Kauri snail Paryphanta bushyi, copyright Shelley Langton-Myers.
Belongs within: Rhytidoidea.

Paryphanta is a New Zealand genus of large snails with a widely umbilicate shell, dark olive green or spirally or radially patterned, with a protoconch of two whorls.

<==Paryphanta Albers 1850 [Paryphantinae] BR05
|  i. s.: P. atramentaria [=Helix atramentaria] L79
|         P. compacta K64
|         P. edwardi C01
|–*P. (Paryphanta) bushyi (Gray 1840) BR17 [=Helix bushyi BR17, Nanina busbyi P61]
|    |–P. b. bushyi P61
|    `–P. b. watti Powell 1946 P61
`–P. (Powelliphanta O’Connor 1945) P61
|–P. (*P.) hochstetteri (Pfeiffer 1862) [=Helix hochstetteri] P61
|    |–P. h. hochstetteri P61
|    |–P. h. anatokiensis Powell 1938 P61
|    |–P. h. bicolor Powell 1930 P61
|    |–P. h. consobrina Powell 1936 P61
|    `–P. h. obscura Beutler 1901 P61
|–P. (P.) gilliesi Smith 1880 P61
|    |–P. g. gilliesi P61
|    |–P. g. aurea Powell 1946 P61
|    |–P. g. brunnea Powell 1938 P61
|    |–P. g. compta Powell 1930 P61
|    |–P. g. fallax Powell 1930 P61
|    |–P. g. jamesoni Powell 1936 P61
|    |–P. g. kahurangica Powell 1936 P61
|    |–P. g. montana Powell 1936 P61
|    `–P. g. subfusca Powell 1930 P61
|–P. (P.) lignaria Hutton 1888 P61
|    |–P. l. lignaria P61
|    |–P. l. annectens Powell 1936 P61
|    |–P. l. johnstoni Powell 1946 P61
|    |–P. l. lusca Powell 1949 P61
|    |–P. l. oconnori Powell 1938 P61
|    |–P. l. rotella Powell 1938 P61
|    |–P. l. ruforadiata Powell 1949 P61
|    `–P. l. unicolorata Powell 1930 P61
|–P. (P.) rossiana Powell 1930 P61
|    |–P. r. rossiana P61
|    |–P. r. fletcheri Powell 1938 P61
|    |–P. r. gagei Powell 1938 P61
|    `–P. r. patrickensis Powell 1949 P61
|–P. (P.) spedeni Powell 1932 P61
|    |–P. s. spedeni P61
|    `–P. s. lateumbilicata Powell 1946 P61
|–P. (P.) superba Powell 1930 P61
|    |–P. s. superba P61
|    |–P. s. harveyi Powell 1946 P61
|    |–P. s. mouatae Powell 1936 P61
|    |–P. s. prouseorum Powell 1946 P61
|    `–P. s. richardsoni Powell 1946 P61
`–P. (P.) traversi Powell 1930 P61
|–P. t. traversi P61
|–P. t. florida Powell 1946 P61
|–P. t. koputaroa Powell 1946 P61
|–P. t. latizona Powell 1949 P61
|–P. t. marchanti Powell 1932 P61
|–P. t. otakia Powell 1946 P61
`–P. t. tararuaensis Powell 1938 P61

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[C01] Collinge, W. E. 1901. On the anatomy of certain agnathous pulmonate mollusks. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 65–73.

[K64] Krauss, N. L. H. 1964. Investigations on biological control of giant African (Achatina fulica) and other land snails. Nautilus 78 (1): 21–27.

[L79] Legrand, W. 1879. Notes on a few Tasmanian land and freshwater shells. Journal of Conchology 2: 95–96.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *