Phyllidioidea

Dendrodoris denisoni, copyright Ria Tan.

Belongs within: Doridina.

The Phyllidioidea are a group of nudibranchs characterised by the absence of radula, together with a number of other features representing adaptations for suctorial feeding on sponges.

Synapomorphies (from Valdés 2002): Mouth area reduced to a pore, mouth opening moved posteriorly, labial cuticle absent, radula absent, salivary glands absent, oral glands present, caecum absent, intestine reduced, pedal commissure short.

Phyllidioidea [Phyllidiiformes, Phyllidiiformi, Porodoridacea, Porodoridoidea, Porostomata] BR05
    |–Mandelia Valdés & Gosliner 1999 [Mandeliidae] BR05
    |    `–*M. mirocornata Valdés & Gosliner 1999 BR17
    `–Dendrodorididae [Dendrodoridacea, Dendrodoridinae] BR05
         |  i. s.: Cariopsilla Ortea & Espinosa 2006 [Cariopsillidae] BR17
         |           `–*C. pharpa (Marcus 1961) [=Doriopsilla pharpa] BR17
         |–Dendrodoris Ehrenberg 1831 V03, BR05 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |  i. s.: *D. lugubris (Ehrenberg 1831) [=Doris lugubris] BR17
         |    |         D. citrina (Cheeseman 1881) P61
         |    |         D. fulva (MacFarland 1905) PP78
         |    |         *Doridopsis’ gemmacea Alder & Hancock 1864 BR17
         |    |         D. krebsii (Mörch 1863) B77
         |    |         D. mammosa (Abraham 1877) P61
         |    |         D. nigra (Stimpson 1855) V03 [=Doris nigra BD86; incl. Doridopsis macfarlandi Ostergaard 1955 V02]
         |    |–D. tuberculosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) V03
         |    `–+–D. denisoni (Angas 1864) V03
         |       `–+–D. albobrunnea Allan 1933 V03
         |          `–D. elongata Baba 1936 V03
         `–+–Doriopsilla Bergh 1880 V03, V02
            |    |  i. s.: D. australis (Angas 1864) P61
            |    |         D. nigromaculata (Cockerell in Cockerell & Elliot 1905) B77
            |    |         D. rowena Marcus & Marcus 1967 PP78
            |    |–+–*D. areolata Bergh 1880 P61, V03
            |    |  `–D. gemela Gosliner, Schaefer & Millen 1999 V03
            |    `–+–D. albopunctata (Cooper 1863) V03
            |       `–D. janaina Marcus & Marcus 1967 V03
            `–Phyllidiidae [Dipleurobranchia, Phyllidia, Phyllidiana, Phyllidiinae, Phyllidioidei] V03
                 |–‘Phyllidiopsis’ cardinalis Bergh 1875 V03
                 |–Phyllidiella Bergh 1869 V02
                 |    |–P. lizae Brunckhorst 1993 V03
                 |    |–P. nigra (van Hasselt 1824) BW09
                 |    |–P. pustulosa (Cuvier 1804) V03
                 |    `–P. rudmani Brunckhorst 1993 BW09
                 `–+–+–Ceratophyllidia Eliot 1903 V02
                    |  |    `–C. africana V02
                    |  `–Phyllidiopsis Bergh 1875 V02
                    |       |–P. krempfi Pruvot-Fol 1957 BW09
                    |       |–P. sphingis Brunckhorst 1993 V03
                    |       `–P. striata Bergh 1889 V03
                    `–+–Reticulidia Brunckhorst 1990 V02
                       |    |–R. fungia Brunckhorst & Gosliner 1993 V03
                       |    `–R. halgerda Brunckhorst & Burn 1990 V03
                       `–Phyllidia Cuvier 1797 V03, BR05 [incl. Fryeria Gray 1853 V03, BR05; Fryeriidae, Fryeriina]
                            |  i. s.: P. pulitzeri E96
                            |         P. trilineata G20
                            |–P. rueppelii (Bergh 1869) V03 [=*Fryeria rueppelii BR17]
                            `–+–+–*P. varicosa Lamarck 1801 BR17, V03
                               |  `–P. ocellata V03
                               `–+–P. coelestis Bergh 1905 V03
                                  `–P. elegans Bergh 1969 V03

Dendrodoris Ehrenberg 1831 V03, BR05 [incl. Cryptodoris Ostergaard 1950 (n. n.) V02, Doridopsis Alder & Hancock 1864 V02, BR05, Hanstellodoris Pease 1871 V02; Doridopsidae, Doriopsidae]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[B77] Bertsch, H. 1977. The Chromodoridinae nudibranchs from the Pacific coast of America.—Part I. Investigative methods and supra-specific taxonomy. Veliger 20 (2): 107–118.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[E96] Eertman, R. H. M. 1996. Comparative study on gill morphology of gastropods from Moreton Bay, Queensland. Molluscan Research 17: 3–20.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[V02] Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535–636.

[V03] Valdés, Á. 2003. Preliminary molecular phylogeny of the radula-less dorids (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), based on 16S mtDNA sequence data. Journal of Molluscan Studies 69: 75–80.

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