Idalia elegans, copyright Bernard Picton.

Belongs within: Doridina.
Contains: Polyceridae.

The Phanerobranchia are a group of dorid nudibranchs characterised by the inability to retract the gill within a cavity. As this is a plesiomorphic character, the monophyly of the group is uncertain (Valdés 2002). Members of the Onchidoridoidea have a suctorial buccal apparatus whereas the buccal apparatus of Polyceroidea is not suctorial.

Phanerobranchia [Anadoridacea, Anadoridoidea]
| i. s.: ‘Doris’ tuberculata Müller 1778 (see below for synonymy)V02
| Diaphorodoris Iredale & O’Donoghue 1923V02
| `--D. luteocincta (Sars 1870)V02
|--Polyceroidea [Polyceracea]BR05
| |--PolyceridaeBR05
| `--Okadaiidae [Okadaiina]BR05
| |--Okadaia Baba 1930BR05
| | `--*O. elegans Baba 1930BR17
| `--Vayssierea Risbec 1928 [Vayssiereidae]BR05
| `--*V. caledonica Risbec 1928BR17
`--Onchidoridoidea [Onchidoridacea, Onchidoridina]BR05
|--Akiodoris Bergh 1879 [Akiodorididae]BR17
| `--*A. lutescens Bergh 1879BR17
|--Calycidoris Abraham 1876V02 [CalycidorididaeBR17]
| `--*C. guentheri Abraham 1876BR17
|--Corambidae [Corambiadae, Corambida, Corambina]BR05
| |--Loy Martynov 1994 [Loyinae]BR05
| | `--*L. meyeni Martynov 1994BR17
| `--Corambe Bergh 1869 [Corambinae]BR05
| |--*C. sargassicola Bergh 1871BR17
| `--C. obscura [incl. Doridella batava]CG99
| |--Aegires Lovén 1844 [Aegiretinae, Aegirinae]V02
| | |--*A. punctilucens (d’Orbigny 1837) [=Polycera punctilucens]BR17
| | |--A. albopunctatus MacFarland 1905V02
| | |--A. gardineri (Eliot 1906)WBS-S15
| | |--A. minor (Eliot 1904)WBS-S15
| | `--A. serenae (Gosliner & Behrens 1997)WBS-S15
| `--Notodoris Bergh 1875 [Notodorididae, Notodoridinae]BR05
| |--*N. citrina Bergh 1875BR17
| |--N. minorBRW98
| `--N. serenae Gosliner & Behrens 1997BW09
|--Onchidorididae [Leptoglossae, Onchidoridae, Pseudodoridacea, Pseudodorididae]BR05
| |--Villiersia d’Orbigny 1837 [Villiersiidae]BR05
| | `--*V. scutigera d’Orbigny 1837BR17
| |--Adalaria Bergh 1878KM17, V02
| | `--A. proxima (Alder & Hancock 1854)B77
| |--Onchidoris Blainville 1816 (see below for synonymy)BR05
| | |--*O. leachii Blainville 1816BR17
| | |--O. asperaR64
| | |--O. bilamellata (Linnaeus 1767)V02 (see below for synonymy)
| | `--O. muricata (Müller 1776)F97
| `--Acanthodoris Gray 1850 [Acanthodoridinae]BR05
| |--*A. pilosa (Abildgaard in Müller 1789) [=Doris pilosa]BR17
| |--A. falklandica Eliot 1907H01
| |--A. globosa Abraham 1877P61
| `--A. molicella Abraham 1877P61
`--Goniodorididae [Goniodoridinae, Okeniidae]BR05
|--Ceratodoris Gray 1850R95 (see below for synonymy)
| |--*C. eolida (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) (see below for synonymy)R95
| `--*Hopkinsia’ rosacea MacFarland 1905BR17
|--Ancula Lovén 1846 [Anculinae]BR05
| |--*A. cristata (Alder 1841) [=Polycera cristata]BR17
| `--A. gibbosa (Risso 1818)H01
|--Idalia Leuckart 1828 [=Okenia Menke 1830; Okeniinae]BR17
| |--*I. elegans Leuckart 1828 [=*Okenia elegans]BR17
| |--‘Okenia’ aspersa (Alder & Hancock 1845)H01
| |--‘Okenia’ luna Millen et al. 1994H01
| `--‘Okenia’ pellucida Burn 1967HJ08
|--Goniodoris Forbes & Goodsir 1839BR05
| |--*G. nodosa (Montagu 1808) [=Doris nodosa]BR17
| |--G. atromarginataBRW98
| |--G. bennettiBRW98
| |--G. castanea Alder & Hancock 1846P61
| |--G. danielsseniN79
| `--G. punctata Bergh 1905P61
|--Goniodoridella savigni Pruvot-Fol 1933WBS-S15
|--T. fuscaPP64
`--T. rudmaniHS01

Ceratodoris Gray 1850R95 [=Echinodoris Bergh 1874R95; incl. Hopkinsia MacFarland 1905R95, BR05, Hopkinsiella Baba 1938R95; Hopkinsiinae]

*Ceratodoris eolida (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) [=Doris eolida, *Echinodoris eolida; incl. Okenia plana Baba 1960, Hopkinsia plana]R95

‘Doris’ tuberculata Müller 1778 [incl. D. brittanica Johnston 1838 (n. n.), Archidoris brittanica, D. montagui Johnston 1838 (n. n.)]V02

Onchidoris Blainville 1816 [=Onchidorus; incl. Ancylodoris Dybowski 1900, Lamellidoris Alder & Hancock 1855; Ancylodorididae, Lamellidorididae, Lamellidoridinae, Onchidoridinae]BR05

Onchidoris bilamellata (Linnaeus 1767)V02 [=Doris bilamellataBR17, *Lamellidoris bilamellataBR17; incl. *Ancylodoris baicalensis Dybowski 1900BR05, Onchidoris fusca (Müller 1776)F97]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BRW98] Beesley, P. L., G. J. B. Ross & A. Wells (eds) 1998. Fauna of Australia vol. 5. Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Part A. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[B77] Bertsch, H. 1977. The Chromodoridinae nudibranchs from the Pacific coast of America.—Part I. Investigative methods and supra-specific taxonomy. Veliger 20 (2): 107–118.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[CG99] Carlton, J. T., J. B. Geller, M. L. Reaka-Kudla & E. A. Norse. 1999. Historical extinctions in the sea. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 315–338.

[F97] Folino, N. C. 1997. The role of prey mobility in the population ecology of the nudibranch Cuthona nana (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). American Malacological Bulletin 14 (1): 17–25.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[H01] Huys, R. 2001. Splanchnotrophid systematics: a case of polyphyly and taxonomic myopia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (1): 106–156.

[KM17] Korshunova, T., A. Martynov, T. Bakken, J. Evertsen, K. Fletcher, I. W. Mudianta, H. Saito, K. Lundin, M. Schrödl & B. Picton. 2017. Polyphyly of the traditional family Flabellinidae affects a major group of Nudibranchia: aeolidacean taxonomic reassessment with descriptions of several new families, genera, and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda). ZooKeys 717: 1–139.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[R95] Rudman, W. B. 1995. The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: further species from New Caledonia and the Noumea romeri colour group. Molluscan Research 16: 1–43.

[R64] Russell, H. D. 1964. New England nudibranch notes. Nautilus 78 (2): 37–42.

[V02] Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535–636.

[WBS-S15] Willan, R. C., C. Bryce & S. M. Slack-Smith. 2015. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: molluscs. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 287–343.

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