Pleosporaceae

Conidia of Curvularia lunata, copyright J. Scott.

Belongs within: Pleosporales.

The Pleosporaceae are a family of fungi including both saprobic species and necrotrophic pathogens, some of which are economically significant. Curvularia lunata is also known as a pathogen of humans, potentially causing facultative infections through breaks in the skin or inhalation.

Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Ascomata perithecial, more or less globose, thick-walled, immersed or erumpent, black, opening by a well-developed lysigenous ostiole, sometimes hairy or setose; peridium usually thick, wi th several layers of large thick-walled pseudoparenchymatous cells. Interascal tissue of cellular pseudoparaphyses. Asci more or less cylindrical, fissitunicate, the inner wall often thickened in the apical region. Ascospores brown, septate, sometimes muriform, often with a gelatinous sheath. Anamorphs hyphomycetous.

Pleosporaceae [Pyrenophoraceae]EB03O
|--Pyrenophora Fr. 1849LK04, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| |--'Drechslera’ australiensisWL89
| |--P. chaetomioides [incl. Drechslera avenacea]KC01
| |--P. graminea [incl. Drechslera graminea]KC01
| |--P. phaeocomesJK06
| |--‘Drechslera’ sacchariKC01
| |--'Drechslera’ sorokinianaPHK96
| |--P. teres [incl. Drechslera teres]KC01
| |--P. tritici-repentisLK04
| |--'Drechslera’ turcicaP99
| `--‘Drechslera’ victoriaeKC01
|--+--Curvularia Boedijn 1933LK04, KC01 [incl. Curvusporium Corbetta 1963KC01, Malustela Bat. & Lima 1960KC01]
| | |--C. brachysporaML04
| | |--C. geniculataRH91
| | |--C. inaequilisHS98
| | `--C. lunataC-OE-PG-C91
| `--+--Setosphaeria Leonard & Suggs 1974LK04, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--S. monocerasLK04
| | |--'Exserohilum’ rostratumSC97
| | `--'Exserohilum’ turcicumP99
| `--Cochliobolus Drechsler 1934LK04, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| |--C. carbonumGL98
| |--C. heterostrophusKC01 [incl. Bipolaris maydisKC01, Helminthosporium maydisKSM06]
| |--‘Bipolaris’ hawaiiensisSC97
| |--C. miyabeanus [incl. Bipolaris oryzae]KC01
| |--C. sativus [incl. Bipolaris sorokiniana]KC01
| `--C. victoriae [incl. Bipolaris victoriae]KC01
`--+--Allewia Simmons 1990SS09, KC01 [incl. Embellisia Simmons 1971KC01]
| `--A. eurekaSS09
`--Alternaria Nees 1816SS09, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
|--A. alternataSL02
|--A. brassicaeSL02
|--A. cassiaeKC01
|--A. citriS00
|--A. cucumerinaKC01
|--A. helianthiBSA97
|--A. infectoriaSH05
|--A. kikuchianaKC01
|--A. litoreaZB10
|--A. longipesKC01
|--A. padwickii (Ganguly) Ellis 1971 [=Trichoconis padwickii]DP72
|--A. solaniKD83
|--A. tenuisKD83
`--A. tenuissimaZB10

Pleosporaceae incertae sedis:
Extrawettsteinina Barr 1972KC01
Falciformispora Hyde 1992KC01
Kriegeriella Höhn. 1918KC01
Lewia Barr & Simmons 1986KC01
Macrospora Fuckel 1870 [incl. Nimbya Simmons 1989]KC01
`--M. scirpicola [=Pleospora scirpicola]HH00
Macroventuria Aa 1971KC01
Monascostroma Höhn. 1918EB03O, KC01
Platysporoides (Wehm.) Shoemaker & Babc. 1992KC01
Pseudoyuconia Vassiljeva 1983 [incl. Barrella Ahn & Shearer 1995]KC01
Zeuctomorpha Sivan., Kirk & Govindu 1984KC01
Decorospora Inderbitzin, Kohlmeyer & Volkmann-Kohlmeyer 2002EB03N
`--*D. gaudefroi (Patouillard) Inderbitzin, Kohlmann & Volkmann-Kohlmeyer 2002EB03N
Pleospora Rabenh. ex Ces. & De Not. 1863 (nom. cons.) (see below for synonymy)KC01
|--P. herbarumJK06
`--P. rudisIL01
Leptosphaerulina McAlpine 1902 (see below for synonymy)KC01
|--L. chartarum [incl. Pithomyces chartarum]KC01
`--L. crassiascaE99
Dendryphiella Bubák & Ranoj. 1914 [incl. Dwayamala Subram. 1956]KC01
|--D. arenariaSS09
`--D. salinaKC01
Stemphylium Wallr. 1833 (see below for synonymy)KC01
`--S. botryosumLH04
Ulocladium Preuss 1851 [incl. Pseudostemphylium (Wiltshire) Subram. 1961]KC01
Tremateia Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & Erikss. 1995KC01

Alternaria Nees 1816SS09, KC01 [incl. Elosia Pers. 1822KC01, Macrosporium Fr. 1832 (nom. rej.)KC01, Prathoda Subram. 1956KC01, Rhopalidium Mont. 1856KC01, Trichoconiella Jain 1976KC01]

Cochliobolus Drechsler 1934LK04, KC01 [incl. Bipolaris Shoemaker 1959KC01, Pseudocochliobolus Tsuda, Ueyama & Nishih. 1978KC01]

Leptosphaerulina McAlpine 1902 [incl. Neomichelia Penz. & Sacc. 1901, Pithomyces Berk. & Broome 1875, Pseudoplea Höhn. 1918, Scheleobrachea Hughes 1958, Scleropleella Höhn. 1918, Stemphyliomma Sacc. & Traverso 1911, Stemphyliopsis Speg. 1910 non Sm. 1901]KC01

Pleospora Rabenh. ex Ces. & De Not. 1863 (nom. cons.) [incl. Brachycladium Corda 1838, Cleistotheca Zukal 1893, Cleistothecopsis Stevens & True 1919, Dendryphion Wallr. 1833, Entomyclium Wallr. 1833]KC01

Pyrenophora Fr. 1849LK04, KC01 [incl. Angiopoma Lév. 1841 (nom. rej.)KC01, Ceuthospora Fr. 1825 (nom. rej.) non Grev. 1826 (nom. cons.)KC01, Drechslera Ito 1930 (nom. cons.)KC01, Neilreichina Kuntze 1891KC01, Polytrichia Sacc. 1882KC01, Scleroplea (Sacc.) Oudem. 1900KC01]

Setosphaeria Leonard & Suggs 1974LK04, KC01 [incl. Exserohilum Leonard & Suggs 1974KC01, Luttrellia Khokhr. & Gornostaĭ 1978 non Shearer 1978KC01]

Stemphylium Wallr. 1833 [incl. Epochniella Sacc. 1880, Fusicladiopsis Maire 1907, Scutisporium Preuss 1851, Soreymatosporium Sousa da Câmara 1930, Thyrodochium Werderm. 1924, Thyrospora Tehon & Daniels 1925]KC01

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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