Lycoptera davidi, copyright Dwergenpaartje.

Belongs within: Teleostei.
Contains: Osteoglossiformes, Otomorpha, Neoteleostei, Stomiatii, Protacanthopterygii.

The Osteoglossocephalai are a major clade of bony fishes including all living teleosts with the exception of the Elopomorpha.

<==Osteoglossocephalai [Branchiostegi]B-RB13
    |--Osteoglossomorpha [Notopteroidei, Osteoglossocephala]B-RB13
    |    |--OsteoglossiformesB-RB13
    |    `--Hiodontidae [Hiodontiformes, Hiodontoidea, Lycopteridae]B-RB13
    |         |--Yanbiania wangqingicaAS09
    |         |--HiodonNE12
    |         |    |--H. alosoidesNE12
    |         |    `--H. tergisiusNE12
    |         `--LycopteraP93
    |              |--L. davidiZBH03
    |              |--L. middendorfiV-RR93
    |              |--L. muroiiZBH03
    |              `--L. sinensisZBH03
    `--Clupeocephala [Abdominales, Argentinoidei, Salmonoidei]B-RB13
         |  i. s.: GaudryellaP06
         |         Daitingichthys tischlingeri Arratia 1987P93
         |         CrossognathiformesP93
         |           |--Crossognathidae [Apsopelicidae, Crossognathoidei, Syllaemidae]P93
         |           |    |--Syllaemus latifronsC77
         |           |    |--Crossognathus sabaudianus Pictet 1858P93
         |           |    `--Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon 1850)P93
         |           |--Plethodidae (see below for synonymy)P93
         |           |    |--Tselfatia formosaGT02
         |           |    |--Plethodus expansus Dixon 1850P93
         |           |    |--BananogmiusP93
         |           |    `--Moorevillia hardi Applegate 1970P93
         |           `--PachyrhizodontoideiP93
         |                |--Notelops [Notelopidae]P93
         |                |    `--N. brama (Agassiz 1841)P93
         |                `--Pachyrhizodontidae [Araripichthyidae, Greenwoodellidae]P93
         |                     |--Pachyrhizodus marathonensis (Etheridge 1905) [=Ichthyodectes marathonensis]F71
         |                     |--Araripichthys castilhoi Silva Santos 1985P93
         |                     |--Rhacolepis buccalis Agassiz 1841P93
         |                     |--Greenwoodella tockensis Taverne & Ross 1973P93
         |                     |--Platinx macropterus (de Blainville 1818)P93
         |                     `--Goulmimichthys robertiVF21
         `--Euteleosteomorpha [Euteleostei, Galaxioidea, Galaxioidei, Neognathi, Stenopterygii]B-RB13
              |  i. s.: PattersonellidaeP93
              |           |--Pattersonella formosa (Traquair 1911)P93
              |           `--Wenzichthys congolensis (Arambourg & Schneegans 1935)P93
              |         Euteleosteorum lobatus (Weiler 1954)P93
              |         Casieroides yamangaensis (Casier 1961)P93
              |         Chardonius longicaudatus (Casier 1961)P93
              |         Pseudoleptolepis minor (Casier 1961)P93
              |    |--Leptolepides sprattiformisNE12, FS10
              |    `--Orthogonikleithrus hoeliiFS10
              `--+--Lepidogalaxias [Lepidogalaxii, Lepidogalaxiidae, Lepidogalaxiiformes]B-RB13
                 |    `--L. salamandroidesNE12

Plethodidae [Bananogmiidae, Niobraridae, Protobramidae, Thryptodontidae, Tselfatiidae, Tselfatioidei]P93

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AS09] Alfaro, M. E., F. Santini, C. Brock, H. Alamillo, A. Dornburg, D. L. Rabosky, G. Carnevale & L. J. Harmon. 2009. Nine exceptional radiations plus high turnover explain species diversity in jawed vertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (32): 13410–13414.

[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[C77] Cope, E. D. 1877. Report upon the extinct Vertebrata obtained in New Mexico by parties of the expedition of 1874. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (2): i–iv, 1–370.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[FS10] Friedman, M., K. Shimada, L. D. Martin, M. J. Everhart, J. Liston, A. Maltese & M. Triebold. 2010. 100-million-year dynasty of giant planktivorous bony fishes in the Mesozoic seas. Science 327: 990–993.

[GT02] Gomez, B., F. Thévenard, M. Fantin & L. Guisberti. 2002. Late Cretaceous plants from the Bonarelli Level of the Venetian Alps, northeastern Italy. Cretaceous Research 23: 671–685.

[NE12] Near, T. J., R. I. Eytan, A. Dornburg, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, M. P. Davis, P. C. Wainwright, M. Friedman & W. L. Smith. 2012. Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (34): 13698–13703.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[P06] Prokofiev, A. M. 2006. Fossil myctophoid fishes (Myctophiformes: Myctophoidei) from Russia and adjacent regions. Journal of Ichthyology 46 (Suppl. 1): S38–S83.

[V-RR93] Vickers-Rich, P., & T. H. Rich. 1993. The ICI Australia Catalogue of the Great Russian Dinosaurs Exhibition 1993–1995. Monash University.

[VF21] Vullo, R., E. Frey, C. Ifrim, M. A. González González, E. S. Stinnesbeck & W. Stinnesbeck. 2021. Manta-like planktivorous sharks in Late Cretaceous oceans. Science 371: 1253–1256.

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