Opiinae

Probable Opius, from here.

Belongs within: Doryctinae.

The Opiinae are a large cosmopolitan group of braconid wasps that are endoparasitic on larval cyclorrhaphous Diptera. In members of the tribe Ademonini, which are parasitic on larvae of Ephydridae inhabiting aquatic plants, the forewing has vein SR1 incomplete and the marginal cell is open; members of other tribes have the marginal cell closed (Achterberg 1993).

Characters (from Achterberg 1993): Labial palp with four segments; occipital carina usually present laterally; pronope more or less developed; vein M+CU1 of forewing often at least partly unsclerotised.

<==OpiinaeA93
    |--BiosteriniA93
    |    |--Sternaulopius bisternaulicusA93
    |    `--BiosteresBS23
    |         |--B. haemorrhousMS01
    |         |--B. palaearcticus Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 [=B. palaearsticus]MS01
    |         `--B. spinaciaeBS23
    `--+--+--Fopius arisanusBS23
       |  `--DoryctobraconBS23
       |       |--D. areolatus (Szépligeti 1911) [incl. Opius tucumanus Blanchard 1966, D. tucumanus]O96
       |       `--D. longicaudataBS23
       `--OpiiniA93
            |  i. s.: Apodesmia irregularisA93
            |         Coleopius grangeriA93
            |--+--Diachasma muliebreBS23
            |  `--DiachasmimorphaBS23
            |       |--D. compereiA93
            |       `--D. longicaudataBS23
            `--+--UtetesBS23
               |--Ademon [Ademonini]BS23
               |    `--A. decrescensA93
               `--OpiusBS23
                    |--O. celsusMS01
                    |--O. cingulatusMS01
                    |--O. fletcheriA71
                    |--O. humilisA71
                    |--O. ilicisA71
                    |--O. longicaudatusA71
                    |--O. obscurus Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901MS01
                    |--O. oophilusA71
                    |--O. rossicus Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901MS01
                    |--O. tacitusMS01
                    |--O. turicai Blanchard 1966O96
                    `--O. vandenboschiA71

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A93] Achterberg, C. van. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1–189.

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BS23] Blaimer, B. B., B. F. Santos, A. Cruaud, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula, I. Mikó, J.-Y. Rasplus, D. R. Smith, E. J. Talamas, S. G. Brady & M. L. Buffington. 2023. Key innovations and the diversification of Hymenoptera. Nature Communications 14: 1212.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[O96] Ovruski, S. M. 1996. The identity of Doryctobracon tucumanus (Blanchard) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Opiinae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (1): 162–163.

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