Domestic sheep Ovis aries, copyright Anemone Projectors.

Belongs within: Caprini.

Ovis, the sheep, is a Holarctic genus of bovids characterised by the presence of preorbital, foot and groin glands.

Ovis Linnaeus 1758 [Ovini]L58
| i. s.: O. argaloides Nehring 1891C-B07
| O. guineensis Linnaeus 1758L58
| O. musimonHCI02
| O. shantungensis Teilhard de Chardin & Piveteau 1930C-B07
| O. strepsiceros Linnaeus 1758L58
| O. tragelaphusG42
| O. vigneiBP87
| O. zdanskyi Bohlin 1938C-B07
|--+--O. ammonFS15
| | |--O. a. ammonBP87
| | |--O. a. antiqua (Pommerol 1880)C-B07
| | |--O. a. hodgsoniBP87
| | `--O. a. poliiS73
| `--+--*O. aries Linnaeus 1758GC-BG04 [incl. O. aries var. laticaudataT66]
| `--O. orientalis Gmelin 1774FS15, GC-BG04
| |--O. o. orientalisUSDI77
| |--O. o. ophionUSDI77
| `--O. ‘ophion’ urmianaB-H00
`--+--O. nivicolaFS15
`--+--O. canadensisFS15
| |--O. c. canadensisGHI92
| |--O. c. auduboniD81
| |--O. c. mexicanaEN20
| `--O. c. nelsoniGHI92
`--O. dalliFS15

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B-H00] Barrett-Hamilton, G. E. H. 1900. Note on the common hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus, Linnaeus) and its subspecies or local variations. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 360–368.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[C-B07] Crégut-Bonnoure, E. 2007. Apport des Caprinae et Antilopinae (Mammalia, Bovidae) à la biostratigraphie du Pliocène terminal et du Pléistocène d’Europe. Quaternaire 18 (1): 73–97.

[D81] Day, D. 1981. The Doomsday Book of Animals: A unique natural history of three hundred vanished species. Ebury Press: London.

[EN20] Eggli, U., & R. Nyffeler (eds) 2020. Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Monocotyledons 2nd ed. Springer.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[GHI92] Garland, T., Jr, P. H. Harvey & A. R. Ives. 1992. Procedures for the analysis of comparative data using phylogenetically independent constraints. Systematic Biology 41 (1): 18–32.

[GC-BG04] Gentry, A., J. Clutton-Brock & C. P. Groves. 2004. The naming of wild animal species and their domestic derivatives. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 645–651.

[G42] Gulliver, G. 1842. Observations on the muscular fibres of the oesophagus and heart in some of the vertebrate animals. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 63–72.

[HCI02] Halstead, P., P. Collins & V. Isaakidou. 2002. Sorting the sheep from the goats: morphological distinctions between the mandibles and mandibular teeth of adult Ovis and Capra. Journal of Archaeological Science 29: 545–553.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[S73] Schaller, G. B. 1973. On the behaviour of blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (3): 523–537.

[T66] Tristram, H. B. 1866. Report on the mammals of Palestine. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 84–93.

USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants—republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420–36431.

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