Onychiuridae

Probable Tullbergia, copyright Andy Murray.

Belongs within: Collembola.
Contains: Onychiurus.

The Onychiuridae are a family of springtails bearing pseudocelli on the head and a distinctive, usually complex apical organ on the third antennal segment (Christiansen & Bellinger 1980). This organ has two sensory clubs that are smooth and curved towards one another in members of subfamily Tullberginae whereas they are smooth or tuberculate and not converging in Onychiurinae (Womersley 1939). The postantennal organ is absent in the genus Tetrodontophora which also has a well-developed furca (Womersley 1939).

Characters (from Womersley 1939): Eyes absent. Postantennal organ usually present, usually large, complex and situated in transverse groove behind antennal bases. Pseudocelli present. Third antennal sensory organ complex, composed of guard setae, papillae, sensory rods, and large sense clubs. Furca usually absent. Anal spines present or absent. Mandibles with molar area.

<==Onychiuridae [Aphoruridae]
    |  i. s.: Lophognathella Börner 1908CB80
    |           `--*L. choreutes Börner 1908CB80
    |         Sensiphorura Rusek 1976CB80
    |           `--*S. marshalli Rusek 1976CB80
    |         Yoshiiphorura Jordana & Martínez 2004F05
    |           `--*Y. bellingeri Jordana & Martínez 2004F05
    |         PrabhergiaCB80
    |--OnychiurinaeW39
    |    |--Tetrodontophora bielanensisW39, NS03
    |    `--OnychiurusCB80
    `--Tullberginae [Tullbergiidae]W39
         |--NeotullbergiaW39
         |--Stenaphorura Absolon 1900W39
         |    `--S. axelsoni Bagnall 1935W39
         |--Dinaphorura Bagnall 1935W39
         |    |--*D. spinosissima [=Tullbergia spinosissima]W39
         |    |--D. diversispina Womersley 1935W39
         |    `--D. novaehollandiae Womersley 1935W39
         `--Tullbergia Lubbock 1876CB80
              |  i. s.: T. australica Womersley 1933W39
              |         T. bisetosa Börner 1903G86 [incl. T. insularisW39]
              |         T. gambiense Womersley 1935W39
              |         T. mediantarctica Wise 1967W67
              |         T. mexicana Handschin 1928CB80
              |         T. mixta Wahlgren 1906W67
              |         T. quadrispina (Börner 1901) [=Stenaphorura quadrispina]CB80
              |         T. scalpellataW67
              |         T. subantarcticaW67
              |         T. sylvatica Rusek 1971CB80
              |         T. templei Wise 1970G86
              |         T. tillyardi Womersley 1939W39
              |         T. trisetosa (Schäffer 1897) (see below for synonymy)W39
              |--T. (Tullbergia) (see below for synonymy)CB80
              |    |--*T. (T.) antarctica Lubbock 1876CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) ampla Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) anops Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) baconae (Bagnall 1948) [=Mesaphorura baconae]CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) callipygos Börner 1902CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) clavata Mills 1934CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) collis Bacon 1914CB80
              |    |--*Paratullbergia’ concolor Womersley 1930CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) duops Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) falca Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) granulata Mills 1934CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) hades Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) iowensis Mills 1932CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) krausbaueri (Börner 1901) [=*Mesaphorura krausbaueri]CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) latens Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) macrochaeta (Rusek 1976) [=Mesaphorura macrochaeta]CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) mala Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) nulla Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) obtusochaeta (Rusek 1976) [=*Granuliphorura obtusochaeta]CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) pacifica (Rusek 1976) [=Mesaphorura pacifica]CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) ruseki Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80
              |    |--T. (T.) vancouverica (Rusek 1976) [=*Chaetaphorura vancouverica]CB80
              |    `--T. (T.) yosii Rusek 1967 [=T. (Mesaphorura) yosii]CB80
              |--T. (Metaphorura Stach 1954)CB80
              |    |--T. (*M.) affinis Börner 1902CB80
              |    `--T. (M.) knowltoni Wray 1950 [=T. (Mesaphorura) knowltoni]CB80
              `--T. (Neonaphorura Bagnall 1935) [incl. Bachatullbergia Wray 1958]CB80
                   |--T (*N.) duboscqi Denis 1932CB80
                   `--T. (N.) howdeni Wray 1958 [=T. (*Bachatullbergia) howdeni]CB80

Tullbergia trisetosa (Schäffer 1897) [=Aphorura trisetosa; incl. A. trisetosa var. quadrisetosa Willem 1902, Boerneria quadrisetosa]W39

Tullbergia Lubbock 1876 (Tullbergia) [incl. Chaetaphorura Rusek 1976, Granuliphorura Rusek 1976, Mesaphorura Börner 1901, Paratullbergia Womersley 1930]CB80

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CB80] Christiansen, K., & P. Bellinger. 1980. The Collembola of North America north of the Rio Grande: A taxonomic analysis vol. 2. Families Onychiuridae and Isotomidae. Grinnell College: Grinnell (Iowa).

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[G86] Greenslade, P. 1986. Additions to the collembolan fauna of Heard Island. Records of the South Australian Museum 19 (7): 91–96.

[NS03] Nardi, F., G. Spinsanti, J. L. Boore, A. Carapelli, R. Dallai & F. Frati. 2003. Hexapod origins: Monophyletic or paraphyletic? Science 299: 1887–1889.

[W67] Wise, K. A. J. 1967. Collembola (springtails). Antarctic Research Series 10: 123–148.

[W39] Womersley, H. 1939. Primitive Insects of South Australia: Silverfish, springtails, and their allies. South Australian Branch of the British Science Guild: Adelaide.

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