Palaeorhiza (Palaeorhiza)

Palaeorhiza parallela, copyright James Bailey.

Belongs within: Hylaeinae.

The type subgenus of the genus Palaeorhiza is a northern Australasian group of bees that are commonly metallic in coloration and/or marked with yellow (Michener 1965).

Characters (from Michener 1965): Mandibles with bidentate to tridentate apex (exceptionally edentate); glossa of male slender and pointed; clypeo-ocular distance much less than twice maximum diameter of scape; preoccipital carina present, at least medially. Stigma of moderate size, more than half as long as costal margin of marginal cell; marginal cell with free part longer than the rest, apex of cell slightly separated from wing margin; second submarginal cell receiving recurrent veins near ends; propodeum usually with large dorsal surface gently curving onto posterior surface; dorsal surface of propodeum shorter than posterior, seen in profile; ridge in front of mesocoxa sharp. Second tergum with transverse gradulus; eighth sternum of male with apex blunt, bare; penis valves moderately curved down apically.

<==Palaeorhiza Perkins 1908 (Palaeorhiza) [incl. Eupalaeorhiza Meade-Waldo 1914]M65
    |--*P. (P. perviridis (Cockerell 1905) [=Prosopis perviridis]M65
    |--P. (P.) apicata (Smith 1863) [=Prosopis apicata]M65
    |--P. (P.) bagudai Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) basilura Cockerell 1910M65
    |--P. (P.) cassiaefloris (Cockerell 1910) [=Meroglossa cassiaefloris]M65
    |--P. (P.) concorda Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) conica Michener 1965M65
    |--P. (P.) conspicua Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) disrupta Cockerell 1914M65 [=P. parallela disruptaR35]
    |--P. (P.) eboracina (Cockerell 1910) [=Meroglossa eboracina]M65
    |--P. (P.) elegantissima (Dalla Torre 1896) [=Prosopis elegantissima; incl. Pr. elegans Smith 1864 non Smith 1853]M65
    |--P. (P.) flavomellea Cockerell 1910M65
    |--P. (P.) fulva Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) gacellae (Friese 1924) [=Prosopis gacellae]M65
    |--P. (P.) gratiosa Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) hilara Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) humeralis (Friese 1924) [=Prosopis humeralis]M65
    |--P. (P.) imperialis (Smith 1863) [=Prosopis imperialis]M65
    |--P. (P.) infuscata Michener 1965M65
    |--P. (P.) jutefae Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) kurandensis (Cockerell 1909) [=Prosopis kurandensis]M65
    |--P. (P.) luxuriosa (Cockerell 1910) [=Meroglossa luxuriosa]M65
    |--P. (P.) malachisis (Smith 1859) [=Prosopis malachisis]M65
    |--P. (P.) maluae Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) muiri Perkins 1912M65
    |--P. (P.) niveicollis (Friese 1924) [=Prosopis niveicollis]M65
    |--P. (P.) optima Cockerell 1929M65
    |--P. (P.) oqualiensis Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) papuana (Meade-Waldo 1914) [=*Eupalaeorhiza papuana]M65
    |--P. (P.) parallela (Cockerell 1905) [=Prosopis parallela]M65
    |--P. (P.) patricia Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) perkinsi Cockerell 1910M65
    |--P. (P.) permiranda (Cockerell 1909) [=Prosopis permiranda]M65
    |--P. (P.) poecilosoma (Alfken 1926) [=Prosopis poecilosoma]M65
    |--P. (P.) purpurascens (Friese 1924) [=Prosopis purpurascens]M65
    |--P. (P.) purpureocincta Cockerell 1926M65
    |--P. (P.) recessiva Cockerell 1912M65
    |--P. (P.) rectituda Cheesman 1948M65
    |--P. (P.) regalis (Friese 1924) [=Prosopis regalis]M65
    |--P. (P.) regina (Friese 1924) [=Prosopis regina]M65
    |--P. (P.) reginarum (Cockerell 1905) [=Prosopis reginarum]M65
    |--P. (P.) rejecta Cockerell 1929M65
    |--P. (P.) stygica Michener 1965M65
    |--P. (P.) tetraxantha (Cockerell 1911) [=Meroglossa tetraxantha]M65
    |--P. (P.) turneriana (Cockerell 1905) [=Prosopis turneriana]M65
    |--P. (P.) varicolor (Smith 1879) [=Prosopis varicolor, Pr. variicolor Dalla Torre 1896]M65
    |--P. (P.) violacella Michener 1965 [=Prosopis violacea Friese 1924 non Smith 1853]M65
    |--P. (P.) viridifrons Cockerell 1921M65
    `--P. (P.) viridimutans (Cockerell 1910) [=Meroglossa viridimutans]M65

*Type species of generic name indicated


[M65] Michener, C. D. 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific regions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 130: 1–362.

[R35] Rayment, T. 1935. A Cluster of Bees: Sixty essays on the life-histories of Australian bees, with specific descriptions of over 100 new species. Endeavour Press: Sydney.

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