bacillariales is a group of pennate diatoms possessing a raphe system.

Nitzschiaceae [Bacillariaceae, Bacillariales, Biraphidineae]SG05
|--CrucidenticulaEB93
|--NeodenticulaEB93
|--CymatonitizschiaEB93
|--DenticulopsisEB93
|--GomphonitzschiaEB93
|--PseudoeunotiaEB93
|--SimonseniaEB93
|--CylindrothecaEB93
| |--C. gracilisM01
| `--C. signataUPS98
|--Fragilariopsis Hust. in A.S. 1913BM08, CW59
| |--F. antarctica (Castr.) Hust. in A.S. 1913 [=Fragilaria antarctica Castr. 1886]CW59
| `--F. cylindrusBM08
|--BacillariaEB93
| |--B. cursoriaG64
| |--B. paxillifer (Müller) Nitzsch 1817BM08, CFW59 (see below for synonymy)
| |--B. pectinalisG20
| `--B. socialis [=Nitzschia socialis]G64
|--Hantzschia Grunow 1880W61b, G75
| |--H. amphioxys (Ehrenberg) Grunow 1880SV03 [=Eunotia amphioxys Ehr. 1843CFW59]
| | |--H. a. var. amphioxysCFW59
| | `--H. a. var. elongata [incl. Eunotia dianae]CFW59
| |--H. balticaTaJ06
| |--H. hyperboreaSV03
| |--H. insolita Giffen 1967G75
| |--H. marinaG63
| `--H. virgata (Roper) Grunow 1880SV03 [=Nitzschia virgata Roper 1858W61b]
`--Nitzschia Hassall 1845G75
|--N. acicularis (Kützing) Smith 1853GPN97
|--N. acuminata (W. Sm.) Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880 [=Tryblionella acuminata W. Sm. 1853]W61b
|--N. aerophilaG75
|--N. aestatis Giffen 1973G75
|--N. albaC-S04
|--N. amphibiaSG05
| |--N. a. var. amphibiaCFW59
| `--N. a. var. acutiuscula Cl. & Grun. 1880CFW59
|--N. amphioxysG64
|--N. angularis W. Sm. 1853CFW59
|--N. angustataSG05
| |--N. a. var. angustataSG05
| `--N. a. var. acutaSG05
|--N. apiculataC-SC06
|--N. arcuataG64
|--N. australis (Perag.) Mann 1937 [=N. dubia var. australe Perag. 1921]W61a
|--N. bilobataM01
|--N. brebissonii W. Sm. 1853CFW59
|--N. bremenensis Hust. in A.S. 1921W61a
|--N. brightwellii Kitton in Pritch. 1861W61a
|--N. circumsuta (Bail.) Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880 [=Surirella circumsuta Bail. 1850]W61b
|--N. closterium (Ehr.) W. Sm. 1853CFW59 [=Ceratoneis closterium Ehr. 1840CFW59, Cylindrotheca closteriumG75]
|--N. cocconeiformisG75
|--N. communisDO17
|--N. commutata Grunow in Cleve & Grunow 1880 [=Navicula commutata]SV03
|--N. composita Giffen 1971G75
|--N. compressa (Bail.) Boyer 1916 [=Pyxidicula compressa Bail. 1850]W61a
|--N. condemnata Cholnoky 1968G75
|--N. corpulenta Hendey 1957G63
|--N. debilisG63
|--N. dissipata (Kützing) Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880G75, CFW59 [=Synedra dissipata Kützing 1844CFW59]
|--N. distansG75
| |--N. d. var. distansW61a
| |--N. d. var. australiensisCFW59
| `--N. d. var. tumescens Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880W61a
|--N. dubiaG64
| |--N. d. var. dubiaG64
| `--N. d. var. constricta [=Synedra constricta]G64
|--N. entomonCFW59
|--N. fasciculataTaJ06
|--N. fraudulentaM01
|--N. frustulumG75
| |--N. f. var. frustulumG75
| `--N. f. var. subsalinum Hustedt 1930G75
|--N. gracilis Hantzsch 1859W61a
|--N. graeffii Grun. in Cleve 1878W61a
|--N. grandisW61a
|--N. granulata Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880 [=Tryblionella granulata Grun. in Cleve 1878]W61b
|--N. groveana [incl. N. antiqua]CFW59
|--N. groveiCFW59
|--N. gruendleri Grun. in Cl. 1877CFW59
|--N. guineensis Hust. 1922CFW59
|--N. homburgiensisVVZ11
