Wilson’s storm petrel Oceanites oceanicus, photographed by J. J. Harrison.

Belongs within: Procellariiformes.

The Oceanitinae includes the southern storm petrels, small seabirds mostly found in the Southern Hemisphere that differ from the similar northern storm petrels of the Hydrobatinae in their nearly square tails. They feed by ‘walking’ along the surface of the water, picking small animals from the surface. Wilson’s storm petrel Oceanites oceanicus is the only species whose range extends into the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in the Northern Atlantic.

<==Oceanitidae [Oceanitinae]
    |  i. s.: Nesofregetta fuliginosaMPR02, JT12
    |--Oceanites Keyserling & Blasius 1840JT12, CC10 [incl. Pealeornis Mathews 1932CC10, Procellata Bianchi 1913CC10]
    |    |--O. oceanicus (Kuhl 1820) (see below for synonymy)CC10
    |    |    |--O. o. oceanicus (see bleow for synonymy)CC10
    |    |    `--O. o. exasperatus Mathews 1912CC10
    |    |--O. gracilisJT12
    |    |--O. maorianus (Mathews 1932)JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--O. zaloscarthmus Olson 1985B93
    `--+--Fregetta Bonaparte 1855JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
       |    |--F. grallaria (Vieillot 1818) (see below for synonymy)CC10
       |    |    |--F. g. grallaria (see below for synonymy)CC10
       |    |    |--*F. g. leucogaster (Gould 1844) [=Thalassidroma leucogaster]CC10
       |    |    |--F. g. segethi (Philippi & Landbeck 1860)CC10
       |    |    `--F. g. titan Murphy 1928CC10
       |    `--F. tropica (Gould 1844) (see below for synonymy)CC10
       `--+--Garrodia Forbes 1881JT12, CC10
          |    `--*G. nereis (Gould 1841) (see below for synonymy)CC10
          `--Pelagodroma Reichenbach 1853JT12, CC10
               |--*P. marina (Latham 1790) (see below for synonymy)CC10
               |    |--P. m. marinaCC10
               |    |--P. m. dulciae Mathews 1912 [incl. P. marina howei Mathews 1912]CC10
               |    |--P. m. eadesi Bourne 1953CC10
               |    |--P. m. hypoleuca Moquin-Tandon 1841CC10
               |    `--P. m. maoriana Mathews 1912 [incl. Procellaria passerina Mathews 1912, Pe. marina passerina]CC10
               `--P. albiclunis Murphy & Irving 1951 [=P. marina albiclunis]CC10

Fregetta Bonaparte 1855JT12, CC10 [incl. Cymodroma Ridgway 1884CC10, Fregandria Mathews 1938CC10, Fregettornis Mathews 1912CC10, Fregodroma Mathews 1937CC10, Fregolla Mathews 1937CC10, Pealea Ridgway 1886CC10]

Fregetta grallaria (Vieillot 1818) [=Procellaria grallaria, *Cymodroma grallaria, *Fregettornis grallarius, Procellaria (Pelagodroma) grallaria; incl. Procellaria aquerea Kuhl 1820, Fregettornis grallaria aquerea, Fregettornis guttata Mathews 1933]CC10

Fregetta grallaria grallaria (Vieillot 1818) [incl. Fregettornis alisteri Mathews 1915, Fregetta leucogaster deceptis Mathews 1932, Fregodroma deceptis, Cymodroma howensis Mathews 1928, Fregettornis innominatus Mathews 1915, Fregettornis grallaria innominatus, Fregettornis insularis Mathews 1915, Cymodroma grallaria insularis, Fregettornis royanus Mathews 1914, C. royana, Fregettornis grallaria royana (l. c.)]CC10

Fregetta tropica (Gould 1844) [=Thalassidroma tropica, Cymodroma tropica, *Fregodroma tropica, Oceanitis (l. c.) tropica; incl. Fregetta tropica australis Mathews 1914, Fregetta tropica australia (l. c.), Fregodroma tropica australis, Fregetta leucothysanus Mathews 1937, Fregodroma deceptis leucothysanus, Thalassidroma lineata Peale 1848, Cymodroma lineata, Fregetta lineata, *Pealea lineata, Procellaria (Oceanites) lineata, Thalassidroma melanogaster Gould 1844, Cymodroma melanogaster, Fregetta tropica melanogaster, Fregetta melanogastra, Fregodroma tropica melanogaster, Oceanites melanogastra, Thalassidroma melanogastra, Procellaria (Pelagodroma) melanogaster, Pr. melanogastra, Fregetta melanoleuca Salvadori 1908, *Fregandria melanoleuca, Fregetta tropica melanoleuca, Fregettornis melanoleuca, *Fregolla melanoleuca, Fregetta tubulata Mathews 1912]CC10

*Garrodia nereis (Gould 1841) [=Thalassidroma nereis, Oceanites nereis, Procellaria nereis; incl. O. nereis chubbi Mathews 1912, Garrodia nereis chubbi, O. nereis couesi Mathews 1912, Procellaria longipes Mathews 1912, P. saltatrix Mathews 1912]CC10

Oceanites maorianus (Mathews 1932)JT12, CC10 [=Cymodroma maorianaCC10, Oceanites oceanicus maorianusCC10, *Pealeornis maorianaCC10]

Oceanites oceanicus (Kuhl 1820) [=Procellaria oceanica, O. wilsoni oceanica, *Procellata oceanica, Thalassidroma oceanica; incl. Procellaria wilsoni Bonaparte 1824, *Oceanites wilsoni, Thalassidroma wilsoni]CC10

Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus (Kuhl 1820) [incl. O. oceanicus chilensis Mathews 1934, O. oceanicus magellanicus Roberts 1940, O. oceanicus parvus Falla 1937, O. oceanicus wollastoni Murphy 1936]CC10

*Pelagodroma marina (Latham 1790) [=Procellaria marina, Oceanites marinus, Thalassidroma marina; incl. Pr. aequorea Gray 1844, Pr. fregata Gmelin 1789 non Linnaeus 1766, Pr. (Pelagodroma) fregata, Thalassidroma fregata, T. fregetta, Procellaria fregatta Kuhl 1820]CC10

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327–349.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[MPR02] Mayr, G., D. S. Peters & S. Rietschel. 2002. Petrel-like birds with a peculiar foot morphology from the Oligocene of Germany and Belgium (Aves: Procellariiformes). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22 (3): 667–676.

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