Opisthosporidia

Nosema apis, a pathogen of bees, from here.

Belongs within: Opisthokonta.
Contains: Microsporea.

The Microsporidia are a group of anaerobic intracellular parasites, usually found in animals, which penetrate the cells of their hosts by means of an extrusive polar tube.

<==OpisthosporidiaAB19
|--Rozella Cornu 1872JK06, AS12 (see below for synonymy)
| `--R. allomycis Faust 1937AB19
|--Aphelidea (see below for synonymy)AB19
| |--ParaphelidiumAB19
| |--Pseudaphelidium Schweikert & Schnepf 1996G00
| | `--*P. drebesii Schweikert & Schnepf 1996G00
| |--Amoeboaphelidium Scherffel 1925G00
| | |--*A. achnanthides Scherffel 1925G00
| | |--A. chlorellavorum Gromov & Mamkaeva 1968G00
| | |--A. protococcarum Gromov & Mamkaeva 1968G00
| | `--A. radiatum Gromov & Mamkaeva 1969G00
| `--Aphelidium Zopf 1885G00
| |--*A. deformans Zopf 1885G00
| |--A. chaetophorae Scherffel 1925G00
| |--A. chlorococcarum Fott 1957 [incl. A. chlorococcarum f. majus Gromov & Mamkaeva 1970]G00
| |--A. lacerans Bruyne 1890G00
| |--A. melosirae Scherffel 1925G00
| `--A. tribonemae Scherffel 1925G00
`--Microsporidia [Microspora, Microsporidea, Polysporidae]JK06
| i. s.: MicrosporidiumCM07
| |--M. ceylonensisN00
| |--M. phytoseiuliBJ02
| `--M. weiseriCM07
| TrachipleistophoraGLB04
| |--T. anthropophtheraN00
| `--T. hominisGLB04
| Ichthyosporidium Caullery & Mesnil 1905KC01
| |--I. giganteumKC01
| `--I. hoferiM02
| Brachiola vesicularumN00
| DesportesiaAS12
| Edhazardia aedisBJ02
| Perezia pyraustaeOH02
| Heterosporis anguillarumVD-VW14
| TrichoduboscqiaVD-VW14
| WeiseriaVD-VW14
| PyrothecaVD-VW14
|--MicrosporeaC-S98
`--Metchnikovellidae [Manubrispora, Metchnikovellea, Metchnikovellida, Rudimicrosporea]VD-VW14
|--MetchnikovellaAS12
`--AmphiamblysVD-VW14

Aphelidea [Aphelida, Aphelidiaceae, Aphelidida, Aphelididae, Aphelidiomyceta, Aphelidiomycetes, Aphelidiomycota, Aphelidiomycotina]AB19

Rozella Cornu 1872JK06, AS12 [=Rozia Cornu 1872KC01; incl. Pleolpidium Fisch. 1892KC01, Skirgiellia Batko 1978KC01; Cryptomycota, Rozellida, Rozellomycota, Rozellomycotina, Rozellosporidia]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AB19] Adl, S. M., D. Bass, C. E. Lane, J. Lukeš, C. L. Schoch, A. Smirnov, S. Agatha, C. Berney, M. W. Brown, F. Burki, P. Cárdenas, I. Čepička, L. Chistyakova, J. del Campo, M. Dunthorn, B. Edvardsen, Y. Eglit, L. Guillou, V. Hampl, A. A. Heiss, M. Hoppenrath, T. Y. James, A. Karnkowska, S. Karpov, E. Kim, M. Kolisko, A. Kudryavtsev, D. J. G. Lahr, E. Lara, L. Le Gall, D. H. Lynn, D. G. Mann, R. Massana, E. A. D. Mitchell, C. Morrow, J. S. Park, J. W. Pawlowski, M. J. Powell, D. J. Richter, S. Rueckert, L. Shadwick, S. Shimano, F. W. Spiegel, G. Torruella, N. Youssef, V. Zlatogursky & Q. Zhang. 2019. Revisions to the classification, nomenclature, and diversity of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 66: 4–119.

