Percomorpharia

White bass Morone chrysops, from the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Belongs within: Acanthomorphata.
Contains: Gerreidae, Labridae, Uranoscopiformes, Centrarchiformes, Serraniformes, Pempheridae, Epigonidae, Pentacerotidae, Ephippiformes, Spariformes, Malacanthidae, Pomacanthidae, Haemulidae, Caesionidae, Lutjanidae, Sillago, Emmelichthyidae, Lobotidae, Sciaenidae, Leiognathidae, Chaetodontidae, Acanthuriformes, Tetraodontiformes, Lophiiformes, Priacanthidae, Cepolidae, Siganidae.

The Percomorpharia are a major clade of acanthomorph fishes united by molecular data (Betancur-R. et al. 2013).

<==Percomorpharia [Epigonoidei] B-RB13
|  i. s.: Dinopercidae B-RB13
|           |–Centrarchops chapini SC07
|           `–Dinoperca petersi SC07
|         Rhenanoperca minuta Gaudant & Micklich 1990 M09
|–+–Gerreidae ND13
|  `–Labriformes [Labroidea, Labroidei] B-RB13
|       |  i. s.: Pseudosphaerodon antiquus Casier 1966 P93
|       |–Labridae ND13
|       |–Tortonesia [Tortonesidae] P93
|       |    `–T. esilis Sorbini 1983 P93
|       `–Odacidae B-RB13
|            |–Odax cyanomelas CC98
|            |–Olistherops R13
|            `–Coridodax R13
`–+–+–Uranoscopiformes ND13
|  `–Centrogenys [Centrogeniidae] ND13
|       `–C. vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) M58 (see below for synonymy)
`–+–+–Centrarchiformes ND13
|  `–+–Serraniformes ND13
|     `–+–+–+–Percophidae ND13
|        |  |  |    |–Acanthaphritis ND13 [incl. Pteropsaron R13]
|        |  |  |    |    `–A. unoorum ND13
|        |  |  |    `–Hemerocoetinarum apertus (Schwarzhans 1980) P93
|        |  |  `–Creediidae [Limnichthyidae] ND13
|        |  |       |–Limnichthys ND13
|        |  |       |–Chalixodytes chameleontoculus LM13
|        |  |       |–Creedia clathrisquamis Ogilby 1898 R13
|        |  |       `–Schizochirus R13
|        |  `–Pempheriformes B-RB13
|        |       |–Pempheridae ND13
|        |       `–Glaucosoma [Glaucosomatidae, Glaucosomidae] ND13
|        |            |–G. buergeri Richardson 1845 (see below for synonymy) M01
|        |            |–G. hebraicum ND13
|        |            |–G. magnificum (Ogilby 1915) M01
|        |            `–G. scapulare Ramsay 1881 M01
|        `–+–+–Howella Ogilby 1899 ND13, P93 [Howellidae]
|           |  |    |–H. brodiei (Ogilby 1899) LD09
|           |  |    |–H. parina LM13
|           |  |    `–H. zina ND13
|           |  `–+–Epigonidae B-RB13
|           |     |–Ostracoberyx [Ostracoberycidae] ND13
|           |     |    |–O. dorygenys ND13
|           |     |    `–O. pattersoni Nolf 1988 P93
|           |     `–Acropomatidae ND13
|           |          |–Neoscombrops pacificus LM13
|           |          `–Acropoma ND13
|           |               |–A. antiqua Schwarzhans 1985 P93
|           |               |–A. japonica ND13
|           |               `–A. lepidotus (Agassiz 18330 P93
|           `–+–+–Pentacerotidae ND13
|              |  `–Banjos [Banjosidae] ND13
|              |       `–B. banjos ND13
|              `–+–Malakichthys ND13
|                 |    |–M. elegans ND13
|                 |    |–M. griseus SC07
|                 |    `–M. wakiyae I00
|                 |–+–Avitolabrax denticulatus Takai 1942 P93
|                 |  `–Lateolabrax Bleeker 1857 LD09, P93 [Lateolabracidae B-RB13]
|                 |       `–L. japonicus (Cuvier 1828) LD09
|                 `–Polyprionidae ND13
|                      |–Stereolepis Ayres 1859 ND13, P93
|                      |    |–S. doederleini I00
|                      |    `–S. gigas ND13
|                      `–Polyprion Oken 1817 P93
|                           |–P. americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) K-M02b
|                           `–P. oxygeneios SC07
`–+–Moronidae ND13
|    |–Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus 1758) LD09
|    |–Palaeoperca proxima Nicklich 1985 P93
|    `–Morone ND13 [incl. Roccus K-M02a]
|         |  i. s.: M. americana (Gmelin 1789) K-M02a [incl. Labrax mucronatus P61]
|         |         M. eschmeyeri Nolf & Lapierre 1979 P93
|         |         M. vogdtii (Bogatshov 1942) P93
|         |–M. saxatilis (Walbaum 1792) ND13, K-M02a [=Roccus saxatilis K-M02a]
|         `–+–M. chrysops ND13
|            `–M. mississippiensis ND13
`–+–Ephippiformes ND13
`–+–+–+–Spariformes ND13
|  |  `–+–Malacanthidae ND13
|  |     `–+–Pomacanthidae ND13
|  |        `–+–Haemulidae ND13
|  |           `–+–Caesionidae ND13
|  |              `–Lutjanidae ND13
|  `–+–+–Sillago ND13
|     |  `–Emmelichthyidae ND13
|     `–Callanthiidae ND13
|          |–Grammatonotus ND13
|          |    |–G. macrophthalmus I00
|          |    `–G. surugaensis ND13
|          `–Callanthias Lowe 1839 S61
|               |–C. ruber (Rafinesque 1810) [incl. *C. paradiseus Lowe 1839] S61
|               |–C. allporti Gunther 1876 S61
|               `–C. legras Smith 1947 S61
`–+–+–+–Lobotidae ND13
|  |  `–Sciaenidae ND13
|  `–+–+–Leiognathidae ND13
|     |  `–Chaetodontidae ND13
|     `–Monodactylidae ND13
|          |–Schuettea scalaripinnis Steindachner 1866 K01
|          |–Pasaichthys pleuronectiformis Blot 1969 P93
|          |–Psettopsis subarcuatus (de Blainville 1818) P93
|          |–Monodactylus ND13
|          |    |–M. argenteus (Linnaeus 1758) [=Chaetodon argenteus, Psettus argenteus] M58
|          |    |–M. kottelati Pethiyagoda 1991 K01
|          |    `–M. sebae ND13
|          `–Bramichthys R13
`–+–Acanthuriformes ND13
`–+–+–+–Tetraodontiformes ND13
|  |  `–Lophiiformes ND13
|  `–Caproidae [Caproidei] ND13
|       |–Capros aper (Linnaeus 1758) LD09
|       `–Antigonia ND13
|            |–A. capros Lowe 1843 MK-M02
|            |–A. combatia MK-M02
|            |–A. rubescens ND13
|            `–A. veronensis Sorbini 1983 P93
`–+–+–Priacanthidae ND13
|  `–Cepolidae ND13
`–+–Siganidae ND13
`–Scatophagidae ND13
|–Scatophagus P93
|    |–S. argus (Linné 1766) [=Chaetodon argus] M58
|    `–S. frontalis Agassiz 1835 P93
`–Selenotoca ND13
|–S. multifasciata (Richardson 1846) LD09 (see below for synonymy)
`–S. papuensis Fraser-Brunner 1938 M58

