Giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon, copyright CSIRO.

Belongs within: Decapoda.

The Penaeidae are a group of dendrobrachiate prawns in which the postrostral carina is reduced or absent on the posterior third of the carapace, being absent near the posterior margin or lacking any teeth in its posterior half. Members of the genus Penaeus are distinguished by the presence of ventral teeth on the rostrum (Huff & Cobb 1979).

<==Penaeidae [Penaeinae]
    |--Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Heller 1869)HC79
    |--Trachypenaeopsis mobilispinis (Rathbun 1919)HC79
    |    |--T. curvirostris (Stimpson 1860)KK03
    |    `--T. fulvus (Dall 1957)HS15
    |--Rimapenaeus constrictus (Stimpson 1874)BF07
    |--Bombur Münster 1839BWW93
    |--Antrimpos Münster 1839BWW93
    |    `--A. atavusBWW93
    |--Trachypenaeus Alcock 1901HC79
    |    |--T. anchoralis (Bate 1888)J90
    |    |--T. constrictus (Stimpson 1871) (see below for synonymy)HC79
    |    |--T. curvirostris (Stimpson 1860)MG-H11
    |    |--T. fulvus Dall 1957J90
    |    `--T. similis Smith 1885HC79
    |    |--P. australiensis Dall 1957MG-H11
    |    |--P. fissuroides Crosnier 1985MG-H11
    |    |--P. fissurus (Bate 1881)MG-H11
    |    |--P. longipes Alcock 1905MG-H11
    |    |--P. longirostris (Lucas 1849)HC79
    |    |--P. murrayi Ramandan 1938MG-H11
    |    `--P. sextuberculatus Kubo 1949MG-H11
    |    |--M. canaliculatus (Olivier 1811)CB02
    |    |--M. kerathurus (Forsskål 1775)KK03
    |    |--M. latisulcatus (Krishinouye 1896)CB02
    |    |--M. longistylus (Kubo 1943)CB02
    |    |--M. marginatus (Randall 1840)CB02
    |    |--M. plebejus (Hess 1856)CB02
    |    `--M. similis Chanda & Bhattacharya 2002CB02
    |--Metapenaeopsis Bouvier 1905HC79
    |    |--M. commensalis Borradaile 1898HS15
    |    |--M. crassisima Racek & Dall 1965MG-H11
    |    |--M. difficilis Crosnier 1991MG-H11
    |    |--M. gerardoi Pérez Farfante 1971HC79
    |    |--M. goodei (Smith 1885) (see below for synonymy)HC79
    |    |--M. lamellata (De Haan 1844)HS15
    |    |--M. menoui Crosnier 1991HS15
    |    |--M. mogiensis Crosnier 1991HS15
    |    |--M. novaeguineae (Haswell 1879)J90
    |    |--M. palmensis (Haswell 1879)J90
    |    |--M. rosea Racek & Dall 1965MG-H11
    |    |--M. sinuosa Dall 1957HS15
    |    |--M. smithi (Schmitt 1924)HC79
    |    |--M. tarawensis Racek & Dall 1965HS15
    |    |--M. vaillanti (Nobili 1904)MG-H11
    |    `--M. velutina (Dana 1852)MG-H11
    |--Metapenaeus Wood-Mason & Alcock 1891KW70a
    |    |--*M. affinis (Milne Edwards 1837)KW70a (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--M. bennettaeKW70b
    |    |--M. brevicornisKW70a
    |    |--M. burkenroadi Kubo 1954R57
    |    |--M. conjunctusKW70a
    |    |--M. dalli Racek 1957R57
    |    |--M. demaniKW70a
    |    |--M. dobsoniKW70a
    |    |--M. eboracensisKW70a
    |    |--M. elegans [incl. M. singaporensis]KW70a
    |    |--M. endeavouri (Schmitt 1926)J90
    |    |--M. ensis (De Haan 1844)HS15 [incl. M. incisipesKW70a, M. mastersiiKW70a]
    |    |--M. insolitusKW70a
    |    |--M. intermediusKW70a
    |    |--M. joyneriKW70a
    |    |--M. lysianassaKW70a
    |    |--M. macleayi (Haswell 1879) [=Penaeus macleayi, Penaeopsis macleayi; incl. Penaeus haswelli Phillips 1925]KW70a
    |    |--M. mastersii Racek 1955R57
    |    |--M. monoceros (Fabricius 1798)DAS03
    |    |--M. papuensisKW70a
    |    |--M. stebbingi Nobili 1904KK03
    |    |--M. suluensisKW70a
    |    `--M. tenuipes [incl. M. spinulatus]KW70a
    |--Atypopenaeus formosus Dall 1957HS15
    |--Kishinouyepenaeopsis cornuta (Kishinouye 1900)HS15
    |--Mierspenaeopsis sculptilis (Heller 1862)HS15
    |    |--F. chinensisDH08
    |    `--F. merguiensis De Man 1888HS15
    |    |--M. gonospinifer (Racek & Dall 1965)HS15
    |    `--M. granulosus (Haswell 1879)HS15
    `--Penaeus Fabricius 1798KW70b
         |--*P. monodon Fabricius 1798 [incl. P. carinatus]KW70b
         |--P. antennatusR26
         |--P. aztecus Ives 1891HC79
         |--P. brasiliensis Latreille 1817HC79
         |--P. brevirostrisKW70b
         |--P. californiensisKW70b
         |--P. caramoteR26
         |--P. cristatus Risso 1826R26
         |--P. duorarum Burkenroad 1939HC79
         |--P. esculentus haswell 1879J90
         |--P. foliaceus Risso 1826R26
         |--P. gracilirostrisKW70b
         |--P. indicus Milne Edwards 1837H86
         |--P. japonicusKW70b
         |--P. kerathurusPP64
         |--P. latisulcatus Kishinouye 1896J90
         |--P. longirostris Lucas 1846E12
         |--P. longistylus Kubo 1943J90
         |--P. marginatus Randall 1840J90
         |--P. membranaceusR26
         |--P. merguiensis de Man 1888J90
         |--P. muelleriH04
         |--P. notialis Pérez Farfante 1967HC79
         |--P. occidentalisKW70b
         |--P. orientalisKW70b
         |--P. penicillatusKW70b
         |--P. plebejus Hess 1865 (see below for synonymy)KW70b
         |--P. semisulcatus De Haan 1842KK03
         |--P. setiferus (Linnaeus 1767)HC79
         |--P. stylirostrisKW70b
         |--P. teraoiKW70b
         `--P. vannameiKW70b

Metapenaeopsis goodei (Smith 1885) [=Parapenaeus goodei, Penaeopsis goodei; incl. Parapenaeopsis rathbuni Bouvier 1905, Archipenaeopsis vestitus Bouvier 1905]HC79

*Metapenaeus affinis (Milne Edwards 1837)KW70a [=Penaeus affinisKW70a, Penaeopsis affinisR57; incl. M. mutatusKW70a, M. necopinansKW70a]

Penaeus plebejus Hess 1865 [incl. P. canaliculatus var. australiensis Bate 1888, P. canaliculatus Haswell 1879, P. maccullochi Schmitt 1926]KW70b

Trachypenaeus constrictus (Stimpson 1871) [=Penaeus constrictus, Parapenaeus constrictus, Trachypeneus (l. c.) constrictus]HC79

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BF07] Braga, A. A., A. Fransozo, G. Bertini & P. B. Fumis. 2007. Bathymetric distribution and recruitment of the spider crab Libinia spinosa H. Milne Edwards 1834 in the Ubatuba and Caraguatatuba regions, northern coast of São Paulo, Brazil (Crustacea, Brachyura, Majoidea, Pisidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 87 (1): 7–16.

[BWW93] Briggs, D. E. G., M. J. Weedon & M. A. Whyte. 1993. Arthropoda (Crustacea excluding Ostracoda). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 321–342. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CB02] Chanda, A., & T. Bhattacharya. 2002. Melicertus similis, a new species of prawn, Decapoda: Penaeidae, from India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 495–498.

[DAS03] Dixon, C. J., S. T. Ahyong & F. R. Schram. 2003. A new hypothesis of decapod phylogeny. Crustaceana 76: 935–975.

[DH08] Dunn, C. W., A. Hejnol, D. Q. Matus, K. Pang, W. E. Browne, S. A. Smith, E. Seaver, G. W. Rouse, M. Obst, G. D. Edgecombe, M. V. Sørensen, S. H. D. Haddock, A. Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. Okusu, R. M. Kristensen, W. C. Wheeler, M. Q. Martindale & G. Giribet. 2008. Broad phylogenomic sampling improves resolution of the animal tree of life. Nature 452: 745–749.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[HM03] Hanamura, Y., & M. Matsuoka. 2003. Feeding habits of the sand shrimp, Crangon uritai Hayashi & Kim, 1999, in the central Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Crustaceana 76 (8): 1017–1024.

[H86] Holthuis, L. B. 1986. Decapoda. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 589–615. E. J. Brill/Dr. W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[HS15] Hosie, A. M., A. Sampey, P. J. F. Davie & D. S. Jones. 2015. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: crustaceans. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 247–285.

[HC79] Huff, J. A., & S. P. Cobb. 1979. Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 5 (4): 1–101.

[J90] Jones, D. S. 1990. Annotated checklist of marine decapod Crustacea from Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 169–208. Western Australian Museum.

[KW70a] Kirkegaard, I., & R. H. Walker. 1970a. Synopsis of biological data on the school prawn Metapenaeus macleayi (Haswell, 1879). C.S.I.R.O. Fisheries and Oceanography Fisheries Synopsis 5.

[KW70b] Kirkegaard, I., & R. H. Walker. 1970b. Synopsis of biological data on the eastern king prawn Penaeus plebejus Hess, 1865. C.S.I.R.O. Fisheries and Oceanography Fisheries Synopsis 7.

[KK03] Kocataş, A., & T. Katağan. 2003. The decapod crustacean fauna of the Turkish seas. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 63–74.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[R57] Racek, A. A. 1957. The systematic position of the school prawn from Western Australia. Fisheries Bulletin 6: 1–13.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *