Oecanthinae

Prognathogryllus in stem of tree fern Cibotium menziesii, copyright Forest & Kim Starr.

Belongs within: Grylloidea.

The Oecanthinae, tree crickets, are a group of crickets easily distinguished from other grylloides by their deltoid appearance, pale coloration, prognathous mouthparts and bifurcate tarsal claws (Rentz 1996).

<==OecanthinaeR96
    |  i. s.: ParaphasiusO94
    |         Lerneca varipes Walker 1869R18
    |--OecanthiniO94
    |    |--ViphiusO94
    |    |--OecanthodesO94
    |    `--OecanthusR96
    |         |--O. adyeriMC13
    |         |--O. angustusR96
    |         |--O. fasciatusR13
    |         |--O. filigerO94
    |         |--O. fultoniO94
    |         |--O. pellucensR13 [=Gryllus pellucensL49]
    |         `--O. rufescensR96
    `--XabiniO94
         |--Xabea leaiO94, R96
         |--Neoxabea Kirby 1906O94
         `--+--+--Thaumatogryllus Perkins 1899O94
            |  |    |--*T. variegatus Perkins 1899O94
            |  |    |--T. cavicola Gurney & Rentz 1978O94
            |  |    |--T. conanti Otte 1994O94
            |  |    `--T. mauiensis Otte 1994O94
            |  `--Leptogryllus Perkins 1899O94
            |       |  i. s.: L. apicalis Perkisn 1910O94
            |       |         L. deceptor Perkins 1910O94
            |       |         L. kipahulu Otte 1994O94
            |       |         L. perkisni Otte 1994O94
            |       |--+--+--L. poamoho Otte 1994O94
            |       |  |  `--+--L. nigromaculatus Perkins 1899O94
            |       |  |     `--L. haupu Otte 1994O94
            |       |  `--+--+--L. mauumae Otte 1994O94
            |       |     |  `--L. nigrolineatus Perkins 1899 [incl. L. cylindricus Perkins 1910 non Perkins 1899]O94
            |       |     `--+--L. kainalu Otte 1994O94
            |       |        `--+--L. luteus Otte 1994O94
            |       |           `--L. ookala Otte 1994O94
            |       `--+--+--L. kauaiensis Perkins 1899 [incl. L. cylindricus Perkins 1899]O94
            |          |  `--+--L. kaala Otte 1994O94
            |          |     `--L. oahuensis Otte 1994O94
            |          `--+--+--+--L. elongatus Perkins 1899O94
            |             |  |  `--L. kohala Otte 1994O94
            |             |  `--+--L. mauiensis Otte 1994O94
            |             |     `--L. waikemoi Otte 1994O94
            |             `--+--L. fusconotatus Perkins 1899O94
            |                |--L. lanaiensis Otte 1994O94
            |                |--+--*L. forficularis (Brunner 1895) [=Prognathogryllus forficularis]O94
            |                |  `--L. similis Perkins 1899O94
            |                |--+--L. kawela Otte 1994O94
            |                |  `--L. molokai Otte 1994O94
            |                `--+--L. hanaula Otte 1994O94
            |                   |--L. montgomeri Otte 1994O94
            |                   `--L. simillimus Perkins 1899O94
            `--Prognathogryllus Brunner von Wattenwyl 1895 [incl. Aphonogryllus Perkins 1899, Nesogryllus Perkins 1899]O94
                 |  i. s.: P. apteryx (Perkins 1899) (n. d.) [=*Aphonogryllus apteryx]O94
                 |--+--P. epimeces Otte 1994O94
                 |  |--P. haupu Otte 1994O94
                 |  |--P. kahili Otte 1994O94
                 |  |--P. parakahili Otte 1994O94
                 |  `--+--P. elongatus Perkins 1899O94
                 |     `--P. hypomacron Otte 1994O94
                 |--+--*P. alatus Brunner von Wattenwyl 1895O94
                 |  |--P. giganteus Otte 1994O94
                 |  |--P. pihea Otte 1994O94
                 |  |--P. victoriae Otte 1994O94
                 |  |--+--P. flavidus Otte 1994O94
                 |  |  `--P. hea Otte 1994O94
                 |  `--+--P. pararobustus Otte 1994O94
                 |     `--P. robustus Perkins 1899O94
                 `--+--+--+--P. awili Otte 1994O94
                    |  |  `--P. kahea Otte 1994O94
                    |  `--+--P. alapa Otte 1994O94
                    |     |--P. alternatus Otte 1994O94
                    |     |--+--P. makai Otte 1994O94
                    |     |  `--P. weli Otte 1994O94
                    |     `--+--P. olympus Otte 1994O94
                    |        `--P. opua Otte 1994O94
                    `--+--P. aphrastos Otte 1994O94
                       |--P. makakapua Otte 1994O94
                       |--+--P. oahuensis Perkins 1899O94
                       |  `--+--P. spadix Otte 1994O94
                       |     `--P. stridulans (Perkins 1899) [=*Nesogryllus stridulans]O94
                       `--+--+--P. kukui Otte 1994O94
                          |  `--P. parakukui Otte 1994 [=P. neokukui (l. c.)]O94
                          |--+--P. hana Otte 1994O94
                          |  |--P. kipahulu Otte 1994O94
                          |  `--P. waikemoi Otte 1994O94
                          `--+--P. kohala Otte 1994O94
                             `--+--P. mauka Otte 1994O94
                                `--P. puna Otte 1994O94
Nomina nuda: Leptogryllus kilauea Otte 1994O94
             Prognathogryllus polani Otte 1994O94
             Prognathogryllus unia Otte 1994O94
             Prognathogryllus wahiawa Otte 1994O94

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists’ Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

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