Paphia alapapilionis, from here.

Belongs within: Veneridae.

Paphia is a genus of bivalves that first appeared in the Oligocene, and is found primarily in the Pacific region, extending to Europe (Cox et al. 1969). The subgenus Callistotapes has the cardinal teeth of the hinge more divergent than in the type, with the left posterior cardinal much closer to the ligamental nymph (Marwick 1927).

Characters (from Cox et al. 1969): Elongate, compressed, shell surface glossy; hinge plate narrow; lateral teeth wanting.

<==Paphia Bolten 1798M27
    |--*P. (Paphia) alapapilionisM27
    `--P. (Callistotapes Sacco 1900)M27
         |--P. (*C.) vetula [=Venus vetula]M27
         |--P. (C.) crassisulca (Lamarck 1818)K90
         `--P. (C.) finlayi Marwick 1927M27
Paphia incertae sedis:
  P. deshayesi (Hanley 1856) [=Venus deshayesi]H09
  P. euglyptaPC11
  P. fabagella (Deshayes 1854) [=Tapes fabagella, Pullastra fabagella, Venerupis fabagella]F27
  P. gallus (Gmelin 1791) [=Venus gallus]H09
  P. grandisH86
  P. hiantina [=Venus hiantina]H09
  P. literata (Linnaeus 1758) [=Venus literata]H09
  P. neozelanica [=Mya neozelanica]H86
  P. papilionaceaXZ10
  P. radiataH09
  P. semirugata (Phillipi 1847)MG-H11
  P. sulcosa (Philippi 1847) [=Venus sulcosa]H09
  P. textile (Gmelin 1791) [=Venus textilis]H09
  P. tristis (Lamarck 1818) [=Venus tristis]H09
  P. variegata (Sowerby 1852) [=Tapes variegata]H09
  P. vernicosaT-Q84

*Type species of generic name indicated


[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H86] Hutton, F. W. 1886. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

[K90] Kendrick, G. W. 1990. A Pleistocene molluscan fauna with Anadara trapezia (Deshayes) (Bivalvia: Arcoida) from the Dampier Limestone of Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 33–48. Western Australian Museum.

[M27] Marwick, J. 1927. The Veneridae of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 567–636.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[PC11] Plazzi, F., A. Ceregato, M. Taviani & M. Passamonti. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of bivalve mollusks: ancient radiations and divergences as revealed by mitochondrial genes. PLoS One 6 (11): e27147.

[T-Q84] Thiriot-Quiévreux, C. 1984. Les caryotypes de quelques Ostreidae et Mytilidae. Malacologia 25 (2): 465–476.

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