Nothridae

Nothrus silvestris, copyright R. Penttinen.

Belongs within: Holonota.

The Nothridae are a cosmopolitan group of oribatid mites found feeding on decaying plant matter and fungi. Members of the largest genus in the family, Nothrus, are parthenogenetic but the smaller genera Trichonothrus and Novonothrus reproduce sexually (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). The greater number of species of Nothrus have been recorded from the Holarctic region but a number of species have disjunct distribution in the northern and southern temperate regions: for instance, Nothrus silvestris is known from New Zealand as well as across the Holarctic (Subías 2004).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Integument distinctly foveolate; rostrum with short medial incision; bothridial seta setiform, longer than seta in; bothridium basally with many saccules or short brachytracheae; epimere II with 3 or more pairs of setae; 9 pairs of genital setae, 1 posterior pair far from medial edge of plate.

<==Nothridae [Nothroidea]S04
    |--Trichonothrus Mahunka 1986S04
    |    |--*T. austroafricanus Mahunka 1986S04
    |    `--T. hallidayi Colloff 2011C11
    |--Novonothrus Balogh 1972C11
    |    |--N. flagellatus groupC11
    |    |    |--*N. flagellatus Hammer 1966S04
    |    |    `--N. coronospinosus Colloff 2011C11
    |    |--N. barringtonensis groupC11
    |    |    |--N. barringtonensis Colloff 2011C11
    |    |    |--N. nothofagii Colloff 2011C11
    |    |    `--N. silvanus Colloff 2011C11
    |    `--N. puyehue groupC11
    |         |--N. covarrubiasi Casanueva & Norton 1997S04
    |         |--N. glabriseta Colloff 2011C11
    |         |--N. kethleyi Casanueva & Norton 1998S04
    |         `--N. puyehue Casanueva & Norton 1997S04
    `--Nothrus Koch 1835C11 [=Angelia Berlese 1885S04; incl. Gymnonothrus Ewing 1917S04, Vigilomicrozetes Tseng 1982S04]
         |--*N. palustris Koch 1839S04 [=*Angelia palustrisCH98]
         |    |--N. p. palustris [incl. N. pallens Koch 1844]S04
         |    |--N. p. azorensis Pérez-Íñigo 1987S04
         |    `--N. p. bipilis Banks 1895S04
         |--N. akitaensis Fujikawa 1999S04
         |--N. anauniensis Canestrini & Fanzago 1876S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. angolensis Balogh 1958 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. ashoroensis Fujikawa 1999S04
         |--N. asiaticus Aoki & Ohnishi 1974 [=N. palustris asiaticus]S04
         |--N. basilewskyi Balogh 1958S04
         |--N. becki Balogh & Mahunka 1981S04
         |--N. biciliatus Koch 1841 (n. d.)S04 [=Camisia biciliatusCH98]
         |--N. bicolor Koch 1844 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. bispinosus Koch 1839 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. borussicus Sellnick 1928S04
         |    |--N. b. borussicusS04
         |    `--N. b. neonominatus Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy)S04
         |--N. brasilensis Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1988S04
         |--N. brevirostris (Ewing 1910) [=Notaspis brevirostris]S04
         |--N. coniferus Gordeeva & Karppinen 1984S04
         |--N. corticalis Karpelles 1893 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. crassisetus Mahunka 1982S04
         |--N. crinitus (Berlese 1916) (see below for synonymy)S04
         |--N. discifer Hammer 1961S04
         |--N. ellipticus Haupt 1882 (n. d.)M98
         |--N. espinarensis Beck 1962S04
         |--N. ezoensis Fujikawa 1999S04
         |--N. flagellum Csiszár 1961S04
         |--N. gracilis Hammer 1961S04
         |--N. hatanoensis Fujikawa 1999S04
         |--N. hauseri Mahunka 1974S04
         |--N. illautus Sellnick 1918S93
         |--N. ishikariensis Fujikawa 199S04
         |--N. jaliscoensis Palacios-Vargas & Iglesias 1997S04
         |--N. kuehliM98
         |--N. leleupi Balogh 1958S04
         |--N. longipilus (Berlese 1910) [=Angelia anaueniensis longipilus]S04
         |--N. lucunosus Sergienko & Melamud 1993S04
         |--N. lugubris Canestrini 1898 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. macedi Beck 1962S04
         |--N. madagascarensis Mahunka 2000S04
         |--N. magnus Palacios-Vargas & Iglesias 1997S04
         |--N. meakanensis Fujikawa 1999S04
         |--N. minimus Koch 1844 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. mirabilis Sergienko & Melamud 1993S04
         |--N. monodactylus (Berlese 1910) (see below for synonymy)S04
         |--N. monticola Hammer 1961S04
         |--N. mystax Mahunka 1986S04
         |--N. oblongus Hammer 1961S04
         |--N. obsoletus (Koch 1841) (n. d.) [=Celaeno obsoletus]S04
         |--N. oceanicus Sellnick 1959S04
         |--N. ovivorus Packard 1868 (n. d.) [incl. Oribata aspidioti Ashmead 1879]S04
         |--N. parvus Sitnikova 1975S04
         |--N. perezinigoi Mahunka 1980S04
         |--N. peruensis Hammer 1961S04
         |--N. pileiformis Karpelles 1884 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. posticus Koch 1839 (n. d.)S04
         |--N. praeoccupatus Subías 2004 [=Vigilomicrozetes pulchellus Tseng 1982 non Angelia pulchella Berlese 1910]S04
         |--N. pratensis Sellnick 1928S04
         |--N. pulchellus (Berlese 1910) [=Angelia pulchella]S04
         |--N. pumilatus Golosova & Karppinen 1985S04
         |--N. punctulumM98
         |--N. pupuensis (Hammer 1966) [=Novonothrus pupuensis, Nov. papuensis (l. c.)]C11
         |--N. quadracanthus Haupt 1882M98
         |--N. quadripilus Ewing 1909S04
         |--N. reticulatus Sitnikova 1975S04
         |--N. reunionensis Mahunka 1978S04
         |--N. sadoensis Fujikawa 1999S04
         |--N. senegalensis Mahunka 1992S04
         |--N. septatus Golosova & Karppinen 1985S04
         |--N. seychellensis Warburton 1912 [incl. N. scotti Warburton 1912]S04
         |--N. silvestris Nicolet 1855ME09 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--N. s. silvestrisS04
         |    |--N. s. bistilus Jacot 1937S04
         |    `--N. s. exilior Jaoct 1937S04
         |--N. silvicus Jacot 1937 [=N. truncatus silvicus]S04
         |--N. springsmythi Sheals 1965S04
         |--N. sulcatusM98
         |--N. suramericanus Hammer 1958S04
         |--N. taisetsuensis Fujikawa 1999S04
         |--N. truncatus Banks 1895S04
         |    |--N. t. truncatusS04
         |    `--N. t. robustus Jacot 1937S04
         `--N. willmanni Mahunka 1983S04

