American mint Hyptis suaveolens, photographed by Nirmal Roberts.

Belongs within: Lamiaceae.

The Ocimeae is a clade within the Lamiaceae including basils (Ocimum spp.), lavenders (Lavandula spp.) and related taxa. Monophyly of the group is supported by the presence of dorsiflexed synthecous anthers (Paton et al. 2004). Ocimum species are used as culinary herbs whereas Lavandula species are significant sources of essential oils. Lavandula species bear flowers in clusters on terminal spikes on long stalks. Hyptis, the bushmints, is a genus of herbs and subshrubs found in Africa and the Americas with a pouched lower corolla lip and densely stellate-hairy stems (Hickman 1993).

|--LavandulaB00 [LavandulinaeHPR03]
| |--L. angustifoliaMH98
| |--L. coronopifolia [incl. L. stricta]D17
| |--L. dentataBR65
| |--L. latifoliaKIW98
| |--L. multifida Linnaeus 1753DSA04
| |--L. officinalisB00
| |--L. stoechasBR65
| `--L. veraC55a
`--+--Hanceolinae [Hanceoleae]HPR03
| |--HanceolaHPR03
| `--SiphocranionHPR03
|--Ocimum L. 1753L95 [OciminaeHPR03]
| |--O. americanumS03
| |--O. basilicum L. 1753L95
| |--O. campechianum Mill. 1768 [incl. O. micranthum Willd. 1809]L95
| |--O. canumPP07
| |--O. gratissimumM72
| `--O. tenuiflorum Linn. 1953 [incl. O. sanctum L. 1767]L95
|--Hyptis Jacq. 1787 (nom. cons.)L95 [HyptidinaeHPR03]
| |--H. albidaBTA75
| |--H. americana (Poir.) Briq. in Engler & Prantl 1897 (see below for synonymy)L95
| |--H. atrorubens Poir. 1806L95
| |--H. brevipesC55b
| |--H. capitata Jacq. 1787 [=Mesosphaerum capitatum Kuntze 1891]L95
| |--H. emoryiH93
| |--H. escobilla Urb. 1919L95
| |--H. lantanifolia Poit. 1806 [=Mesosphaerum lantanifolium (Poit.) Kuntze 1891]L95
| |--H. mutabilisJ87
| |--H. obtusifoliaC55b
| |--H. pectinata (L.) Poit. 1806 (see below for synonymy)L95
| |--H. schusteriJ87
| |--H. spicataC55b
| |--H. spicigera Lam. 1789 (see below for synonymy)L95
| |--H. suaveolens (L.) Poit. 1806 (see below for synonymy)L95
| `--H. verticillata Jacq. 1787 [=Mesosphaerum verticillatum (Jacq.) Kuntze 1891]L95
`--Plectranthus L’Her. 1788 (nom. cons.) [incl. Perrierastrum Guillaumin 1930; Plectranthinae]HPR03
|--P. amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. 1825 (see below for synonymy)L95
|--P. argentatusPWP96
|--P. bipinnatus Paton in Harley, Paton & Ryding 2003 (see below for synonymy)HPR03
|--P. comosusH06
|--P. congestusLK14
|--P. dinteriCV06
|--P. gerardianusSS72
|--P. intraterraneusMLP09
|--P. japonicusSS72
|--P. mollisSS72
|--P. nummularius Briq. 1903L95
|--P. parviflorusBR65
|--P. prostratusJ54
|--P. schizophyllusHPR03
|--P. scutellarioides (L.) Br. 1810 (see below for synonymy)L95
|--P. striatusSS72
`--P. unguentariusCV06

Hyptis americana (Poir.) Briq. in Engler & Prantl 1897 [=Satureja americana Poir. 1804; incl. H. scoparia Poit. 1806]L95

Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit. 1806 [=Nepeta pectinata L. 1753, Mesosphaerum pectinatum (L.) Kuntze 1891; incl. Ballota parviflora Sessé & Moç. 1894]L95

Hyptis spicigera Lam. 1789 [incl. Nepeta americana Aubl. 1775, H. americana (Aubl.) Urb. 1918 non (Poir.) Briq. in Engler & Prantl 1897, H. gonocephala Griseb. 1866]L95

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. 1806 [=Ballota suaveolens L. 1759, Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze 1891; incl. Hyptis ebracteata Br. in Ait. 1811]L95

Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. 1825 [=Coleus amboinicus Lour. 1790; incl. C. aromaticus Benth. in Wall. 1831, Plectranthus aromaticus (Benth.) Roxb. 1832 non Roxb. 1814]L95

Plectranthus bipinnatus Paton in Harley, Paton & Ryding 2003 [=*Perrierastrum oreophilum Guillaumin 1930 non Plectranthus oreophilus]HPR03

Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) Br. 1810 [=Ocymum scutellarioides L. 1763, Solenostomon scutellarioides (L.) Codd 1985; incl. Coleus blumei Benth. 1832, Plectranthus blumei (Benth.) Launert 1963]L95

*Type species of generic name indicated


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