Specimen of wood-dwelling hermit crab Xylopagurus rectus, together with its home, copyright IRD-Poupin.

Belongs within: Anomala.
Contains: Pagurus.

The Paguroidea is a group of marine crustaceans including the hermit crabs of the Paguridae, Parapaguridae and Pylojacquesia colemani, together with the stone crabs of the Lithodidae. Most paguroids have the third maxillipeds widely separated, though they are more closely approximated in Pylojacquesia. The two larger hermit crab families are distinguished by the exopod of the first maxilliped, which bears a flagellum in Paguridae but not in Parapaguridae (McLaughlin & Lemaitre 2001).

    |  i. s.: Pagurixus jerviensis McLaughlin & Haig 1984ML01
    |--Pylojacquesia McLaughlin & Lemaitre 2001 [Pylojacquesidae]ML01
    |    `--*P. colemani McLaughlin & Lemaitre 2001ML01
    |    |--Dermaturus mandtii Brandt 1850ML01
    |    |--Hapalogaster dentata (de Haan 1844)ML01
    |    |--ParalomisML01
    |    |    |--P. hirtaB64
    |    |    |--P. histrix (de Haan 1846)ML01
    |    |    `--P. poorei Ahyong 2010MG-H11
    |    `--LithodesMG-H11
    |         |--L. antarcticaW81
    |         |--L. arctica [incl. Inachus maja]G20
    |         |--L. rachelae Ahyong 2010MG-H11
    |         `--L. santolla (Molina 1782)DAS03
    |    |--StrobopagurusMG-H11
    |    |--ParagiopagurusML01
    |    |    |--P. boletifer (de Saint Laurent 1972)MG-H11
    |    |    |--P. diogenes (Whitelegge 1900)MG-H11
    |    |    `--P. insolitus Lemaitre 1997ML01
    |    |--OncopagurusMG-H11
    |    |    |--O. indicus (Alcock 1905)MG-H11
    |    |    |--O. minutus (Henderson 1896)MG-H11
    |    |    `--O. monstrosus (Alcock 1894)MG-H11
    |    |--ParapagurusML01
    |    |    |--P. alaminos Lemaître 1989DAS03
    |    |    |--P. andreuiL95
    |    |    |--P. latimanus Henderson 1888MG-H11
    |    |    `--P. pilosimanus Smith 1879ML01
    |    `--SympagurusMG-H11
    |         |--S. brevipes (de Saint Laurent 1972)MG-H11
    |         |--S. dimorphus (Studer 1883)MG-H11
    |         |--S. planimanus (de Saint Laurent 1972)MG-H11
    |         `--S. villosus Lemaitre 1996MG-H11
    `--Paguridae [Pagurinae]ML01
         |--Pylopagurus Milne-Edwards & Bouvier 1891ML01
         |--Solitariopagurus Türkay 1986ML01
         |--Alainopagurus McLaughlin 1997ML01
         |--Phimochirus McLaughlin 1981ML01
         |--Tomopagurus wassiL95
         |--Munidopagurus Milne Edwards & Bouvier 1893L95
         |--Tomopaguroides Balss 1912L95
         |--Tomopaguropsis Alcock 1905L95
         |--Lithopagurus Provenzano 1968L95
         |--Paguritta harmsi (Gordon 1935)JG19
         |--Bathypaguropsis yaldwyni McLaughlin 1994MG-H11
         |--Cestopagurus timidus (Roux 1830)MG-H11, KK03
         |--Propagurus haigae (McLaughlin 1997)MG-H11
         |--Spiropagurus fimbriatus Lewinsohn 1982MG-H11
         |--Palaeopagurus deslongchampsi Van Straelen 1925BWW93
         |--Pylopaguropsis Alcock 1905ML01
         |    `--P. zebra (Henderson 1893)MG-H11
         |--Catapagurus Milne-Edwards 1880ML01
         |    `--C. sharreriL95
         |--Labidochirus Benedict 1892ML01
         |    `--L. splendescensL95
         |--Porcellanopagurus Filhol 1885ML01
         |    |--P. edwardsiB64
         |    `--P. filholi de Saint Laurent & McLaughlin 2000MG-H11
         |    |--T. albatrossae (McLaughlin & Haig 1996)MG-H11
         |    `--T. multispina McLaughlin 1997MG-H11
         |    |--L. nanus (Henderson 1888)MG-H11
         |    `--L. triserratus (Ortmann 1892) [=Australeremus triserratus]ML01
         |--Xylopagurus Milne-Edwards 1880ML01
         |    |--*X. rectus Milne Edwards 1880L95
         |    |--X. anthonii Lemaitre 1995L95
         |    |--X. cancellarius Walton 1950ML01 [=Xilopagurus (l. c.) cancellariusL95]
         |    |--X. tayrona Lemaitre & Campos 1993L95
         |    `--X. tenuis Lemaitre 1995L95
         |--Eupagurus Brandt 1851S00
         |    |--E. anachoretusM62
         |    |--E. bernhardusCS77
         |    |--E. chevreuxiPP64
         |    |--E. prideauxiM62
         |    `--E. pubescens (Kröyer 1838) (see below for synonymy)S00
         |--Orthopagurus minimus (Homes 1900)M90, L95
         `--Discorsopagurus schmitti (Stevens 1925)M90, L95

Eupagurus pubescens (Kröyer 1838) [=Pagurus pubescens; incl. E. kroeyeri Smith 1879, E. pubescens var. kroeyeri, Pagurus thompsoni Bell 1853]S00

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B64] Bennett, E. W. 1964. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Crustacea Brachyura. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 153: 1–120.

[BWW93] Briggs, D. E. G., M. J. Weedon & M. A. Whyte. 1993. Arthropoda (Crustacea excluding Ostracoda). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 321–342. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[DAS03] Dixon, C. J., S. T. Ahyong & F. R. Schram. 2003. A new hypothesis of decapod phylogeny. Crustaceana 76: 935–975.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[KK03] Kocataş, A., & T. Katağan. 2003. The decapod crustacean fauna of the Turkish seas. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 63–74.

[L95] Lemaitre, R. 1995. A review of the hermit crabs of the genus Xylopagurus A. Milne Edwards, 1880 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), including descriptions of two new species. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 570: 1–27.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[ML01] McLaughlin, P. A., & R. Lemaitre. 2001. A new family for a new genus and new species of hermit crab of the superfamily Paguroidea (Decapoda: Anomura) and its phylogenetic implications. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (4): 1062–1076.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[M90] Morgan, G. J. 1990. Environmentally induced subsymmetry in the hermit crab, Calcinus dapsiles Morgan (Decapoda, Diogenidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 14 (4): 657–659.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[S00] Stebbing, T. R. R. 1900. Arctic Crustacea: Bruce collection. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 1–16.

[W81] Watson, L. 1981. Sea Guide to Whales of the World. Hutchinson: London.

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