|--N. hummiiTaJ06
|--N. hungarica Grun. 1862CFW59
|--N. hustedtianaG63 [incl. N. compressa var. minorW61a, N. punctata f. minorG63]
|--N. hybridaeformis Hustedt 1955G75
|--N. incolorM01
|--N. insignisM01
| |--N. i. var. insignisM01
| `--N. i. var. smithiiM01
|--N. interruptaG63
|--N. jouseaeBC79
|--N. lanceolataG75
|--N. lata [=N. panduriformis var. lata]CFW59
|--N. levidensisG63 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. linearisSG05
|--N. litoralis [=N. tryblionella var. litoralis]G75
|--N. longissima (Breb.) Ralfs in Pritch. 1861 [=Ceratoneis longissima Breb. in Kütz. 1849]CFW59
|--N. lorenziana Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880W61a
| |--N. l. var. lorenzianaG63
| `--N. l. var. subtilisG63 [=N. palea var. subtilisM01]
|--N. macilentaG64
|--N. maleinterpretariaEB93
|--N. marginulataCFW59
| |--N. m. var. marginulataCFW59
| `--N. m. var. subconstricta Cl. & Grun. 1880CFW59
|--N. martiana (Ag.) Schütt 1896 [=Homoeocladia martiana Ag. 1830; incl. H. moniliformis Kütz. 1844]CFW59
|--N. mediaG75
|--N. microcephalaG63
|--N. minutissimaG64
|--N. miserabilis Cholnoky 1963G75
|--N. mollis Hustedt 1952G63
|--N. nicobaricaCFW59
|--N. novae-hollandiaeCFW59
|--N. obtusaTaJ06
| |--N. o. var. obtusaTaJ06
| `--N. o. var. scalpelliformisTaJ06
|--N. ovalisG75
|--N. pacifica Cupp 1943CFW59
|--N. paleaTaJ06
|--N. paleaeformisThJ06
|--N. panduriformis Greg. 1857W61b
|--N. paradoxa (Gmelin) Grunow in Cleve & Grunow 1880 (nom. cons.)M70 [=Bacillaria paradoxa Gmelin 1788G63, CFW59]
|--N. partita Hustedt 1952G63
|--N. parvulaG64
|--N. perminutaG63
|--N. plana W. Sm. 1853CFW59
|--N. plicatula Hustedt 1953G63
|--N. polaris Grun. 1884W61a
|--N. procera Hustedt 1955G75
|--N. prolongata Hustedt 1937–1939 [=N. perlongata (l. c.)]G63
|--N. pseudohybrida Hustedt 1955G75
|--N. punctata (Smith) Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880 [=Tryblionella punctata Smith 1883]W61a
| |--N. p. var. punctataG63
| `--N. p. var. coarctataG63
|--N. pungensBMG95
|--N. pusillaTaJ06
|--N. reinholdiiBC79
|--N. (sect. Panduriformes) rorida Giffen 1975G75
|--N. ruda Cholnoky 1968 [=N. rudis]G75
|--N. scalarisG64
|--N. seriata Cl. 1883CFW59
|--N. sigma (Kütz.) W. Sm. 1853 [=Synedra sigma Kütz. 1844]CFW59
| |--N. s. var. sigmaW61a
| |--N. s. var. intercedensM01
| `--N. s. var. rigida Grun. in Schneider 1878W61a
|--N. sigmoidea (Ehrenberg) Smith 1853M70
| |--N. s. var. sigmoideaG64
| `--N. s. var. reflexaG64
|--N. spathulata Smith 1853G75
| |--N. s. var. spathulataM01
| `--N. s. var. hyalinaM01
|--N. spectabilisCFW59
|--N. spiralis Swinhoe 1901S01
|--N. steenbergensis Giffen 1973G75
|--N. stompsii Cholnoky 1963G75
|--N. subacuta Hust. in A.S. 1922W61a
|--N. sublinearisG63
|--N. tenuisG64
|--N. tenuistriata Hust. 1922CFW59
|--N. thermalisG63
|--N. transvaalensis Cholnoky 1958G63
|--N. tryblionella Hantzsch 1859 [incl. Tryblionella hantzschiana Grun. 1862]W61a
| |--N. t. var. tryblionellaW61b
| |--N. t. var. victoriaeW61a
| `--N. t. var. yarrensis Grun. in Cleve & Grun. 1880W61b
|--N. vidovichii [=Homeocladia vidovichii]G75
|--N. vitrea Norm. 1861W61a
| |--N. v. var. vitreaW61a
| `--N. v. var. subvitrea [=N. subvitrea Hust. 1927]W61a
|--N. vivaxG64
`--N. vulpeculoides Giffen 1973G75

Bacillaria paxillifer (Müller) Nitzsch 1817BM08, CFW59 [=Vibrio paxillifer Müller 1786CFW59, Nitzschia paxillifer (Müller) Heiberg 1863G63]

Nitzschia levidensisG63 [=Tryblionella levidensis Smith 1856W61a, N. tryblionella var. levidensis (Smith) Grun. in v H. 1880-1885W61a; incl. T. minorG64, T. victoriaeG64]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BC79] Berggren, W. A., & J. A. Van Couvering. 1979. Quaternary. In: Robison, R. A., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt A. Introduction. Fossilisation (Taphonomy), Biogeography and Biostratigraphy pp. A505–A543. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[BMG95] Berland, B. R., S. Y. Maestrini & D. Grzebyk. 1995. Observations on possible life cycle stages of the dinoflagellates Dinophysis cf. acuminata, Dinophysis acuta and Dinophysis pavillardi. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 9: 183–189.

[BM08] Bruder, K., & L. K. Medlin. 2008. Morphological and molecular investigations of naviculoid diatoms. III. Hippodonta and Navicula s. s. Diatom Research 23 (2): 331–347.

[C-S04] Cavalier-Smith, T. 2004. Chromalveolate diversity and cell megaevolution: interplay of membranes, genomes and cytoskeleton. In: Hirt, R. P., & D. S. Horner (eds) Organelles, Genomes and Eukaryote Phylogeny: An evolutionary synthesis in the age of genomics pp. 75–108. CRC Press.

[C-SC06] Cavalier-Smith, T., & E. E.-Y. Chao. 2006. Phylogeny and megasystematics of phagotrophic heterokonts (kingdom Chromista). Journal of Molecular Evolution 62: 388–420.

[CFW59] Crosby, L. H., & E. J. Ferguson Wood. 1959. Studies on Australian and New Zealand diatoms. II.—Normally epontic and benthic genera. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 86 (1): 1–58, pls 1–9.

[DO17] Dumack, K., H. Öztoprak, L. Rüger & M. Bonkowski. 2017. Shedding light on the polyphyletic thecate amoeba genus Plagiophrys: transition of some of its species to Rhizaspis (Tectofilosida, Thecofilosea, Cercozoa) and the establishment of Sacciforma gen. nov. and Rhogostomidae fam. nov. (Cryomonadida, Thecofilosea, Cercozoa). Protist 168: 92–108.

[EB93] Edwards, D., J. G. Baldauf, P. R. Brown, K. J. Dorning, M. Feist, L. T. Gallagher, N. Grambast-Fessard, M. B. Hart, A. J. Powell & R. Riding. 1993. ‘Algae’. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 15–40. Chapman & Hall: London.

[GPN97] Gatenby, C. M., B. C. Parker & R. J. Neves. 1997. Growth and survival of juvenile rainbow mussels, Villosa iris (Lea, 1829) (Bivalvia: Unionidae), reared on algal diets and sediment. American Malacological Bulletin 14 (1): 57–66.

[G63] Giffen, M. H. 1963. Contributions to the diatom flora of South Africa. I. Diatoms of the estuaries of the eastern Cape Province. Hydrobiologia 21: 201–265.

[G75] Giffen, M. H. 1975. An account of the littoral diatoms from Langebaan, Saldanha Bay, Cape Province, South Africa. Botanica Marina 18: 71–95.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[G64] Gray, J. E. 1864. Handbook of British Water-weeds or Algae. R. Hardwicke: London.

[M70] Meel, L. van. 1970. Etudes limnologiques en Belgique. VI.—Les méandres de la Durme à Hamme (Province de Flandre Orientale). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (13): 1–56.

[M01] Mereschkowsky, C. 1901. A list of Californian diatoms (continued). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 474–480.

[SV03] Sabbe, K., E. Verleyen, D. A. Hodgson, K. Vanhoutte & W. Vyverman. 2003. Benthic diatom flora of freshwater and saline lakes in the Larsemann Hills and Rauer Islands, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 15 (2): 227–248.

[SG05] Sau, A., & R. K. Gupta. 2005. Algal flora of Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 63–86.

[TaJ06] Taukulis, F. E., & J. John. 2006. Diatoms as ecological indicators in lakes and streams of varying salinity from the wheatbelt region of Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (1): 17–25.

[ThJ06] Thomas, E. J., & J. John. 2006. Diatoms and macroinvertebrates as biomonitors of mine-lakes in Collie, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (3): 109–117.

[UPS98] Underwood, G. J. C., J. Phillips & K. Saunders. 1998. Distribution of estuarine benthic diatom species along salinity and nutrient gradients. European Journal of Phycology 33: 173–183.

[VVZ11] Van de Vijver, B., R. Zidarova, M. Sterken, E. Verleyen, M. de Haan, W. Vyverman, F. Hinz & K. Sabbe. 2011. Revision of the genus Navicula s.s. (Bacillariophyceae) in inland waters of the sub-Antarctic and Antarctic with the description of five new species. Phycologia 50 (3): 281–297.

[W61a] Wood, E. J. F. 1961a. Studies on Australian and New Zealand diatoms. IV.—Descriptions of further sedentary species. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 88 (4): 669–698.

[W61b] Wood, E. J. F. 1961b. Studies on Australian and New Zealand diatoms. V.—The Rawson Collection of recent diatoms. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 88 (4): 699–712.

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