Phthiracarus (Neophthiracarus)

Right lateral view and left ano-genital plates of Phthiracarus insignis, from Balogh & Balogh (1992 vol. 2).

Belongs within: Phthiracaridae.

The subgenus Neophthiracarus of the genus Phthiracarus is a pantropical and subtropical group of phthiracaroid mites exhibiting ano-adanal neotrichy. The majority of known species have been described from Australasia and South America; a small number have been described from southern and eastern Asia and one species P. anosculpturatus is known from Kenya (Subías 2004). The type species, P. insignis, is known from forests in Argentina dominated by Chilean cedar Austrocedrus chilensis. The Peruvian P. helluonis is notably neotrichous with 21 to 28 pairs of notogastral setae, three to four pairs of anal setae and six to nine pairs of adanal setae.

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Body surface not strongly sculptured. Interlamellar setae long and smooth; the majority of notogastral setae of the same type. Ano-adanal plates with more than five pairs of setae.

<==Phthiracarus (Neophthiracarus Balogh & Csiszár 1963) (see below for synonymy)S04
    |--P. (*N.) insignis (Balogh & Csiszár 1963) [=*Neophthiracarus insignis]S04
    |--P. (N.) aenus (Niedbała 2000) [=Austrophthiracarus aenus]S04
    |--P. (N.) anosculpturatus (Mahunka 1987) [=Hoplophthiracarus anosculpturatus]S04
    |--P. (N.) aokii (Niedbała 1987)S04 [=Austrophthiracarus aokiiS04, Arphthicarus aokiiH98]
    |--P. (N.) aureus (Niedbała 2000) [=Austrophthiracarus aureus]S04
    |--P. (N.) comosus (Aoki 1980) [=Neophthiracarus comosus]S04
    |--P. (N.) darwini (Mahunka 1980)S04 [=Antarctoplophora darwiniS04, Austrophthiracarus darwiniN86]
    |--P. (N.) diazae (Ojeda 1985) [=Protophthiracarus diazae; incl. Calyptophthiracarus cucundus Niedbała 1988]S04
    |--P. (N.) dilucidus (Niedbała 1988) [=Calyptophthiracarus dilucidus]S04
    |--P. (N.) egregius (Niedbała & Colloff 1997) [=Austrophthiracarus egregius]S04
    |--P. (N.) elizabethiensis (Niedbała 1988) [=Calyptophthiracarus elizabethiensis]S04
    |--P. (N.) equisetosus (Mahunka 1980) [=Neoprotophthiracarus equisetosus]S04
    |--P. (N.) espeletiae (Balogh 1984) [=Sturmacarus espeletiae]S04
    |--P. (N.) foveoreticulatus (Mahunka 1980) [=Fuegoplophora foveoreticulata]S04
    |--P. (N.) hallidayi (Niedbała & Colloff 1997) [=Austrophthiracarus hallidayi]S04
    |--P. (N.) helluonis (Niedbała 1982) [=Neophthiracarus helluonis]S04
    |--P. (N.) hirtus (Balogh 1984) [=Sturmacarus hirtus]S04
    |--P. (N.) incrassatus (Niedbała 1984)S04 [=Neophthiracarus incrassatusS04, Austrophthiracarus incrassatusN86]
    |--P. (N.) lamingtoni (Niedbała 2000) [=Austrophthiracarus lamingtoni]S04
    |--P. (N.) multisetosus (Balogh & Balogh 1983) [=Austrophthiracarus multisetosus]S04
    |--P. (N.) portentosus (Niedbała 1988) [=Calyptophthiracarus portentosus]S04
    |--P. (N.) pullus (Niedbała 1989) [=Calyptophthiracarus pullus]S04
    |--P. (N.) shiptoni (Sheals & Macfarlane 1966) (see below for synonymy)S04
    |--P. (N.) tuberculatus (Niedbała & Corpuz-Raros 1998) [=Austrophthiracarus tuberculatus]S04
    |--P. (N.) villosus (Niedbała 1982)S04 [=Neophthiracarus villosusS04, Calyptophthiracarus villosusN86]
    `--P. (N.) wallworki (Balogh & Balogh 1983) [=Austrophthiracarus wallworki]S04

Phthiracarus (Neophthiracarus Balogh & Csiszár 1963) [incl. Antarctoplophora Mahunka 1980, Fuegoplophora Mahunka 1980, Neoprotophthiracarus Mahunka 1980, Sturmacarus Balogh 1984]S04

Phthiracarus (Neophthiracarus) shiptoni (Sheals & Macfarlane 1966) [=Neophthiracarus shiptoni; incl. Neoprotophthiracarus flagellatus Mahunka 1980, Phthiracarus mahunkai Niedbała 1994]S04

*Type species of generic name indicated


Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[N86] Niedbała, W. 1986. Catalogue des Phthiracaroidea (Acari), clef pour la détermination des espèces et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales Zoologici 40 (4): 309–370.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *