Pipistrellus

 Japanese house bat Pipistrellus abramus, photographed by Yushi Osawa.

Belongs within: Vespertilionini.

Pipistrellus, the pipistrelles, is a genus of small bats found in most of the Old World (including northern Australia) and North America. Most species of the genus have a distinctive weak, fluttery manner of flight that has been described as butterfly-like.

Characters (from Miller 1907): Dental formula I 2/3, C 1/1, Pm 2/2, M 3/3; teeth unspecialised. Outer upper incisor not as large as inner, but extending considerably beyond its cingulum. Inner upper incisor simple, or more often with a well-developed secondary cusp. Canines usually rather stout, posterior cutting edge of upper canine often, though not invariably, with incipient secondary cusp. Anterior upper premolar barely or not in toothrow. Skull similar to Myotis, though with tendency to greater breadth. External characters also similar to Myotis, except ear usually shorter and broader, tragus less acutely pointed, in some species bent forward at tip.

Pipistrellus Kaup 1829 (see below for synonymy)M07
|--+--+--+--P. ceylonicusFS15
| | | `--P. minahassaeFS15
| | `--+--P. permixtusFS15
| | `--+--*P. pipistrellus (Schreber 1774)M07, FS15, K92 [=Vespertilio pipistrellusM07, Nannugo pipistrellusM07]
| | `--P. pygmaeusFS15
| `--+--P. aeroFS15
| |--P. desertiFS15
| |--P. inexspectatusFS15
| |--P. maderensisFS15
| |--P. rusticusFS15
| `--+--+--P. hesperidusFS15
| | `--P. kuhli (Kuhl 1819)FS15, KK54 [=Nannugo kuhliiM07, Vesperugo kuhliiT66; incl. *Romicia calcarataM07]
| `--+--P. rueppelliiFS15 [=Scotozous rueppelliB78; incl. *Alobus temminckiiM07]
| `--+--P. crassulusFS15
| `--P. nanulusFS15
`--+--+--P. endoi Imaizumi 1959FS15, I92
| `--P. paterculusFS15
`--+--+--P. coromandraFS15
| `--+--P. abramusFS15 [=Vesperugo abramusSG72]
| `--P. javanicus (Gray 1838)FS15, K92
`--+--P. adamsiFS15
|--P. angulatusFS15
|--P. tenuisFS15 [=Vesperugo tenuisMP78]
|--P. westralis Koopman 1984FS15, MB12
|--+--P. collinusFS15 [=P. angulatus collinusM72]
| `--P. murrayi Andrews 1900FS15, JG19
|--+--P. hanakiFS15
| `--P. wattsiFS15
`--+--P. papuanus (Peters & Doria 1881)FS15, R64 [=Vesperugo papuanusR64, P. tenuis papuanusFS15]
`--P. raceyiFS15

Pipistrellus incertae sedis:
P. aegyptiusIT07
P. affinisIT07
P. babuIT07
P. bodenheimeriIT07
P. chrysothrixM07
P. circumdatusIT07
P. cuprosusIT07
P. dormeriIT07
‘Hypsugo’ krascheninikowiiM07
‘Vesperugo’ leisleriP66
‘Hypsugo’ maurusM07
P. mimusIT07
P. mordaxIT07
P. peguensisIT07
P. petersiIT07
P. ponceletiMP78 [=P. angulatus ponceletiM72]
P. raptorM07
P. ridleyiM07
P. societatisIT07
P. sturdeei Thomas 1915I92
P. tasmaniensisIT07

Pipistrellus Kaup 1829 [incl. Alobus Peters 1867 non LeConte 1856, Hypsugo Kolenati 1856, Nannugo Kolenati 1856, Romicia Gray 1838, Romicius Blyth 1840, Vesperugo Keyserling & Blasius 1839]M07

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B78] Butler, P. M. 1978. Insectivora and Chiroptera. In: Maglio, V. J., & H. B. S. Cooke (eds) Evolution of African Mammals pp. 56–68. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[KK54] Klemmer, K., & H. E. Krampitz. 1954. Zur Kenntnis der Säugetierfauna Siziliens. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35 (3–4): 121–135.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[M72] McKean, J. L. 1972. Notes on some collections of bats (order Chiroptera) from Papua-New Guinea and Bougainville Island. CSIRO Division of Wildlife Research Technical Paper 26: 1–35.

[MP78] McKean, J. L., & W. J. Price. 1978. Pipistrellus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in northern Australia with some remarks on its systematics. Mammalia 42 (3): 343–347.

McKenzie, N. L., & R. D. Bullen. 2012. An acoustic survey of zoophagic bats on islands in the Kimberley, Western Australia, including data on the echolocation ecology, organisation and habitat relationships of regional communities. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 67–108.

[M07] Miller, G. S., Jr. 1907. The families and genera of bats. Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum, Bulletin 57: i–xvii, 1–282, pls 1–14.

[P66] Peters, W. 1866. Note on a bat from the Azores. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 558.

[R64] Ride, W. D. L. 1964. A list of mammals described from Australia between the years 1933 and 1963 (comprising newly proposed names and additions to the Australian faunal list). Australian Mammal Society Bulletin 7 (Suppl.): 1–15.

[SG72] Sreenivasan, M. A., & G. Geevarghese. 1972. Occurrence of Amblyomma javanense (Supino, 1897) (Ixodoidea: Ixodidae) in the Kyasanur Forest disease area, Shimoga District, Mysore State, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 441–442.

[T66] Tristram, H. B. 1866. Report on the mammals of Palestine. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 84–93.

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