Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus)

Phthiracarus boresetosus, copyright R. Penttinen.

Belongs within: Phthiracaridae.

The type subgenus of the genus Phthiracarus is a cosmopolitan group of box mites (Subías 2004). The effective type species, P. laevigatus, is a particularly large species found in moss and leaf-litter in broadleaf forests. Phthiracarus laevigatus is one of a handful of species (also including P. crinitus and P. nitens) possessing a full complement of lyrifissures ia, im, ip and ips; other species such as P. clemens and P. membranifer possess only two or three pairs of lyrifissures. Phthiracarus laevigatus and P. nitens have a much shorter sensillus than P. crinitus, its length less than ten times its diameter (Niedbała 1986).

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Body surface not strongly sculptured. Interlamellar setae long and smooth; the majority of notogastral setae of the same type. Ano-adanal plates with three pairs of setae (an1an3) and two pairs of alveoli (ad1ad2).

 

<==Phthiracarus Perty 1841 (Phthiracarus) (see below for synonymy)S04
    |--P. (P.) laevigatus (Koch 1841)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--P. (P.) abstemius Niedbała 1989S04
    |--P. (P.) affinis (Hull 1914)S04 [=Hoploderma affineS04, P. affineL87]
    |--P. (P.) banksi Niedbała 1987S04
    |--P. (P.) benoiti Balogh 1958 (n. d.)S04 [incl. Tropacarus bicarinatus Jeleva 1970N86]
    |--P. (P.) boresetosus Jacot 1930 (see below for synonymy)S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ calyxCF77
    |--P. (P.) capitatus (Hall 1911) (n. d.) [=Hoploderma capitatum]S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ clavatusCF77
    |--P. (P.) clavifer Mahunka 1988S04
    |--P. (P.) ‘claviger’ (Pearce 1906) (n. d.) [=Hoploderma clavigerum non Berlese 1904]S04
    |--P. (P.) clemens Aoki 1963 [incl. P. clemens kyushuensis Aoki 1980]S04
    |--P. (P.) commutabilis Niedbała 1983S04
    |--P. (P.) compressus Jacot 1930S04 [=P. compressumN86; incl. P. pallidus Feider & Suciu 1958S04]
    |--‘Caligonus’ coronatusCF77
    |--P. (P.) crenophilus Willmann 1951S04
    |--P. (P.) crinitus (Koch 1841)S04 [=Hoplophora crinitaS04, Hoploderma crinitumM98]
    |--P. (P.) danubianus Feider & Calugar 1970S04
    |--P. (P.) dasypus (Dugès 1834) (n. d.)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--‘Caligonus’ deserticolaSS55
    |--P. (P.) dubinini Feider & Suciu 1958S04
    |--P. (P.) extraordinarius (Niedbała 2000) [=Notophthiracarus extraordinarius]S04
    |--P. (P.) ferrugineus (Koch 1841) (see below for synonymy)S04
    |--P. (P.) furcatus (Kramer 1898) (n. d.) [=Hoplophora furcata]S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ glaber Donnadieu 1876CF77
    |--P. (P.) heterotrichosus (Niedbała 2000) [=Hoplophthiracarus heterotrichosus]S04
    |--P. (P.) incertus Niedbała 1983 [incl. P. conformis Sergienko 1987]S04
    |--P. (P.) incredibilis Niedbała 1983S04
    |--P. (P.) inexpectatus Niedbała 1983S04
    |--P. (P.) insularis Jacot 1934S04
    |--P. (P.) irreprehensus Niedbała 1988S04
    |--P. (P.) italicus (Oudemans 1900) [=Hoploderma italicum]S04
    |--P. (P.) jacoti Feider & Suciu 1958S04
    |--P. (P.) japonicus Aoki 1958S04
    |--P. (P.) koumantanosi Niedbała 1983S04
    |--P. (P.) lautus Niedbała 1981S04
    |--P. (P.) lentulus (Koch 1841) (see below for synonymy)S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ lineola [=Tetranychus lineola]CF77
    |--P. (P.) longulus (Koch 1841)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--‘Hoploderma’ lurida Ewing 1909N86
    |--P. (P.) machadoi Balogh 1958 (n. d.)S04
    |--P. (P.) malagensis Niedbała 1986S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ marginatusCF77
    |--P. (P.) membranifer Parry 1979S04
    |--P. (P.) nitens (Nicolet 1855) [=Hoplophora nitens; incl. P. roubali Berlese 1923]S04
    |--P. (P.) perlucidus Niedbała 1994S04
    |--P. (P.) perparvus (Niedbała 1989) [=Notophthiracarus perparvus]S04
    |--P. (P.) persimplex Mahunka 1982S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ petrobiusSS55
    |--P. (P.) piger (Scopoli 1763)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--P. (P.) planus (Mahunka 1985) [=Besuchetacarus planus]S04
    |--P. (P.) probus Niedbała & Colloff 1977S04
    |--P. (P.) propinquus Niedbała 1983S04
    |--P. (P.) pudicus Berlese 1923S04
    |--P. (P.) pusillus Niedbała 2001S04
    |--P. (P.) rapax (Berlese 1916) [=Hoploderma rapax]S04
    |--P. (P.) reductus Niedbała 1998S04
    |--P. (P.) retalticus Stoll 1893 (n. d.)S04
    |--P. (P.) sarahae Jacot 1930S04
    |--P. (P.) serrulatus Parry 1979S04
    |--P. (P.) setanus Jacot 1939S04
    |--P. (P.) spadix Niedbała 1983S04
    |--P. (P.) stenotus Niedbała 2002S04
    |--P. (P.) swiftae Niedbała 1998S04
    |--P. (P.) testudineus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora testudinea]S04
    |--P. (P.) tristis Mahunka & Paoletti 1984S04
    |--P. (P.) turgidus (Niedbała 1991) [=Notophthiracarus turgidus]S04
    |--P. (P.) validus Niedbała 1986S04, N07
    `--P. (P.) zicmani Balogh & Mahunka 1983 [incl. P. feideri Balogh & Mahunka 1979 non Balogh & Csiszár 1963]S04

