White bass Morone chrysops, from the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Belongs within: Acanthomorphata.
Contains: Gerreidae, Labridae, Uranoscopiformes, Centrarchiformes, Serraniformes, Pempheridae, Epigonidae, Pentacerotidae, Ephippiformes, Spariformes, Malacanthidae, Pomacanthidae, Haemulidae, Caesionidae, Lutjanidae, Sillago, Emmelichthyidae, Lobotidae, Sciaenidae, Leiognathidae, Chaetodontidae, Monodactylidae, Acanthuriformes, Tetraodontiformes, Lophiiformes, Priacanthidae, Cepolidae, Siganidae.

The Percomorpharia are a major clade of acanthomorph fishes united by molecular data (Betancur-R. et al. 2013).

<==Percomorpharia [Epigonoidei]B-RB13
| i. s.: DinopercidaeB-RB13
| |--Centrarchops chapiniSC07
| `--Dinoperca petersiSC07
| Rhenanoperca minuta Gaudant & Micklich 1990M09
| `--Labriformes [Labroidea, Labroidei]B-RB13
| | i. s.: Pseudosphaerodon antiquus Casier 1966P93
| |--LabridaeND13
| |--Tortonesia [Tortonesidae]P93
| | `--T. esilis Sorbini 1983P93
| `--OdacidaeB-RB13
| |--Odax cyanomelasCC98
| |--OlistheropsR13
| `--CoridodaxR13
| `--Centrogenys [Centrogeniidae]ND13
| `--C. vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)M58 (see below for synonymy)
| `--+--SerraniformesND13
| `--+--+--PempheriformesB-RB13
| | | |--PempheridaeND13
| | | `--Glaucosoma [Glaucosomatidae, Glaucosomidae]ND13
| | | |--G. buergeri Richardson 1845 [incl. G. fauvelii Sauvage 1881, G. taeniatus Fowler 1934]M01
| | | |--G. hebraicumND13
| | | |--G. magnificum (Ogilby 1915)M01
| | | `--G. scapulare Ramsay 1881M01
| | `--+--PercophidaeND13
| | | |--Hemerocoetinarum apertus (Schwarzhans 1980)P93
| | | `--AcanthaphritisND13 [incl. PteropsaronR13]
| | | `--A. unoorumND13
| | `--Creediidae [Limnichthyidae]ND13
| | |--Limnichthys nitidus Smith 1958MM14
| | |--Chalixodytes chameleontoculusLM13
| | |--Creedia clathrisquamis Ogilby 1898R13
| | |--SchizochirusR13
| | `--Squamicreedia obtusa Rendahl 1921H90
| `--+--+--Howella Ogilby 1899ND13, P93 [Howellidae]
| | | |--H. brodiei (Ogilby 1899)LD09
| | | |--H. parinaLM13
| | | `--H. zinaND13
| | `--+--EpigonidaeB-RB13
| | |--Ostracoberyx [Ostracoberycidae]ND13
| | | |--O. dorygenysND13
| | | `--O. pattersoni Nolf 1988P93
| | `--Acropomatidae [Acropomidae]ND13
| | |--Neoscombrops pacificusLM13
| | |--AcropomaND13
| | | |--A. antiqua Schwarzhans 1985P93
| | | |--A. japonicaND13
| | | `--A. lepidotus (Agassiz 1833)P93 [=Labrax lepidotusB80]
| | `--Labrax schizurus Agassiz 1833–1844B80
| `--+--+--PentacerotidaeND13
| | `--Banjos [Banjosidae]ND13
| | `--B. banjosND13
| `--+--MalakichthysND13
| | |--M. elegansND13
| | |--M. griseusSC07
| | `--M. wakiyaeI00
| |--+--Avitolabrax denticulatus Takai 1942P93
| | `--Lateolabrax Bleeker 1857LD09, P93 [LateolabracidaeB-RB13]
| | `--L. japonicus (Cuvier 1828)LD09
| `--PolyprionidaeND13
| |--Stereolepis Ayres 1859ND13, P93
| | |--S. doederleiniI00
| | `--S. gigasND13
| `--Polyprion Oken 1817P93
| |--P. americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)K-M02b
| `--P. oxygeneiosSC07
| |--Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus 1758)LD09
| |--Palaeoperca proxima Nicklich 1985P93
| `--MoroneND13 [incl. RoccusK-M02a]
| | i. s.: M. americana (Gmelin 1789)K-M02a [incl. Labrax mucronatusP61]
| | M. eschmeyeri Nolf & Lapierre 1979P93
| | M. vogdtii (Bogatshov 1942)P93
| |--M. saxatilis (Walbaum 1792)ND13, K-M02a [=Roccus saxatilisK-M02a]
| `--+--M. chrysopsND13
| `--M. mississippiensisND13
| | `--+--MalacanthidaeND13
| | `--+--PomacanthidaeND13
| | `--+--HaemulidaeND13
| | `--+--CaesionidaeND13
| | `--LutjanidaeND13
| `--+--+--SillagoND13
| | `--EmmelichthyidaeND13
| `--CallanthiidaeND13
| |--GrammatonotusND13
| | |--G. macrophthalmusI00
| | `--G. surugaensisND13
| `--Callanthias Lowe 1839S61
| |--C. ruber (Rafinesque 1810) [incl. *C. paradiseus Lowe 1839]S61
| |--C. allporti Gunther 1876S61
| `--C. legras Smith 1947S61
| | `--SciaenidaeND13
| `--+--+--LeiognathidaeND13
| | `--ChaetodontidaeND13
| `--MonodactylidaeND13
| | `--LophiiformesND13
| `--Caproidae [Caproidei]ND13
| |--Capros aper (Linnaeus 1758)LD09 [incl. Zeus childreniiL43]
| `--Antigonia Lowe 1843L43
| |--*A. capros Lowe 1843L43
| |--A. combatiaMK-M02
| |--A. rubescensND13
| `--A. veronensis Sorbini 1983P93
| `--CepolidaeND13
| |--S. argus (Linnaeus 1766)KC-L22 [=Chaetodon argusM58]
| `--S. frontalis Agassiz 1835P93
|--S. multifasciata (Richardson 1846)LD09 (see below for synonymy)
`--S. papuensis Fraser-Brunner 1938M58

