Picus

Grey-headed woodpecker Picus canus, copyright Ekytza.

Belongs within: Picinae.

Picus is a genus of woodpeckers with green upperparts found in Eurasia and northern Africa.

<==Picus Linnaeus 1758M02 [incl. Gecinus Boie 1831B94; Gecinini]
    |--+--P. mineaceusBKB15
    |  `--+--P. flavinuchaBKB15
    |     `--P. mentalisBKB15
    `--+--+--P. chlorolophusBKB15
       |  `--P. puniceusBKB15
       `--+--P. awokeraBKB15
          `--+--+--+--P. canus Gmelin 1788BKB15, M02
             |  |  |    |--P. c. canusVP89
             |  |  |    `--P. c. sobrinusVP89
             |  |  `--P. erythropygiusBKB15
             |  `--+--P. vaillantiiBKB15
             |     `--P. viridis Linnaeus 1758BKB15, M02
             `--+--P. rabieriBKB15
                `--+--P. xanthopygaeusBKB15
                   `--+--P. viridanus Blyth 1843BKB15, W66 [=Gecinus viridanusS89]
                      `--P. vittatusBKB15
Picus incertae sedis:
  P. atratusS89
  P. auratusJ23
  P. carolinus Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. cathphariusA72
  P. erythrocephalus Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. gaudryi Depéret 1887 [=Zygodactylus gaudryi]M02
  P. hirundinaceus Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. lignarius [incl. P. kingii]F43
  P. magellanicusB41
  P. mahrattensisE42
  P. martius Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. minor Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. nuchalisV41
  P. occipitalisE42
  P. peregrinabundus Umans’ka 1981M02
  P. pileatus Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. principalis Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. pubescensJ23
  P. semirostris Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. squamatusJT12
  P. tridactylus Linnaeus 1758L58
  P. villosusJ23

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A72] Abdulali, H. 1972. Some bird notes by W. F. Sinclair. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 422–424.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[B41] Bridges, T. 1841. Notes on various birds and mammals from Chile. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 9: 93–95.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[E42] Ewer, W. 1842. List of a collection of birds from India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 91–93.

[F43] Fraser, L. 1843. On the collection of birds brought to England by Mr. Bridges. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 108–121.

[J23] James, E. 1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 and ’20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, sec’y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party vol. 1. H. C. Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX.—Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 369–438.

[V41] Vigne, G. T. 1841. Relating to a collection of birds formed in Thibet and Cashmere. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 9: 6–7.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

[W66] Walden, A. 1866. Notes on birds collected in Tennasserim and in the Andaman Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 537–556.

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