Nothrus anauniensis Canestrini & Fanzago 1876S04 [=N. silvestris anauniensisB-PE07; incl. N. pseudoborussicus Mahunka 1978S04]

Nothrus borussicus neonominatus Subías 2004 [=N. borussicus longipilus Mihelčič 1959 non Angelia anauniensis longipilus Berlese 1910]S04

Nothrus crinitus (Berlese 1916) non Warburton & Pearce 1905 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.) [=Angelia pulchella var. crinita]S04

Nothrus monodactylus (Berlese 1910) [=Angelia anauniensis monodactyla non Nothrus monodactylus Michael 1888 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.); incl. N. terminalis carolinae Jaoct 1937, N. terminalis Banks 1910]S04

Nothrus silvestris Nicolet 1855ME09 [=*Gymnonothrus sylvestrisCH98, Angelia sylvestrisM98, Nothrus sylvaticus (l. c.)L87, N. sylvestrisL87]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B-PE07] Behan-Pelletier, V. M., & B. Eamer. 2007. Aquatic Oribatida: adaptations, constraints, distribution and ecology. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 71–82. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[C11] Colloff, M. J. 2011. A review of the oribatid mite family Nothridae in Australia, with new species of Novonothrus and Trichonothrus from rain forest and their Gondwana biogeographical affinities (Acari: Oribatida). Zootaxa 3005: 1–44.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[L87] Luxton, M. 1987. The British oribatid mites (Acari: Cryptostigmata) of Warburton and Pearce. Journal of Natural History 21: 1359–1365.

[ME09] Maraun, M., G. Erdmann, G. Schulz, R. A. Norton, S. Scheu & K. Domes. 2009. Multiple convergent evolution of arboreal life in oribatid mites indicates the primacy of ecology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 276: 3219–3227.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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