Pemphredon

Female Pemphredon lugubris, copyright Nigel Jones.

Belongs within: Pemphredonina.

Pemphredon is a primarily Holarctic genus of tube-nesting wasps that provision their nests with aphids (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Mandible with three to six stout teeth or rarely with only two; labrum rounded apically; face without a marked scapal basin; eyes broadly separated, inner orbits often nearly parallel but sometimes converging a little below, especially in males; head usually prolonged behind eyes; occipital carina joining hypostomal carina before midventral line of head or evanescent toward ventral terminus; pronotum transversely rounded, occasionally somewhat ridged; omaulus absent; episternal sulcus a broad, foveate groove which does not clearly arise from subalar fossa, sometimes weakly defined or absent above hypersternaulus, latter extending obliquely upward posterad; female fore tarsus occasionally with a short rake; hind tibia with or without a series of spines along posterior face; submarginal cells each receiving a recurrent vein or one receiving both, gaster with a long petiole, longer than hind coxa; female pygidial plate generally narrow and somewhat spoon-like, rarely reduced to a carina.

Pemphredon Latreille 1796 (see below for synonymy)BM76
| i. s.: P. leucostoma [=Crabro leucostoma]L02
| P. ocellaris Gimmerthal 1836BM76
| P. pilosus (Gimmerthal 1836) [=Cenomus pilosus]BM76
| P. platyurus Gussakovskij 1952BM76
|--P. lugubris groupBM76
| |--*P. lugubris (Fabricius 1793) (see below for synonymy)BM76
| |--P. balticus Merisuo 1972BM76
| |--P. beaumonti Hellén 1955BM76
| |--P. concolor Say 1824 (see below for synonymy)BM76
| |--P. confertim Fox 1892 [incl. P. errans Rohwer 1917]BM76
| |--P. fennicus Merisuo 1972BM76
| |--P. flavistigma Thomson 1874BM76
| |--P. foxii Rohwer 1917BM76
| |--P. japonicus Matsumura 1912BM76
| |--P. koreanus Tsuneki 1951BM76
| |--P. krombeini Tsuneki 1960 [incl. P. mandibularis Tsuneki 1951 non Cresson 1865]BM76
| |--P. lugens Dahlbom 1842BM76
| |--P. montanus Dahlbom 1845 [incl. P. angularis Fox 1892]BM76
| |--P. nearcticus Kohl 1890 [incl. P. cockerelli Rohwer 1909]BM76
| |--P. oreades Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. podagricus Chevrier 1870 [incl. P. laeviceps Gussakovskij 1933]BM76
| |--P. rileyi Fox 1892BM76
| |--P. shirozui Tsuneki 1966BM76
| |--P. tinctipennis Cameron 1908BM76
| `--P. virginianus Rohwer 1917BM76
|--P. lethifer groupBM76
| |--P. austriacus (Kohl 1888) [=Diphlebus austriacus]BM76
| |--P. bipartior Fox 1892 [incl. P. harbecki Rohwer 1910]BM76
| |--P. bucharicus Gussakovskij 1952BM76
| |--P. coracinus Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. diervillae Iwata 1933BM76
| |--P. dispar Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. enslini Wagner 1931BM76
| |--P. fuscipennis (Cameron 1897) [=Cemonus fuscipennis]BM76
| |--P. geminus Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. grinnelli (Rohwer 1910) (see below for synonymy)BM76
| |--P. inornatus Say 1824 [incl. P. dentatus Puton 1871, Cemonus shuckardi Morawitz 1864, P. tenax Fox 1892]BM76
| |--P. lethifer (Shuckard 1837) (see below for synonymy)BM76
| |--P. levinotus Merisuo 1972BM76
| |--P. maurusius Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. minor Gussakovskij 1952BM76
| |--P. mortifer Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. nannophyes Merisuo 1972BM76
| |--P. nescius Merisuo 1972BM76
| |--P. orientalis Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. punctifer Merisuo 1972BM76
| |--P. rugifer (Dahlbom 1844) (see below for syonymy)BM76
| |--P. scythicus Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. sedulus Merisuo 1972BM76
| |--P. tener Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. trichogastor Valkeila 1972BM76
| |--P. tridentatus Gussakovskij 1952BM76
| `--P. wesmaeli (Morawitz 1864) [=Cemonus wesmaeli]BM76
`--P. morio groupBM76
|--P. clypealis Thomson 1870BM76
|--P. morio Vander Linden 1829 (see below for synonymy)BM76
`--P. sudai Tsuneki 1972 [=*Susanowo sudai]BM76

Pemphredon Latreille 1796 [incl. Cemonus Panzer 1806, Cenomus Gimmerthal 1836, Ceratophorus Shuckard 1837, Chevrieria Kohl 1883, Dineurus Westwood 1837, Diphlebus Westwood 1840, Susanowo Tsuneki 1972]BM76

Pemphredon concolor Say 1824 [incl. P. cressonii Dalla Torre 1897, P. morio Cresson 1865 non Vander Linden 1829, P. provancheri Dalla Torre 1897, P. shawii Rohwer 1917]BM76

Pemphredon grinnelli (Rohwer 1910) [=Ceratophorus grinnelli, Cer. gennelli; incl. Cemonus giffardi Rohwer 1917, Cer. utahensis Rohwer 1911]BM76

Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard 1837) [=Cemonus lethifer; incl. P. brevipetiolatus Wagner 1931, P. confusus Wagner 1931, Cemonus fabricii Müller 1911, Diphlebus fuscatus Wagner 1918, D. littoralis Wagner 1918, D. minutus Wagner 1918, D. neglectus Wagner 1918, Cemonus strigatus Chevrier 1870]BM76

*Pemphredon lugubris (Fabricius 1793) [=Crabro lugubris; incl. P. luctuosus Shuckard 1837, P. pacificus Gussakovskij 1933]BM76

Pemphredon morio Vander Linden 1829 [=*Ceratophorus morio; incl. P. anthracinus Smith 1851, P. carinatus Thomson 1870, P. intermedius Tsuneki 1951]BM76

Pemphredon rugifer (Dahlbom 1844) [=Cemonus rugifer; incl. Pem. jurinii Stephens 1829, Pem. lethifer Thomson 1870 non Cemonus lethifer Shuckard 1837, Cemonus solivagus Bondroit 1932, Sphex unicolor Panzer 1798 non Fabricius 1787, *Cemonus unicolor, *Chevrieria unicolor, Crabro unicolor, *Dineurus unicolor, *Diphlebus unicolor, Pelopoeus unicolor, Pemphredon unicolor]BM76

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

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