Phthiracarus Perty 1841 (Phthiracarus) [incl. Caligonus Koch 1838, Ginglymacarus Ewing 1917, Hoploderma Michael 1898, Hoplophora Koch 1836 non Germar 1833]S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) boresetosus Jacot 1930 [incl. P. dudichi Mahunka 1982, P. kaszabi Mahunka 1981, P. minimarginatus Woolley 1954, P. tenuis Hammer 1977]S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) dasypus (Dugès 1834) (n. d.)S04 [=Oribata dasypusS04, *Ginglymacarus dasypusCH98, Hoploderma dasypusS22, Hoplophora dasypusCH98]

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) ferrugineus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora ferruginea; incl. P. juvenalis Parry 1979, P. paraligneus Iturrondobeitia & Saloña 1989]S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) laevigatus (Koch 1841)S04 [=*Hoplophora laevigataCH98, *Hoploderma laevigatumCH98; incl. *P. contractilis Perty 1841S04, Hoplophora contractilisG40]

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) lentulus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora lentula; incl. P. angolensis Mahunka 1985, P. rotundus Berlese 1923 nec Ewing 1908 nec P. magnus rotundus Oudemans 1915]S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) longulus (Koch 1841)S04 [=Hoplophora longulaS04; incl. P. apiculatus Jacot 1939S04, P. flexisetosus Parry 1979S04, Tritia glabrata Banks 1895M98, P. hortobagyensis Mahunka 1982S04, P. montium Jacot 1937S04, P. mundus Niedbała 1983S04, P. pannonicus Willmann in Franz 1954N86, P. prior Jacot 1933S04, P. setosellus Jacot 1929S04, P. tardus Forssluns 1943S04]

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) piger (Scopoli 1763)S04 [=Acarus pigerS04, *Caligonus pigerG44, CF77, Raphignathus pigerG44; incl. Hoplophora lucida Koch 1841S04]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[G40] Grandjean, F. 1940. Observations sur les oribates (15e série). Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 2e Série 12 (6): 332–339.

[G44] Grandjean, F. 1944. Observations sur les acariens de la famille des Stigmaeidae. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, 5me Période 26: 103–131.

[L87] Luxton, M. 1987. The oribatid mites (Acari: Cryptostigmata) of J. E. Hull. Journal of Natural History 21: 1273–1291.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[N86] Niedbała, W. 1986. Catalogue des Phthiracaroidea (Acari), clef pour la détermination des espèces et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales Zoologici 40 (4): 309–370.

[N07] Niedbała, W. 2007. Ptyctimous mites (Acari, Oribatida) of the Nearctic region. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 197–202. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

[SS55] Summers, F. M., & E. I. Schlinger. 1955. Mites of the family Caligonellidae (Acarina). Hilgardia 23 (12): 539–561.

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