Panelcanida

Holotype of Permoraphidia magnifica, from Béthoux & Nel (2002).

Belongs within: Orthoptera.
Contains: Caelifera.

The Panelcanida is a clade uniting the short-horned grasshoppers with the extinct ‘elcanoids’.

Synapomorphies (from Béthoux & Nel 2002): Forewing vein RP fusing with MA rather than with MA1, basal free part of RP short before fusion; RP posteriorly ramified, with branches simple or weakly ramified; three or less branches of CuA + CuPaα.

<==Panelcanida
    |--Meselcana [Meselcaninae]BN02
    |    |--M. madygenica Sharov 1968BN02
    |    `--M. permelcanoides Gorokhov 1989BN02
    `--Neomeselcanida [Elcanidea, Elcanoidea, Permelcanidae]BN02
         |--Permelcana sojanensis Sharov 1962BN02
         `--ProelcanidaBN02
              |--Proelcana kukalovae (Sharov 1968) [=Permelcana kukalovae]BN02
              |--Promartynovia venicosta Tillyard 1937BN02
              |--PermoraphidioideaGR02
              |    |--PseudelcanaRJ93 [PseudelcanidaeGR02]
              |    |    `--P. permiana Gorokhov 1987RJ93
              |    `--Permoraphidia Tillyard 1932 [Permoraphidiidae]BN02
              |         |--P. americana Tillyard 1932BN02
              |         |--P. grandis Carpenter 1943BN02
              |         `--P. magnifica Béthoux & Nel 2002BN02
              `--ApoelcanidaBN02
                   |--+--CaeliferaBN02
                   |  `--XenopteroideaGR02
                   |       |--AdumbratomorphaRJ93 [AdumbratomorphidaeGR02]
                   |       |    `--A. tettigonioides Gorokhov 1987RJ93
                   |       `--XenoferganellaRJ93 [XenopteridaeGR02]
                   |            `--X. pini Gorokhov 1989RJ93
                   `--ElcanidaeBN02
                        |  i. s.: Eubaisselcana sharovi Gorokhov 1986RJ93
                        |--Archelcana britannicaBN02
                        `--+--Baisselcana sibirica Sharov 1968BN02
                           |--PanorpidiumBN02
                           |    |--P. karatavica (Sharov 1968)BN02
                           |    `--P. sibiricumGR02
                           `--ElcanaBN02
                                |--E. liasinaRJ93
                                |--E. media Handlirsch 1906BN02
                                `--E. minuta Sharov 1968BN02

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BN02] Béthoux, O., & A. Nel. 2002. Venation pattern and revision of Orthoptera sensu nov. and sister groups. Phylogeny of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic Orthoptera sensu nov. Zootaxa 96: 1–88.

[GR02] Gorochov, A. V., & A. P. Rasnitsyn. 2002. Superorder Gryllidea Laicharting, 1781 (=Orthopteroidea Handlirsch, 1903). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 293–303. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

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