Olios

Olios argelasius, copyright Ferran Turmo Gort.

Belongs within: Sparassidae.

The genus Olios has long been used for a poorly defined assemblage of smaller huntsman spiders; the description given below refers to a more restricted grouping, but many species of uncertain affinities remain in the genus (Jäger & Kunz 2005).

Characters (from Jäger & Kunz 2005): Eye field relatively wide, eyes subequal; chelicerae with one or two anterior teeth, three to six distinctly separated posterior teeth, anterior and posterior teeth of similar size, cheliceral furrow without denticles; male embolus with characteristic distal coil, the latter often with appendage at base, tegular apophysis often present; female epigyne usually with longitudinal slit, slit rarely absent with only small part of median septum visible in posterior half of epigyne, anterior part of internal duct system membranous or little sclerotised.

<==Olios Walckenaer 1837JK05
    |--*O. argelasius (Walckenaer 1805)RJ08 [=Sparassus argelasiusJ99, Eusparassus argelasiusPL73]
    |--O. algerianus Lucas 1846E12
    |--O. auricomus Simon 1880JK05
    |--O. barbarus Lucas 1846E12
    |--O. claviger (Pocock 1901)JK05
    |--O. fasciculatus Simon 1880JK05
    |--O. feldmanni Strand 1915J98
    |--O. guineibius Strand 1910S10
    |--O. guttipes (Simon 1897) [=Sparassus (Vindullus) guttipes]RJ08
    |--O. javensis Doleschall 1857D57
    |--O. lamarcki (Latreille 1806) [=Thomisus lamarcki]K92
    |--O. lunula Doleschall 1857D57
    |--O. malagassus Strand 1907JK05
    |--O. malayanus Doleschall 1857D57
    |--O. mygalinus Doleschall 1857D57
    |--O. nossibeensis Strand 1907JK05
    |--O. oraniensis Lucas 1846E12
    |--O. pusillus Simon 1880JK05
    |--O. rufilatus (Pocock 1899)JK05
    |--O. similis (Pickard-Cambridge 1890) [=Vindullus similis, Sparassus similis]RJ08
    |--O. stictopus (Pocock 1898) [=Sparassus (Vindullus) stictopus]RJ08
    |--O. testaceus Doleschall 1859D59
    |--O. werneri (Simon 1906)JK05
    `--O. zonatus Doleschall 1859D59

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[D57] Doleschall, C. L. 1857. Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië, series 3, 3 (5–6): 399–434, pls 1–2.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1-18.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[J99] Jäger, P. 1999. Sparassidae—the valid scientific name for the huntsman spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 17: 1–10.

[JK05] Jäger, P., & D. Kunz. 2005. An illustrated key to genera of African huntsman spiders (Arachnida, Araneae, Sparassidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 163–213.

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[PL73] Platnick, N., & H. W. Levi. 1973. On family names of spiders. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 2 (8): 166–167.

[RJ08] Rheims, C. A., & P. Jäger. 2008. Revision of the Neotropical huntsman spider genus Vindullus Simon (Araneae, Sparassidae). Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 221–231.

[S10] Strand, E. 1910. Spinnentiere aus Neuguinea (Opiliones, Psechridae und Clubionidae) gesammelt von Dr. Schlaginhaufen. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königl. Zoologischen und Anthropologisch-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 13 (5): 1–16.

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