[AS12] Adl, S. M., A. G. B. Simpson, C. E. Lane, J. Lukeš, D. Bass, S. S. Bowser, M. W. Brown, F. Burki, M. Dunthorn, V. Hampl, A. Heiss, M. Hoppenrath, E. Lara, E. Le Gall, D. H. Lynn, H. McManus, E. A. D. Mitchell, S. E. Mozley-Stanridge, L. W. Parfrey, J. Pawlowski, S. Rueckert, L. Shadwick, C. L. Schoch, A. Smirnov & F. W. Spiegel. 2012. The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–493.

[BJ02] Becnel, J. J., A. Jeyaprakash, M. A. Hoy & A. Shapiro. 2002. Morphological and molecular characterization of a new microsporidian species from the predatory mite Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari, Phytoseiidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 79: 163–172.

[C-S98] Cavalier-Smith, T. 1998. A revised six-kingdom system of life. Biological Reviews 73: 203–266.

[CM07] Cokendolpher, J. C., & P. G. Mitov. 2007. Natural enemies. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (eds) Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones pp. 339–373. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[GLB04] Gray, M. W., B. F. Lang & G. Burger. 2004. Mitochondria of protists. Annual Review of Genetics 38: 477–524.

[G00] Gromov, B. V. 2000. Algal parasites of the genera Aphelidium, Amoeboaphelidium, and Pseudaphelidium from Cienkovski’s “Monadinea” group as representatives of a new class. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 79 (5): 517–525 (translated: Entomological Review 80 (Suppl. 1): S26–S34).

[JK06] James, T. Y., F. Kauff, C. L. Schoch, P. B. Matheny, V. Hofstetter, C. J. Cox, G. Celio, C. Gueidan, E. Fraker, J. Miadlikowska, H. T. Lumbsch, A. Rauhut, V. Reeb, A. E. Arnold, A. Amtoft, J. E. Stajich, K. Hosaka, G.-H. Sung, D. Johnson, B. O’Rourke, M. Crockett, M. Binder, J. M. Curtis, J. C. Slot, Z. Wang, A. W. Wilson, A. Schüßler, J. E. Longcore, K. O’Donnell, S. Mozley-Standridge, D. Porter, P. M. Letcher, M. J. Powell, J. W. Taylor, M. M. White, G. W. Griffith, D. R. Davies, R. A. Humber, J. B. Morton, J. Sugiyama, A. Y. Rossman, J. D. Rogers, D. H. Pfister, D. Hewitt, K. Hansen, S. Hambleton, R. A. Shoemaker, J. Kohlmeyer, B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, R. A. Spotts, M. Serdani, P. W. Crous, K. W. Hughes, K. Matsuura, E. Langer, G. Langer, W. A. Untereiner, R. Lücking, B. Büdel, D. M. Geiser, A. Aptroot, P. Diederich, I. Schmitt, M. Schultz, R. Yahr, D. S. Hibbett, F. Lutzoni, D. J. McLaughlin, J. W. Spatafora & R. Vilgalys. 2006. Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny. Nature 443: 818–822.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[M02] Munroe, T. A. 2002. Herrings. Family Clupeidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 111–160. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[N00] Nichols, G. L. 2000. Food-borne protozoa. British Medical Bulletin 56 (1): 209–235.

[OH02] Olsen, L. E., & M. A. Hoy. 2002. Heat curing Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari, Phytoseiidae) of a fitness-reducing microsporidium. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 79: 173–178.

[VD-VW14] Vossbrinck, C. R., B. A. Debrunner-Vossbrinck & L. M. Weiss. 2014. Phylogeny of the Microsporidia. In: L. M. Weiss, & J. J. Becnel (eds) Microsporidia: Pathogens of Opportunity pp. 203–220. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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