Ploceidae

Male red fody Foudia madagascariensis, copyright Spacebirdy.

Belongs within: Passerida.
Contains: Malimbus, Ploceus, Euplectes.

The Ploceidae, weavers, are a group of granivorous birds found in Africa and southern Asia. Many species nest communally, with nests placed close together or sometimes conjoined into large unified structures that may house hundreds of birds.

<==Ploceidae [Alectuinae, Bubalornithinae, Ploceinae, Plocepasserinae, Textorinae]
    |  i. s.: Pyromelana orixA61
    |         Hyphanturgus ocularisA61
    |         Anaplectes rubricepsJT12
    |         Brachycope anomalaJT12
    |         MalimbusJF06
    |         Sitagra taeniopteraPB27
    |--+--PloceusBKB15
    |  `--+--‘Euplectes’ aferJT12
    |     `--+--‘Euplectes’ ardensBKB15 [=Ploceus ardensS05]
    |        |    |--E. a. ardensS05
    |        |    `--E. a. laticauda (Lichtenstein 1823) (see below for synonymy)S05
    |        `--‘Euplectes’ hordeaceusBKB15
    `--+--Amblyospiza Sundevall 1850BKB15, B94 [Amblyospizinae]
       |    `--A. albifronsFP64
       `--+--+--+--‘Ploceus’ hypoxanthusJT12
          |  |  `--+--‘Ploceus’ manyarJT12
          |  |     |    |--P. m. manyarA72
          |  |     |    |--P. m. flavicepsA72
          |  |     |    `--P. m. peguensisA72
          |  |     `--‘Ploceus’ philippinusJT12
          |  `--+--Philetairus Smith 1837BKB15, B94 [Philetairinae]
          |     |    `--P. sociusJF06
          |     `--Plocepasser Smith 1836JT12, B94
          |          |--P. donaldsoniJT12
          |          |--P. mahaliJF06
          |          |    |--P. m. mahaliS05
          |          |    `--P. m. melanorhynchus Rüppell 1845S05
          |          |--P. rufoscapulatusJT12
          |          `--P. superciliosus (Cretzschmar 1827) [=Ploceus superciliosus]S05
          `--+--+--Dinemellia dinemelli (Rüppell 1845)BKB15, S05 (see below for synonymy)
             |  `--Bubalornis Smith 1836BKB15, B94 [incl. Alecto Lesson 1831 non Leach 1815B94]
             |       |--B. albirostrisFP64
             |       `--B. nigerJT12
             `--+--Sporopipes Cabanis 1847BKB15, B94 [Sporopipinae]
                |    |--S. frontalisJF06
                |    `--S. squamifronsJF06
                `--+--+--+--‘Ploceus’ luteolusBKB15
                   |  |  `--‘Ploceus’ velatusBKB15 [incl. P. velatus inustus Clancey 1959B93]
                   |  `--+--‘Ploceus’ intermedius Rüppell 1845BKB15, S05
                   |     `--+--‘Ploceus’ melanocephalusJT12
                   |        |    |--P. m. melanocephalusL81
                   |        |    `--P. m. capitalisL81
                   |        `--‘Ploceus’ taeniopterusJT12
                   `--+--EuplectesJT12
                      `--+--QueleaJT12
                         |    |--Q. cardinalisJF06
                         |    |--Q. erythropsJT12
                         |    `--Q. queleaJF06
                         `--FoudiaJT12
                              |--F. bruante [=F. madagascariensis bruante]D81
                              |--F. eminentissimaS66
                              |--F. erythropsD66
                              |--F. flavicansJT12 [=Ploceus flavicansS66]
                              |--F. madagascariensisL81
                              |--F. omissaJT12
                              |--F. rubraJT12
                              `--F. sechellarumL81

Dinemellia dinemelli (Rüppell 1845)BKB15, S05 [=Textor dinemelliS05; incl. T. leucocephalus Rüppell 1845S05, Ploceuspasser leucocephalusS05]

‘Euplectes’ ardens laticauda (Lichtenstein 1823) [incl. Fringilla rufitorques ms, Coliuspasser torquatus Rüppell 1840]S05

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A72] Ambedkar, V. C. 1972. On the breeding biology of the blackthroated [Ploceus benghalensis (Linnaeus)] and the streaked (Ploceus manyar flaviceps Lesson) weaver birds in the Kumaon Terai. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 268–282.

[A61] Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327–349.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[D81] Day, D. 1981. The Doomsday Book of Animals: A unique natural history of three hundred vanished species. Ebury Press: London.

[D66] Dohrn, H. 1866. Synopsis of the birds of Ilha do Principe, with some remarks on their habits and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 324–332.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[PB27] Pilsbry, H. A., & J. Bequaert. 1927. The aquatic mollusks of the Belgian Congo, with a geographical and ecological account of Congo malacology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 53 (2): 69–602, pls 10–77.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419–426.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233–264.

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