Pinus subgenus Pinus

Japanese red pine Pinus densiflora, copyright yeowatzup.

Belongs within: Pinaceae.

The type subgenus of Pinus includes the yellow and hard pines, characterised by the presence of two fibrovascular bundles per needle.

<==Pinus subg. Pinus
    |  i. s.: P. belgicaEH06
    |--P. sect. PinusEH06
    |    |--+--P. heldreichiiEH06
    |    |  `--+--P. subsect. HalepensesEH06
    |    |     |    |--P. brutiaEH06
    |    |     |    `--P. halepensis Miller 1768EH06, PL04
    |    |     `---+--P. pinasterEH06
    |    |         |--P. (subsect. Pineae) pineaEH06
    |    |         `--P. subsect. CanariensesEH06
    |    |              |--P. canariensisEH06
    |    |              `--P. roxburghiiEH06
    |    `--+--P. merkusiiEH06
    |       `--+--P. massonianaEH06
    |          `--+--P. tropicalisEH06
    |             `--+--+--+--P. nigraEH06
    |                |  |  |    |--P. n. ssp. nigraV09
    |                |  |  |    `--P. n. ssp. laricioV09
    |                |  |  `--P. resinosaEH06
    |                |  `--+--P. mugoEH06
    |                |     `--+--P. densifloraEH06
    |                |        `--P. sylvestris Linnaeus 1753EH06, CD07
    |                `--+--P. tabuliformisEH06
    |                   |--P. taiwanensisEH06
    |                   |--P. thunbergiiEH06
    |                   `--+--P. hwangshanensisEH06
    |                      |--P. kesiyaEH06
    |                      `--P. yunnanensisEH06
    `--+--P. subsect. ContortaeEH06
       |    |--+--P. banksianaEH06
       |    |  `--P. virginianaEH06
       |    `--P. contortaEH06
       |         |--P. c. ssp. contortaH93
       |         |--P. c. ssp. bolanderiH93
       |         `--P. c. ssp. murrayanaH93
       `--+--P. subsect. PonderosaeEH06
          |    |  i. s.: P. hartwegiiCG05
          |    |         P. michoacanaCG05
          |    |         P. montezumaeCG05
          |    |         P. pseudostrobusCG05
          |    |         P. teocoteCG05
          |    |--+--P. coulteriEH06
          |    |  `--P. sabinianaEH06
          |    `--+--+--P. durangensisEH06
          |       |  `--P. ponderosaEH06
          |       |       |--P. p. var. ponderosaF56
          |       |       `--P. p. var. scopulorumF56
          |       `--+--P. douglasianaEH06
          |          |--P. washoensisEH06
          |          |--+--P. arizonicaEH06
          |          |  `--P. jeffreyiEH06
          |          `--+--P. devonianaEH06
          |             `--P. engelmanniiEH06
          `--P. subsect. AustralesEH06
               |--P. serotinaEH06
               |--+--P. elliottiiEH06
               |  |--P. pungensEH06
               |  |--P. rigidaEH06
               |  `--P. taedaEH06
               `--+--P. echinataEH06
                  `--+--P. caribaeaEH06
                     |    |--P. c. var. caribaeaEH06
                     |    `--+--P. c. var. bahamensisEH06
                     |       `--P. c. var. hondurensisEH06
                     |--P. herreraeEH06
                     |--P. (subsect. Leiophyllae) leiophyllaEH06
                     |--P. palustrisEH06
                     |--+--P. cubensisEH06
                     |  `--P. maestrensisEH06
                     `--P. subsect. OocarpaeEH06
                          |--P. greggiiEH06
                          |--P. oocarpaEH06
                          `--+--P. patulaEH06
                             `--P. subsect. AttenuataeEH06
                                  |--P. attenuataEH06
                                  |--P. muricataEH06 [incl. P. remorataH93]
                                  `--P. radiataEH06 [incl. P. insignisG60]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[CG05] Cognato, A. I., N. E. Gillette, R. C. Bolaños & F. A. H. Sperling. 2005. Mitochondrial phylogeny of pine cone beetles (Scolytinae, Conophthorus) and their affiliation with geographic area and host. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 494–508.

[EH06] Eckert, A. J., & B. D. Hall. 2006. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and patterns of diversification for Pinus (Pinaceae): phylogenetic tests of fossil-based hypotheses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 166–182.

[F56] Foote, R. H. 1956. Gall midges associated with cones of western forest trees (Diptera: Itonididae). Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (2): 48–57.

[G60] Gillham, M. E. 1960. Vegetation of New Zealand shag colonies. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 88 (3): 363–380.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the wild fauna and flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *