Nonomuria

Nonomuria rubra, copyright Leibniz-Institut DSMZ.

Belongs within: Streptosporangiaceae.

Nonomuria is a genus of filamentous bacteria forming aerial mycelia with chains of spores that are hooked, spiral or straight (Zhang et al. 1998).

Characters (from Zhang et al. 1998): Gram-positive, non-acid-fast, extensively branched substrate and aerial mycelium. Aerial mycelia bearing chains of spores that are hooked, spiral or straight. Spore surface folded, irregular, smooth or warty. Growth temperature from 20–45°C, occasionally up to 55°C. Cell wall containing meso-DAP, whole-cell hydrolysate containing madurose as diagnostic sugar. Predominant menaquinones MK-9(H4), -9(H2) and -9(H0). Phospholipids type IV (PE, DPG, NPG, OH-PE). Major types of fatty acids 10 methyl-17- and iso-16-branched fatty acids. G+C content 64–69%.

<==Nonomuria Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998ZWR98
    |--*N. pusilla (Nonomura & Ohara) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 (see below for synonymy)ZWR98
    `--+--+--*Thermoactinospora rubra Zhou et al. 2012NC18
       |  `--N. soliNC18
       `--+--+--N. angiospora (Zhukova et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
          |  `--+--N. spiralis (Meyer) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
          |     `--+--N. helvata (Nonomura & Ohara) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
          |        `--N. polychroma (Galatenko et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 (see below for synonymy)ZWR98
          `--+--N. gerenzanensisNC18
             |--N. jabiensisNC18
             `--+--+--N. thermotoleransNC18
                |  `--+--N. fastidiosa (Soina et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
                |     `--+--N. wenchangensisNC18
                |        `--+--N. bangladeshensisNC18
                |           `--N. coxensisNC18
                `--+--+--N. jiangxiensis Li et al. 2012NC18
                   |  `--+--N. maritimaNC18
                   |     |--N. roseoviolacea (Nonomura & Ohara) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, JC08 (see below for synonymy)
                   |     |    |--N. r. ssp. roseoviolaceaJC08
                   |     |    `--N. r. ssp. carminata (Gauze et al. 1973) Gyobu & Miyadoh 2001JC08
                   |     `--N. rubra (Sveshnikova et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
                   `--+--+--N. candida Le Roes & Meyers 2009NC18
                      |  `--N. longicatenaNC18
                      `--+--+--N. kuesteri Kämpfer et al. 2005NC18
                         |  `--+--N. fusciroseaNC18
                         |     `--N. maheshkhaliensisNC18
                         `--+--+--+--N. africana (Preobrazhenskaya & Sveshnikova) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
                            |  |  `--N. recticatena (Gauze et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
                            |  `--+--N. dietziaeNC18
                            |     `--N. roseola (Lavrova & Preobrazhenskaya) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 (see below for synonymy)
                            `--+--N. thailandensisNC18
                               |--+--N. roseaNC18
                               |  `--N. solani Wang et al. 2013NC18
                               `--+--N. monosporaNC18
                                  `--+--N. syzygiiNC18
                                     `--+--N. purpureaNC18
                                        `--N. rhizophilaNC18
Nonomuria incertae sedis:
  N. antimicrobicaNC18
  N. endophyticaNC18
  N. ferruginea (Meyer) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 (see below for synonymy)ZWR98
  N. flavidaNC18
  N. flexuosa (Krassilnikov & Agre) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 (see below for synonymy)ZWR98
  N. indicaNC18
  N. muscovyensisNC18
  N. salmonea (Preobrazhenskaya et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 (see below for synonymy)ZWR98
  N. turkmeniaca (Terekhova et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 (see below for synonymy)ZWR98
  N. zeaeNC18

Nonomuria africana (Preobrazhenskaya & Sveshnikova) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Actinomadura africana Preobrazhenskaya & Sveshnikova 1974ZWR98, Microtetraspora africana (Preobrazhenskaya & Sveshnikova) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria angiospora (Zhukova et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Micropolyspora angiospora Zhukova et al. 1968ZWR98, Microtetraspora angiospora (Zhukova et al.) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria fastidiosa (Soina et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Actinomadura fastidiosa Soina et al. 1975ZWR98, Microtetraspora fastidiosa (Soina et al.) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria ferruginea (Meyer) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 [=Actinomadura ferruginea Meyer 1979, Microtetraspora ferruginea (Meyer) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990]ZWR98

Nonomuria flexuosa (Krassilnikov & Agre) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 [=Thermopolyspora flexuosa Krassilnikov & Agre 1964, Microtetraspora flexuosa (Krassilnikov & Agre) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990]ZWR98

Nonomuria helvata (Nonomura & Ohara) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Actinomadura helvata Nonomura & Ohara 1971ZWR98, Microtetraspora helvata (Nonomura & Ohara) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria polychroma (Galatenko et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 [=Actinomadura polychroma Galatenko et al. 1981, Microtetraspora polychroma (Galatenko et al.) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990]ZWR98

*Nonomuria pusilla (Nonomura & Ohara) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 [=Actinomadura pusilla Nonomura & Ohara 1971, Microtetraspora pusilla (Nonomura & Ohara) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990]ZWR98

Nonomuria recticatena (Gauze et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Actinomadura recticatena Gauze et al. 1984ZWR98, Microtetraspora recticatena (Gauze et al.) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria roseola (Lavrova & Preobrazhenskaya) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Actinomadura roseola Lavrova & Preobrazhenskaya 1975ZWR98, Microtetraspora roseola (Lavrova & Preobrazhenskaya) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria roseoviolacea (Nonomura & Ohara) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, JC08 [=Actinomadura roseoviolacea Nonomura & Ohara 1971ZWR98, Microtetraspora roseoviolacea (Nonomura & Ohara) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria rubra (Sveshnikova et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Micromonospora rubra Sveshnikova et al. 1969ZWR98, Actinomadura rubra Mayer & Sveshnikova 1974ZWR98, Microtetraspora rubra (Sveshnikova et al.) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria salmonea (Preobrazhenskaya et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 [=Actinomadura salmonea Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1997, Microtetraspora salmonea (Preobrazhenskaya et al.) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990]ZWR98

Nonomuria spiralis (Meyer) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998NC18, ZWR98 [=Actinomadura spiralis Meyer 1979ZWR98, Microtetraspora spiralis (Meyer) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990ZWR98]

Nonomuria turkmeniaca (Terekhova et al.) Zhang, Wang & Ruan 1998 [=Actinomadura turkmeniaca Terekhova et al. 1982, Microtetraspora turkmeniaca (Terekhova et al.) Kroppenstedt et al. 1990]ZWR98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[JC08] Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. 2008. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58: 1755–1763.

[NC18] Nouioui, I., L. Carro, M. García-López, J. P. Meier-Kolthoff, T. Woyke, N. Kyrpides, C., R. Pukall, H.-P. Klenk, M. Goodfellow & M. Göker. 2018. Genome-based taxonomic classification of the phylum Actinobacteria. Frontiers in Microbiology 9: 2007.

[ZWR98] Zhang, Z., Y. Wang & J. Ruan. 1998. Reclassification of Thermomonospora and Microtetraspora. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 48: 411–422.

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