Planomalinoidea

Globigerinelloides ferreolensis, from Scientific Ocean Drilling.

Belongs within: Globigerinana.

The Planomalinidae are a group of planispiral, planktonic forams known from the Lower Cretaceous to the Palaeocene (Loeblich & Tappan 1964).

Planomalinoidea [Planomalinacea]M13
|--PlanomalinidaeLT64a
| |--Planomalina Loeblich & Tappan 1946LT64b
| | `--P. buxtorfi (Gandolfi 1942) (see below for synonymy)LT64b
| `--Biglobigerinella Lalicker 1948LT64b
| `--*B. multispina Lalicker 1948LT64b
|--SchackoinidaeM13
| |--Leupoldina Bolli 1957HW93
| | `--*L. protuberans Bolli 1958LT64b
| `--Schackoina Thalmann 1932C40
| |--*S. cenomana (Schacko 1897) [=Siderolina cenomana, Hantkenina (*Schackoina) cenomana]LT64b
| |--S. cabriK79
| `--S. multispinataC40
`--GlobigerinelloididaeM13
|--Blowiella Kretzschmar & Gorbachik 1971HW93
|--Hastigerinoides Brönnimann 1952LT64b (see below for synonymy)
| |--*H. alexanderi (Cushman 1931) [=Hastigerinella alexanderi]LT64b
| `--H. watersi (Cushman 1931) [=Hastigerinella watersi, *Eohastigerinella watersi]LT64b
`--Globigerinelloides Cushman & Ten Dam 1948LT64b [GlobigerinelloidinaeM13]
|--*G. algeriana Cushman & Ten Dam 1948LT64b
|--G. asperM08
|--G. blowiK79
|--‘Anomalina’ breggiensis Gandolfi 1942LT64b [=Ticinella (*Biticinella) breggiensisK79, LT64b]
|--G. eaglefordensis [incl. Planomalina caseyi]LT64b
|--G. ferreolensisK79
|--G. gyroidinaeformisK79
`--G. multispinatus Lalicker 1948FM03

Planomalina buxtorfi (Gandolfi 1942) [=Planulina buxtorfi; incl. *Planomalina apsidostroba Loeblich & Tappan 1946]LT64b

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C40] Cushman, J. A. 1940. Foraminifera: Their classification and economic use 3rd ed. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[FM03] Friedrich, O., & K. J. S. Meier. 2003. Stable isotope indication for the cyst formation depth of Campanian/Maastrichtian calcareous dinoflagellates. Micropaleontology 49 (4): 375–380.

[HW93] Hart, M. B., & C. L. Williams. 1993. Protozoa. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 43–70. Chapman & Hall: London.

[K79] Kauffman, E. G. 1979. Cretaceous. In: Robison, R. A., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt A. Introduction. Fossilisation (Taphonomy), Biogeography and Biostratigraphy pp. A418–A487. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[LT64a] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964a. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 1. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[LT64b] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964b. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 2. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[M08] McMillan, I. K. 2008. Reappraisal of foraminiferal assemblages of the Santonian–Campanian Mzamba Formation type section, and their correlation with the stratigraphic succession of the KwaZulu Basin. African Natural History 4: 25–34.

[M13] Mikhalevich, V. I. 2013. New insight into the systematics and evolution of the Foraminifera. Micropaleontology 59 (6): 493–527.

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