Centrogenys vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)M58 [=Scorpaena vaigiensisM58, Centrogenys (Myriodon) waigiensisM58; incl. Centropristes scorpaenoides Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829M58, Gennadius stoliczaeJR10, Sebastes stoliczaeJR10]

Selenotoca multifasciata (Richardson 1846)LD09 [=Scatophagus multifasciatusM58; incl. Se. multifasciata aetatevariansG75, Sc. tetracanthus Fowler 1928M58]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[B80] Blot, J. 1980. La faune ichthyologique des gisements du Monte Bolca (Province de Vérone, Italie). Catalogue systématique présentant l’état actuel des recherches concernant cette faune. Bulletin du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle C 2: 339–396.

[CC98] Choat, J. H., & K. D. Clements. 1998. Vertebrate herbivores in marine and terrestrial environments: a nutritional ecology perspective. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 375–403.

[G75] Grant, E. M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. The Co-ordinator-General’s Department: Brisbane (Australia).

[H90] Hutchins, J. B. 1990. Fish survey of South Passage, Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 263–278. Western Australian Museum.

[I00] Imamura, H. 2000. An alternative hypothesis on the phylogenetic position of the family Dactylopteridae (Pisces: Teleostei), with a proposed new classification. Ichthyological Research 47 (3): 203–222.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[K-M02a] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002a. Temperate basses. Family Moronidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 374–389. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[K-M02b] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002b. Wreckfishes. Family Polyprionidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 389–391. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[KC-L22] Kmentová, N., A. J. Cruz-Laufer, A. Pariselle, K. Smeets, T. Artois & M. P. M. Vanhove. 2022. Dactylogyridae 2022: a meta-analysis of phylogenetic studies and generic diagnoses of parasitic flatworms using published genetic and morphological data. International Journal for Parasitology 52: 427–457.

[LM13] Lautredou, A.-C., H. Motomura, C. Gallut, C. Ozouf-Costaz, C. Cruaud, G. Lecointre & A. Dettai. 2013. New nuclear markers and exploration of the relationships among Serraniformes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei): the importance of working at multiple scales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 140–155.

[LD09] Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 345–363.

[L43] Lowe, R. T. 1843. On the fishes of Madeira. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 81–95.

[M09] Mayr, G. 2009. Paleogene Fossil Birds. Springer.

[M01] McKay, R. J. 2001. Glaucosomatidae. Pearl perches. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3205–3209. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[MM14] Moore, G. I., S. M. Morrison, J. B. Hutchins, G. R. Allen & A. Sampey. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 161–206.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: a check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted: 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin 1).

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[P61] Price, E. W. 1961. North American monogenetic trematodes IX. The families Mazocraeidae and Plectanocotylidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 74: 127–156.

[R13] Regan, C. T. 1913. The classification of the percoid fishes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 8, 12: 111–145.

[S61] Smith, J. L. B. 1961. Fishes of the family Anthiidae from the western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin 21: 359–369.

[SC07] Smith, W. L., & M. T. Craig. 2007. Casting the percomorph net widely: the importance of broad taxonomic sampling in the search for the placement of serranid and percid fishes. Copeia 2007 (1): 35–55.

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