Olpioidea

Synsphyronus sp., from Western Australian Museum.

Belongs within: Panctenata.
Contains: Olpiinae, Garypidae.

The Olpioidea was recognised by Harvey (1992) for the families Menthidae and Olpiidae on the basis of the presence of trichobothria on the pedipalpal femur. However, molecular phylogenetic analysis suggests that the Garypidae also fall within the clade formed by these families (Murienne et al. 2008).

<==Olpioidea
    |--MenthidaeH06
    |    |--OligomenthusH06
    |    |--ParamenthusH06
    |    |--Thenmus Harvey in Harvey & Muchmore 1990H06
    |    |    |--*T. aigialites Harvey in Harvey & Muchmore 1990H06
    |    |    `--T. augustus Harvey 2006H06
    |    `--Menthus Chamberlin 1930H06
    |         |--*M. rossi (Chamberlin 1923) [=Minniza rossi]H06
    |         |--M. californicus Chamberlin 1930H06
    |         |--‘Atemnus’ gracilis [=Lustrochernes gracilis; incl. Menthus lindahli]H06
    |         `--M. mexicanus Hoff 1945H06
    `--OlpiidaeHL08
         |  i. s.: Solinus corticolus (Chamberlin 1923) [=Garypinus corticolus]J97
         |         Ectactolpium simile Beier 1947J97
         |--Hesperolpiinae [Hesperolpiini]HL08
         |    |  i. s.: Aphelolpium Hoff 1964HL08
         |    |           `--A. cayanumM90
         |    |         Calocheirus Chamberlin 1930HL08
         |    |           |--C. atopos Chamberlin 1930J97
         |    |           `--C. tenerifae Mahnert 2002HL08
         |    |         Cardiolpium Mahnert 1986HL08
         |    |         Ectatolpium Beier 1947HL08
         |    |         Hesperolpium Chamberlin 1930HL08
         |    |           |--H. andrewsiM90
         |    |           `--H. slevini (Chamberlin 1923) [=Olpium slevini]J97
         |    |         Planctolpium Hoff 1964HL08
         |    |           |--P. peninsulaeCS90
         |    |           `--P. suteriM90
         |    |         Stenolpiodes Beier 1959HL08
         |    |         Stenolpium Beier 1955HL08
         |    |--Nanolpium Beier 1947MHG08, HL08
         |    `--+--Progarypus Beier 1931MHG08, HL08
         |       |    |--P. gracilis Mahnert 2001HL08
         |       |    |--P. liliae Mahnert 2001HL08
         |       |    |--P. nigrimanus Mahnert 2001HL08
         |       |    |--P. novusM01
         |       |    `--P. setifer Mahnert 2001HL08
         |       `--+--Apolpium Chamberlin 1930MHG08, HL08
         |          |    `--A. parvum Hoff 1945HL08
         |          `--Pachyolpium Beier 1931MHG08, HL08
         |               |--P. atlanticum Mahnert & Schuster 1981H09
         |               |--P. brevipes (With 1907) [=Olpium brevipes]J97
         |               `--P. monaeM90
         `--+--OlpiinaeHL08
            `--GarypidaeHL08

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CS90] Corey, D. T., & I. J. Stout. 1990. Ground surface arachnids in sandhill communities of Florida. Journal of Arachnology 18: 167–172.

[H06] Harvey, M. S. 2006. New species and records of the pseudoscorpion family Menthidae (Pseudoscorpiones). Records of the Western Australian Museum 23 (2): 167–174.

[H09] Harvey, M. S. 2009. The first Australasian species of the halophilic pseudoscorpion genus Paraliochthonius (Pseudoscorpiones: Chthoniidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (3): 329–344.

[HL08] Harvey, M. S., & M. C. Leng. 2008. The first troglomorphic pseudoscorpion of the family Olpiidae (Pseudoscorpiones), with remarks on the composition of the family. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (4): 387–394.

[J97] Judson, M. L. I. 1997. Catalogue of the pseudoscorpion types (Arachnida: Chelonethi) in the Natural History Museum, London. Occasional Papers on Systematic Entomology 11: 1–54.

[M01] Mahnert, V. 2001. Cave-dwelling pseudoscorpions (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones) from Brazil. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 108 (1): 95–148.

[M90] Muchmore, W. B. 1990. Pseudoscorpionida. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 503–527. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[MHG08] Murienne, J., M. S. Harvey & G. Giribet. 2008. First molecular phylogeny of the major clades of Pseudoscorpiones (Arthropoda: Chelicerata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 170–184.

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