Noisy friarbird Philemon corniculatus, photographed by Fir0002.

Belongs within: Meliphagidae.

The genus Philemon includes the friarbirds, medium-sized to large honeyeaters found from eastern Indonesia to Australia and New Caledonia. Members of this genus have dull plumage, and varying amounts of bare skin on the head. A knob-like structure is commonly present on top of the bill close to its base.

Characters (from Schodde & Mason 1999): Plumage mostly grey-brown; areas of bare blackish skin present on face and head; casque frequently present on bill; nares fused posteriorly; filamentous or scaly feathering present on throat; tail square; immatures with yellowish throat and white or yellow barring present on lower back and sides of breast.

<==Philemon Vieillot 1816 (see below for synonymy)B94
    |--+--P. citreogularis (Gould 1837)JT12, WS48 [=Tropidorhynchus citreogularisWS48; incl. P. occidentalis Ramsay 1888WS48]
    |  |    |--P. c. citreogularisM03
    |  |    `--P. c. sordidusM03
    |  `--P. meyeriJT12
    `--+--P. eichhorniANM14
       `--+--P. cockerelliANM14
          `--+--P. buceroidesJT12
             |    |--P. b. buceroidesM03
             |    |--P. b. ammitophilaM03
             |    |--P. b. gordoniM03
             |    `--P. b. yorkiM03
             `--+--P. argenticeps (Gould 1839)JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                |    |--P. a. argenticepsM03
                |    `--P. a. kempiM03
                `--P. corniculatus (Latham 1790)JT12, CC10 [=Merops corniculatusCC10]
                     |--P. c. corniculatusM03
                     `--P. c. monachusM03
Philemon incertae sedis:
  P. albitorquesJT12
  P. brassiJT12
  P. diemenensisJT12
  P. fuscicapillusJT12
  P. inornatusJT12
  P. kisserensisJT12
  P. lessoni [=Tropidorhynchus lessoni]S13
  P. moluccensisJT12
  P. novaeguineaeJT12
  P. subcorniculatusJT12

Philemon Vieillot 1816 [incl. Philedon Cuvier 1817, Tropidorhynchus Vigors & Horsfield 1827; Philedonidae, Tropidorhynchidae]B94

Philemon argenticeps (Gould 1839)JT12, WS48 [=Tropidorhynchus argenticepsWS48; incl. P. argenticeps broomei Mathews 1912WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[ANM14] Andersen, M. J., A. Naikatani & R. G. Moyle. 2014. A molecular phylogeny of Pacific honeyeaters (Aves: Meliphagidae) reveals extensive paraphyly and an isolated Polynesian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 308–315.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[S13] Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 1 pp. 1–78, pls 1–3. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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