Passeridae

Tree sparrows Passer montanus, copyright Jimmy Palma Gil.

Belongs within: Passerida.

The Passeridae, Old World sparrows and snowfinches, are a family of small, stocky birds native to the Old World. They have a short, thick, conical bill with a decurved culmen, and short legs. Most are dull in coloration. The house sparrow Passer domesticus, originally native to western Eurasia, has become widely distributed in association with humans and can now be found in southern Africa, Australasia and the Americas.

<==Passeridae [Passerinae, Passernia]
    |  i. s.: Pseudonigrita Reichenow 1903JT12, B94 [Pseudonigritinae]
    |           |--P. arnaudiJT12
    |           `--P. cabanisiJT12
    |         Histurgops ruficaudusJT12
    |--‘Petronia’ brachydactylaJT12
    |--Hypocryptadius Hartert 1903BKB15, B94 [Hypocryptadiidae]
    |    `--H. cinnamomeusBKB15
    `--+--+--Petronia Kaup 1829QE06, M02
       |  |    |--P. petronia (Linnaeus 1766) [=Fringilla petronia]M02
       |  |    |--P. pyrgitaJT12
       |  |    |--P. superciliarisJT12
       |  |    `--P. xanthocollisJT12
       |  `--+--Onychostruthus taczanowskii [=Montifringilla taczanowskii, Pyrgilauda taczanowskii]QE06
       |     `--+--Montifringilla Brehm 1828QE06, B94
       |        |    |--M. henrici [=M. nivalis henrici]QE06
       |        |    `--+--M. adamsiQE06
       |        |       `--M. nivalisQE06
       |        `--PyrgilaudaQE06
       |             |  i. s.: P. therease [=Montifringilla therease]QE06
       |             |--P. ruficollis [=Montifringilla ruficollis]QE06
       |             `--+--P. blanfordi [=Montifringilla blanfordi]QE06
       |                `--P. davidiana [=Montifringilla davidiana]QE06
       `--+--‘Petronia’ dentataBKB15
          `--Passer Brisson 1760QE06, M02
               |  i. s.: P. arcuatusS66
               |         P. castanopterusJT12
               |         P. cordofanicusJT12
               |         P. diffususJT12
               |         P. eminibeyJT12
               |         P. euchlorusJT12
               |         P. gongonensisJT12
               |         P. griseusJT12
               |         P. hemileucusJT12
               |         P. iagoensisJT12 [=Pyrgita jagoensisF43]
               |         P. moabiticusJT12
               |         P. motitensisJT12
               |         P. pyrrhonotusJT12
               |         P. rufocinctusJT12
               |         P. shelleyiJT12
               |         P. simplex Swains. 1837 [=Pyrgita simplex]F43
               |         P. suahelicusJT12
               |         P. swainsoniiJT12
               |--+--P. ammodendriJT12
               |  `--+--P. griseusJT12
               |     `--P. melanurusJT12
               `--+--P. rutilansJT12
                  `--+--P. montanus (Linnaeus 1758)JT12, CC10 [=Fringilla montanaCC10; incl. P. hamburgensisF17]
                     |    |--P. m. montanusL81
                     |    |--P. m. catellatusL81
                     |    |--P. m. dilutusL81
                     |    |--P. m. malaccensisL81
                     |    `--P. m. saturatusL81
                     `--+--P. luteusBKB15
                        `--+--P. flaveolusBKB15
                           `--+--P. insularisJT12
                              `--+--P. hispaniolensisBKB15
                                 `--+--*P. domesticus (Linnaeus 1758)CC10, JT12, CC10 [=Fringilla domesticaCC10]
                                    |    |--P. d. domesticusL81
                                    |    |--P. d. arboreusL81
                                    |    |--P. d. bactrianusL81
                                    |    |--P. d. indicusL81
                                    |    |--P. d. niloticusL81
                                    |    `--P. d. rufidorsalisL81
                                    `--P. italiaeJF06

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[F17] Forster, T. 1817. A synoptical catalogue of British birds; intended to identify the species mentioned by different names in several catalogues already extant. Forming a book of reference to observations on British ornithology. Nichols, Son, and Bentley: London.

[F43] Fraser, L. 1843. On Cricetomys gambianus and various species of birds from western Africa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 51–53.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[QE06] Qu, Y., P. G. P. Ericson, F. Lei, A. Gebauer, M. Kaiser & A. J. Helbig. 2006. Molecular phylogenetic relationship of snow finch complex (genera Montifringilla, Pyrgilauda, and Onychostruthus) from the Tibetan Plateau. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 218–226.

[S66] Sclater, P. L. 1866. Report on birds collected at Windvogelberg, South Africa, by Capt. G. E. Bulger, C. M. Z. S. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 21–23.

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