Centrogenys vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) M58 [=Scorpaena vaigiensis M58, Centrogenys (Myriodon) waigiensis M58; incl. Centropristes scorpaenoides Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829 M58, Gennadius stoliczae JR10, Sebastes stoliczae JR10]

Glaucosoma buergeri Richardson 1845 [incl. G. fauvelii Sauvage 1881, G. taeniatus Fowler 1934] M01

Selenotoca multifasciata (Richardson 1846) LD09 [=Scatophagus multifasciatus M58; incl. Se. multifasciata aetatevarians G75, Sc. tetracanthus Fowler 1928 M58]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[CC98] Choat, J. H., & K. D. Clements. 1998. Vertebrate herbivores in marine and terrestrial environments: a nutritional ecology perspective. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 375–403.

[G75] Grant, E. M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. The Co-ordinator-General’s Department: Brisbane (Australia).

[I00] Imamura, H. 2000. An alternative hypothesis on the phylogenetic position of the family Dactylopteridae (Pisces: Teleostei), with a proposed new classification. Ichthyological Research 47 (3): 203–222.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[K-M02a] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002a. Temperate basses. Family Moronidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 374–389. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[K-M02b] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002b. Wreckfishes. Family Polyprionidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 389–391. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[K01] Kottelat, M. 2001. Monodactylidae. Moonfishes. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3216–3220. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[LM13] Lautredou, A.-C., H. Motomura, C. Gallut, C. Ozouf-Costaz, C. Cruaud, G. Lecointre & A. Dettai. 2013. New nuclear markers and exploration of the relationships among Serraniformes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei): the importance of working at multiple scales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 140–155.

[LD09] Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 345–363.

[M09] Mayr, G. 2009. Paleogene Fossil Birds. Springer.

[M01] McKay, R. J. 2001. Glaucosomatidae. Pearl perches. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3205–3209. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[MM09] Moore, J. A., & G. Klein-MacPhee. 2002. Boarfishes. Family Caproidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 310–311. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: a check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin no. 1).

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[P61] Price, E. W. 1961. North American monogenetic trematodes IX. The families Mazocraeidae and Plectanocotylidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 74: 127–156.

[R13] Regan, C. T. 1913. The classification of the percoid fishes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 8, 12: 111–145.

[S61] Smith, J. L. B. 1961. Fishes of the family Anthiidae from the western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin 21: 359–369.

[SC07] Smith, W. L., & M. T. Craig. 2007. Casting the percomorph net widely: the importance of broad taxonomic sampling in the search for the placement of serranid and percid fishes. Copeia 2007 (1): 35–55.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *