Plocamiaceae

Plocamium sp., copyright Derek Keats.

Belongs within: Florideophycidae.

The Plocamiaceae is a family of red algae including the free-living Plocamium and its adelphoparasite Plocamiocolax.

Characters (from Womersley 1994): Thallus (of free-living species) erect, complanately branched, with alternating marginal series of 2–6 compressed lateral branches or ramuli, axes sympodially developed, base stoloniferous (or parasitic and pulvinate); structure uniaxial, with a central filament surrounded by a pseudoparenchymatous cortex. Sexual thalli dioecious; procarpic. Carpogonial branches 3-celled, borne on mid cortical cells, with the supporting cell acting as the auxiliary cell. Carposporophyte outwardly directed, with a basal fusion cell producing several gonimolobes with all except the basal cells forming carposporangia, enclosed in a dense cellular pericarp; cystocarps sessile or pedicellate on the upper ramuli of the series, non-ostiolate. Spermatangia developed from surface cortical cells on upper ramuli or on branched tufts in their axils. Tetrasporangia borne in simple or branched stichidia on the margins of upper ramuli or in branched axillary tufts. Life history triphasic with isomorphic gametophytes and tetrasporophytes.

Plocamiaceae [Plocamiales]
|--Plocamiocolax pulvinata Setchell 1923S57
`--PlocamiumHSA03
|--P. abnorme Hooker & Harvey 1845L27
|--P. angustum Agardh 1841L27
|--P. brachiocarpum Kützing 1849L27
|--P. cartilagineumHSA03
|--P. coccineum Lyngbye 1819L27
|--P. confervaceum Bory de Saint-Vincent 1828BS-V28
|--P. costatum Agardh 1841L27
|--P. cruciferum Hooker & Harvey 1855L27
|--P. dilatatum Agardh 1876L27
|--P. dispersum Hooker & Harvey 1855L27
|--P. hamatumNLS03
|--P. leptophyllum Kützing 1849L27
|--P. mertensiiG05
|--P. oregonum Doty 1947S57
|--P. pacificum Kylin 1925S57
|--P. procerum Agardh 1841L27
|--P. rigidum Agardh 1851L27
|--P. telfairiaeL27
|--P. tenue Kylin 1925S57
|--P. violaceum Farlow 1877S57
`--P. vulgare Bory de Saint-Vincent 1828 [incl. Delesseria plocamium γ procera]BS-V28

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BS-V28] Bory de Saint-Vincent, J. B. 1828. Voyage Autour du Monde, Exécuté par Ordre du Roi, Sur la Corvette de Sa Majesté, La Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. Botanique. Cryptogamie. Arthus Bertrand: Paris.

[G05] Goldberg, N. A. 2005. Temporal variation in subtidal macroalgal assemblages at Black Island, Recherche Archipelago. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (2): 65–71.

[HSA03] Huisman, J. M., A. R. Sherwood & I. A. Abbott. 2003. Morphology, reproduction, and the 18S rRNA gene sequence of Pihiella liagoraciphila gen. et sp. nov. (Rhodophyta), the so-called ‘monosporangial discs’ associated with members of the Liagoraceae (Rhodophyta), and proposal of the Pihiellales ord. nov. Journal of Phycology 39: 978–987.

[L27] Laing, R. M. 1927. A reference list of New Zealand marine algae. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 126–185.

[NLS03] Nelson, T. A., D. J. Lee & B. C. Smith. 2003. Are “green tides” harmful algal blooms? Toxic properties of water-soluble extracts from two bloom-forming macroalgae, Ulva fenestrata and Ulvaria obscura (Ulvophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 874–879.

[S57] Scagel, R. F. 1957. An annotated list of the marine algae of British Columbia and northern Washington (including keys to genera). National Museum of Canada Bulletin 150: 1–289.

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